Book Report for the book “Rebels against the Future The Luddites and their War on the Industrial Revolution.”

BookReport for the book &quotRebels against the Future: The Luddites andtheir War on the Industrial Revolution.&quot

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BookReport for the book &quotRebels against the Future: The Luddites andtheir War on the Industrial Revolution.&quot

Thebook “Rebelsagainst the Future”is a growing body of literature that is used to show the industrialrevolution that brought environmental devastation and socialdislocations that were not precedent. Additionally, based on theargument that is put across by Kirkpatrick, there are massive effectsof second industrial revolution the outcome is more subtle ascompared to the industrial revolution that was experienced beforebecause of the current pervasiveness. For this reason, the author ofthe book “Rebels against the future” has joined the league of thescholars who effectively criticize the high-tech (also referred to ahigh technology) revolution that was first experienced in the westernsocieties this is specifically in the America. After reading throughthe book, I have realized that the book is far much beyond thevarious pales of academia that are merging into the American societyand subcultures. Consequently, it is possible to assume that thereare various dismissals by the liberals to praise it as the leadingand radical edge.

Moreover,I take the author, Kirkpatrick Sale, as a contributor to the nationaldevelopment through his efforts and dedication as an editor to thenations. Additionally, Kirkpatrick Sale is the author who has writtenseveral studies that concern the imperialism that was experienced inWestern. In this book, Sales explores the distrust that was showed bythe Ludditesand the war that the fueled on the industrial revolution. As aresult, it is evident that there was technology that was burgeonedespecially in the Greens among the West. The book, &quotRebelsagainst the Future&quot explores the cause of the distrust intechnology developed that was experienced in the 19thcentury. Throughout the book, the author is focused on extracting aserious of lessons that can be used to guide the current team thatwishes to be aspiring neo-Luddites (Sale, 1995, pp. 57).

Accordingto the author, the distrust or the uprising fight began in 1811 inEngland. The Luddites started fighting their use of new technologiesimmediately the machines were introduced to transform the use ofhuman labor. According to Sales, there was an advert that was used tosteam up the looms that were meant to supplant the use of skilledlaborers, especially in the textile industry. The practice was commonin the stocking and the lace trades. Consequently, women and youngchildren whose ages were as low as 4 to 5 years were the mainlaborers in the textile industry in the year 1833. This is becausewomen and young children as the easiest group to exploit regardinglabor and cheap pay as compared to men (Sale, 2006). The authoraffirms that rate of mortality was very high. On the other hand, thelife expectancy rates were relatively low.

Thismeans that the employment level was very poor subjecting the poorpeople however, the rise in the employment resulted in matching andchanging trends in the fashion world. On the other hand, the authorasserts that there was the exceeding use of harsh and illegalpenalties followed the conditions in the British land. For example,there were death penalties for any person who engaged in crimes suchas stealing items that were worth five-shillings and more.Additionally, the wrong doers were subjected to transportation to theAustralian colonies or the American colonies at this time thefiction had befallen Moll Flander who was the heroine of the DanielDefoe she was transported to American colony for stealing a bundleof lace (Sale, 1995). Moreover, the book shows that there were highand raising levels of literacy thus creating awareness on issues suchas labor and human rights this resulted in effective French andAmerican revolutions.

Accordingto Sale (2006), the emergence of skilled craftsmen compelled theLuddites to initiate transformation and retool the development ofmachines as a way of adopting new technologies. They argued that theprocess of using machine resulted in depersonalized, deskilled,degrading, and demoralizing aspects to the laborers. Moreover, theKirkpatrick Sale argues that the process of using new technologieswas not primary used to achieve economic developments andproductivity rather it was meant to promote unskilled generation andlabor “discipline.” This fueled resistance and indignation by theLudditesthey started their war against the industrial revolution. The bookputs it clear that the resistance to the industrial revolution wasbased on the systematic campaigns across the Midlands in England theaim was to stop the process of mechanizations in the textile industry(Sale,1995, pp. 65s).

Asa result, the rebellion was restricted within the limits of thecountries such as Lancashire, Yorkshire, Derbyshire, Cheshire, andNottinghamshire. The matter escalated into roving bands that wereused to breakinto the factories as a smashing tool to the frames of the looms thatwere steam-driven. Moreover, the Kirkpatrick Sale plot that theLuddites carried pistols and knives that were use to threaten theguards who were guarding the factories’ machines. At some point inthe book, we see the Luddites setting the fire and stealing foods,tools, and guns in the from the factory guards. Consequently, theyrebel band of the time was reported to be 2,000 times stronger ascompared to other bands. Sale used this book to address thepseudonymous writings that include letters, newspaper articles, andmemos that were used by the rebel band to warn the manufactures therebel group appears to be formal because they use a newspaper editorto print the letters and newspaper articles. Moreover, the “Rebelagainst the future” is a group of people who were willing to postmanifestoes and bills in most of the public places in across theglobe.

Therebel process was talking place in the same area in which the legendof the Robin Hood had excelled for more than six hundred years.However, even today, the meaning of the word “Ludd” is not knownor is hopefully lost in the thick cloud of legendary and lack ofhistory of the of times. However, Sale goes to give severalconjectures that can be used to give applause of the last historicevents. For instance, the book gives a plausible moment that wasexperienced during the Puritan poet and the history that was given byJohn Milton Milton was successful in creating a connection betweenKing Lud and the Celtic god who were strong in the British’s 1stcentury and were bold and hardy in wars. The book gives a smallhistory of the legend such as variant denominations that were workingthroughout the uprising period of the Luddite this includes variantssuch as King Ludd, General Lude, and Ned Ludd. Because of theiranonymity, there are verses that remain to celebrate their short butare fierce feud as was explained by the Midlands mythology however,the aspect is still felt and continues to take place today among theAmerica environmental movements. Consequently, the Luddites were morethan willing to object the industrial revolution.

Inconclusion, based on the book “Rebel against the Future”, at thetime when the industrial revolution started, the resistance grew veryfast from the Luddites. Although their efforts to fight theindustrial revolution were not fertile, they made brave efforts thatwere more powerful, and their dream was embedded in the language theywere using. Consequently, the author analyzed the Luddites in apositive light this is something that was rare in the previousscholars who existed before Kirkpatrick Sale for example, theprevious authors argue that the Luddites were foolish and people whowere misguided. The sale shows the positivity that was portrayed bythe Luddites in their war against the industrial revolution. However,the truth is that not every person was happy with the rebel bandsome assumed that the rebel band was made by bad people who againsttechnological development thus, rating them as fools. Moreover, basedon the scholars of the day, the Luddites are mostly generalized asbad people and with negative thoughts about the technological growth.For instance, people argue that any person who does not to suecomputer is a Luddite Luddites were against the technological growththus, taken as social outcasts even to date.

Reference

Sale,K. (1995). Rebelsagainst the future: the Luddites and their war on the IndustrialRevolution: lessons for the computer age.Basic Books.

Sale,K. (2006). AfterEden: the evolution of human domination.Duke University Press.