Brain Cancer

BrainCancer

BrainCancer

Braincancers consist of the brain tumors that originate primarily in brainand never spread to other body parts and secondary tumors that startfrom other parts of the body. There exist over forty common types ofbrain tumors which can be categorized into two groups.

Malignants-These types are cancerous tumors that are highly capable of spreadingto other parts of the brain.

Benign-These types do not grow fast and their likelihood of spreading toother body parts is relatively slow.

Symptoms

I.Headaches

II.Loss of balance

III.Vomiting and nausea

IV.Difficulties in hearing, seeing, tasting or smelling

V.Difficulties in speaking

VI.Weakness in parts of the body

VII.Seizures

VIII.Irritability or drowsiness

Causes

Thereal causes of brain cancer are not known, but there are certain riskfactors that may contribute to its transmission. These risk factorsinclude:

I.Over exposed to extremely high doses of radiation to the head

II.Genetic conditions- Some brain tumors are more common in peoplesharing a certain pedigree

Diagnosis

Ifa patient is suspected to be suffering from brain tumor, the doctoris expected to conduct a test of how different regions of the braincoordinate. He would check the patient`s muscle strength, skinsensitivity and even reflexes to establish the effectivity of thebrain. He may also view the optic nerve for any abnormalities. Theoptic nerves usually bulge. An instrument known as ophthalmoscope isused to view the optic nerves (Hayat, 2010).

Inaddition to that, the physician may also carry out other tests, suchas the PET scan, lumbar puncture, single photon emission, angiogram,and the magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Treatment

Treatmentof brain tumor involves two stages. The first stage is calledstaging. This is the stage where a CT or MRI scan is conducted toreveal the extent of the tumor after which it is graded on a scale ofone to four depending on its rate of growth

Afterthe confirmation of its existence, the doctor would procure asurgery, chemotherapy, steroid therapy or radiography or sometimes acombination of these treatments. These treatments are necessary foreither removal or maintenance of tumors. In cases where the tumorcannot be terminated, the aim of the treatments should be to slow itsgrowth and relieve the symptoms through shrinkage of abnormal cells(Kurzrock, 2008).

Reflectionon Amish culture

Amishpeople are people who reside in the Holmes County in Ohio State ofUnited States. They are famous for the low cancer prevalence amongstthem. These people are descendants of one hundred original settlerswho came into that area about two hundred years ago. Due to strictintermarriage amongst the Amish people, their family trees areusually extensively intertwined. Consequently, rare genetic disordersare common amongst them. Amish culture overemphasizes in familyvalues (Hostetler, 1993).

However,the Amish people are also known for their conservative lifestyles. Itis in their region where there are low rates of tobacco use. Farmingis one of their major economic activities. They grow and eat foodfrom their farms rarely do they consume processed food. They alsolike engaging in other physical activities. The fact that they residein a rural area makes them free from different kinds of pollutants ascompared to their city counterparts.

Itis believed that their low cancer rates are attributable to acombination of all these factors. Cancer treatment team is usuallycomposed of neurologists, radiologists, oncologists, andneurosurgeons. It is vital to visit this group of medics whenexperiencing the symptoms that were mentioned earlier. Earlierdetection may help in suppressing its effects and developments.

References

Hayat,M. (2010).Braincancer.Dordrecht: Springer.

Hostetler,J. (1993). Amishsociety (4.th ed.). Baltimore,Md: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press.

Kurzrock,R. (2008). Targetedcancer therapy.Totowa: Humana Press