Since humanbeings started to specialize especially in trade and productionsectors, there has been striving to be the best and also maximizeprofit. Due to the quest for effective and efficient production,enterprises have been competing regarding technology andorganizational aspects of production. One of the technologies appliedin the production industry is the cellular production. Modrák, V.,& Pandian, R. S. (2012) describe cellular production as the useof group technology that involves division “…of machines intocells and components are divided into a number of families in such away that all components in each family can be completely processed byparticular cells.” The design and characteristics of componentfamilies are used during their division. The productivity ofprocesses and an organization is significantly influenced byoperation management techniques and skills applied. Using grouptechnology, an organization can be able to minimize work-in-progress,lead times and costs while still producing several products. This isachieved by combining production machines, equipment and personnelinto a group, cell, which allows delegation of responsibility to thegroup (Suresh, N. C., & Kay, J. M. 1998).
Chan H. M. &Milner D. A. (1982) describes cellular production as the techniqueused in maximizing production through the division of productionprocesses and essentials into groups and families. Choobineh F.(2007) describes designing of cellular production as a two stagewhere the first stage involves the formation of families and thesecond stage involves forming machine cells. During the first stage,clustering techniques employs proximity measures to identifymanufacturing operations and sequence of the operations. Choobineh F.(2007) proposes integer programming model for specifying the type andnumber of machines in every cell and respective families of the cell.Greene T. J. & Sadowski R. P. (1984) explain cellular productionas the act of combining common production concepts, principles,problems, and technology physical division of functional machineryinto production cells that are designed to a part family. Suresh, N.C., & Kay, J. M. (1998) describes it as a production system thatcombines different machines, equipment and personnel into a cell forwork delegations.
Cellularproduction is an advancement of batch production. It is the hybrid ofproduct and process layout that addresses that need of or automatedand flexible manufacturing systems. According to Morris J. S. &Tersine R. J. (1990), this technology involves reconfiguration ofplant equipment based on product-oriented layouts dedicated toprocess families of parts. They pointed out that one of theadvantages of group technology is the increased worker satisfactionand productivity. There are factors in the operating environment ofan organization that influences the performance of cellular layoutsprocess time, transfer time, demand, flows of work and level ofmaterial movement. The performance of cellular layouts is increasedwhen the above variables are enhanced.
Group technology(GT) has various advantages to an organization. This technology isbased on organizing manufacturing resources in order to increaseproductivity. Since it is a hybrid of product and process layout,cellular production enables an organization to benefit from bothlayouts. Work-in-process is reduced through production smoothing andbalancing. Utilization of input resources such as personnel,machines, and the material is enhanced. The design of this productionsystem is flexible (Mukherjee, P. N., & Kachwala, T. T. 2009).
Chan H. M. & Milner D. A. (1982), Direct clustering algorithmfor group formation in cellular manufacture, Journal ofManufacturing Systems, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 65–75
Choobineh F. (2007), A framework for the design of cellularmanufacturing systems, International Journal of ProductionResearch, Volume 26, Issue 7
Greene T. J. & Sadowski R. P. (1984), A review of cellularmanufacturing assumptions, advantages and design techniques,Journal of Operations Management,Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 85–97
Modrák, V., & Pandian, R. S. (2012). Operationsmanagement research and cellular manufacturing systems: Innovativemethods and approaches. Hershey PA: Business Science Reference.
Morris J. S. & Tersine R. J. (1990), A Simulation Analysis ofFactors Influencing the Attractiveness of Group Technology CellularLayouts, Management Science, Volume 36, Issue 12, pp. 1567 –1578
Mukherjee, P. N., & Kachwala, T. T. (2009). Operationsmanagement and productivity techniques. New Delhi: PHI Learning.
Suresh, N. C., & Kay, J. M. (1998). Group Technology andCellular Manufacturing: A State-of-the-Art Synthesis of Research andPractice. Boston, MA: Springer US.