Citizens’ roles in court


Citizens are an integral part in court proceedings. It is from themthat the jury relies on most for crucial information regarding thecases tabled before them. The citizens pose as witnesses who tableevidence before the court making it easy for the jury to pass onjudgment.

Citizens’ interactions with court processes

Citizens interact with the court processes in an array of conductsbut this exploration aims at narrowing down to the two most dynamicroles they play. Citizens are instrumental in provision of witnessinformation needed in passing on judgment (Caron, 2011). Suchcitizens present in the courtroom are quite significant since thejury highly depends on the information they possess regarding thecases. They could be eyewitnesses who happened to have been presentduring the time when the crime was committed. They thus appear andinteract with the court with intent of reporting exactly what theysaw that may be useful in passing verdict. The witnesses may alsoappear in a different form with which they may be come forth tointeract with the court by giving more information on what theyparticularly know about the accused. According to (Cole &amp Smith,2010), this interaction is fundamental in that it is with their helpthat the jury gets a complete analysis of the accused. Based ontheir psychology the jury thus can easily judge the relationshipbetween the accused side of story and information brought forth bythe citizen witness (Gruen, 2004). Secondly, professional bodies ofcitizens present during the court proceedings also interact with theprocess by offering their professional insight into the case at hand.These people provide deeper insight and synopsis into the case asthey analyze the case thereby providing a professional overview.

Regardless of these set of citizens both interacting with the courtprocesses in way of tabling evidence before the court, their statusis dissimilar in that the latter interact from a professional pointof view while the former only report from either eye witness or theirknowledge of the accused. While the former often appear before thejury based on summons and may make frequent appearances to the court,the latter are highly regarded and provisions for special sittingsfor them made in the courtroom (Gruen, 2004). As the information theyhave regarding the case is purely from a professional perspective,allowances are available for them during any session they availthemselves. More often than not, the professional team of citizensdoes not have to make frequent appearances during their sessions astheir insight comes in handy slightly before passing on a verdict.

A case regarding a murder case in which schizophrenia patientbrutally murdered his parents the first witness may come forth withwitness information relating to what they saw exactly during the timewhen the crime was performed. This is with particular reference tothe fact that they must have been physically present at the saidtime. The second witness is included into the proceedings to givemore information of what they know about the accused depending ontheir close relation (Gruen, 2004). They must prove beyond any doubtthat they truly have a history of knowledge of the accused. This isparticularly useful especially in cases involving persons believed tobe suffering from mental disorders. Lastly, the last citizen mayinteract with the court when called forth to bring his professionalinsight into the case at hand. Here the citizen in form of morticianmay call for an autopsy using which they would table an overview ofevidence of what exactly led to the deaths.


In conclusion, citizens play a very fundamental role in courtprocesses and their interactions are quite useful as it is with theirhelp that the jury is able to pass on the most probable verdict(Spigelman, 2001).


Caron, D. (2011). International Courts and Tribunals: Their Rolesamidst a World of Courts. ICSID Review, 26(2), 1-13.

Cole, G., &amp Smith, C. (2010). The American system of criminaljustice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Gruen, R. (2004). Physicianss-Citizens—Public Roles andProfessional Obligations. JAMA, 291(1), 94.

Spigelman, J. (2001). Citizens, Consumers and Courts. AustralianJournal Of Public Administration, 60(4), 5-8.