Participantobservation refers to a situation where the observer is involveddirectly in activities with the people being studied. In this case,the observer enters a social system. For example, when a researcherparticipates in daily activities that the people he/she is studying,then he undertakes participant observation. On the other hand, innonparticipant observation, the observer has no direct contact withthe group under study the observer considers the group from adistant either through video or direct observation.
Disguisedobservation, occurs when an observer studies group behavior or socialactivities without their knowledge, example when you study theinteraction between teenage siblings in a homestead without theirknowledge and record their behavior. In undisguised observation, thegroup under study is aware that it is being observed. The riskassociated with this method is that people can change their behaviorwhen they know they are being monitored.
Qualitativeresearch is structured in a way that it shows group range ofcharacteristics in behavior that control how they react to certainissues. The results are descriptive in nature, used to discovertrends in opinion and thoughts. Quantitative research, on the otherhand, quantifies a problem through numerical figures. It quantifiesviews and behavior. Data that can be measure is used to formulatefacts in research, measures of scale are used
Focusgroup interviews are used to retrieve information on collectiveopinions, and the reasons for those views. They are importantgenerating a rich understanding of participants` experiences andbeliefs. It involves people with common characteristics. On the otherhand, an interview is a conversation between individual andindividuals where the questions are asked by the interviewer togenerate feedback facts or statements from the interviewee, moreformal.
Module9 Exercise 2:
Thefigure below shows negative relationship between income and mentalillness. The figures are hypothetical.
Reis,H. T., & Judd, C. M. (2014).Handbookof research methods in social and personality psychology.