Climate Changes in South America Author`s

ClimateChanges in South America


ClimateChanges in South America

Climateis termed as the average weather observed over a given period. SouthAmerica is large and its climate varies in different regions becauseof their location, ocean currents, and winds. Latitude is the angulardistance of region to the south or north of the equator. SouthAmerica is located 60 degrees below the equator and 10 degrees above.Altitude is the height or distance of anything above the sea level.The South American climate has diverse dry and wet seasonsthroughout. The latitude and altitude affect the activities thatpeople can do at a given zone. Each zone has its own type ofagricultural activities and vegetation that can be grown. As thezones elevates above the sea level there is a drop in temperature.There are five types of altitudinal zones, which vary depending onwhere it is located from the equator (Hobbs&amp Dolan, 2013).

Thefirst one is Tierra Caliente and has tropical rain forest. The cropsat this zone are bananas, rice, sugarcane, additional tropical crops,and some livestock’s are reared here. Most people are not attractedto this zone. The second zone is Tierra Templada and has the largestpopulation of people in Latin America. This zone offers goodsurroundings for habitation and the climate is good for humanactivities. Crops found at this zone are corn, coffee, small grainsand dairy vegetation. In addition, they rear cattle’s and sheep(Hobbs&amp Dolan, 2013).The third zone is Tierra Fria it is the uppermost region in CentralAmerica. It is the limit line for tree growing. Crops in this regionare potatoes, wheat, corn, and barley. They rear animals and do otherdairy operations. The fourth zone is Tierra Helada it is known as thePuna zone. No trees grow here and the only activity is the rearing oflivestock for example sheep and llama. There is level is cold and hassnow. In addition, the level is only located in Andes higher MountainRanges in South America. The last zone is Tierra Nevada and humanactivities are minimal. There is permanent ice and snow at this level(Hobbs&amp Dolan, 2013).

Fromthe above it is evident that the altitude and location of thecountries in South America from the equator affect the type ofvegetation, animal and human activities found there.


Hobbs,J. J., &amp Dolan, A. (2013).&nbspFundamentalsof world regional geography.Pacific Grove, Calif.: Brooks/Cole.