Community Nursing Windshield Survey, Demographic, and Epidemiological Assessment

COMMUNITY NURSING 1

CommunityNursing: Windshield Survey, Demographic, and EpidemiologicalAssessment

Community Nursing: Windshield Survey, Demographic, andEpidemiological Assessment

WindshieldSurvey

Havingviewed a windshield survey video of Iron Bridge community, thepaper will examine one of the assessment questions in the categorieslisted in Nies &amp McEwen (2015) book about the Iron Bridgecommunity. One of the questions is about the Iron Bridge’s state ofhealth and what are some of the contributing factors. Nies &ampMcEwen (2015) agrees that Iron Bridge community health care is morethan a normal community. Having taken the windshield survey of theIron Bridge community, which is aimed at objectifying specific areasof concern without having to interact physically, the overalloverview specified certain aspects of the Iron Bridge’s population.

Within the IronBridge community, access to health care is primarily located towardsthe East of the Martinsburg, which near the general City Hospital.Some of the business in the county includes pubs and clubs, which areprominent towards the South. There are grocery stores, restaurants,banks, and gas stations. In terms of housing, Iron Bridge communityvaries greatly depending on the location, age, style, and condition.There are new developments across the county, and are locatedprimarily on the outside of the major centers.

Looking at how thecommunity health nurses might focus on the needs in order to plan fora health intervention, the community’s major concerns could be inrespect to the general numbers and specialty practitioners. Planningfor a health intervention is likely to be influence by the county’spoor upkeep of health amenities, lack of fencing in some of the poolsin Irob Bridge community (Nies &amp McEwen, 2015). The availabilityof alcohol would also jeopardize the nurses’ planning for anintervention.

Demographic and Epidemiological Assessment

FortWashington is a census-designated and an unincorporated area in thePrince George’s County, Maryland. Prince George’s County, FortWashington, borders the United States’ capital, which is situatedto the south of the district’s downtown. The community living isprosperous with majority of the population comprising the AfricanAmerican. The community is located towards west of the MarylandRoute, and according to the 2010 consensus, the community had apopulation of 23,715.

The 23,715 peoplewere made up of 8,134 households and 6,219 families that resided inthe CDP. The total population density had 1,718.3 individuals persquare mile (656.3/km²). The community is made up of 8,264 housingunits averaging a 5.24.9 per square mile (256.1/km²) density (U.S.Census Bureau, 2014). The census shows the CDP radical makeup OF70.1% African American, 12.43% White, 8.1% Asians (mostly Filipino),0.1% Native Americans, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.3% other races, and2.38% of other two races, either the Latino or Hispanic race of thetotal population.

The 8,134households are made up of 26.5% children below the age of 18 and areliving with their parents, 57.9% of the population is made up ofmarried couples, and 14.7% consist of female householder withouthusbands, with 22.3% making up the population without families. An18.3% of the total household consists of persons, while 7.1% of thepercentage has someone living alone, and are 65 years old or evenolder (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). According to the census, theaverage household population was 2.88 and the average number offamily members is 3.23.

The population’sCDP is spread out and consist of 21.7% population below 18 years,5.3% of the population being 20-24 years, 22% between 25 and 43,32.9% making up a 46-64 years making up the age bracket, and 16.2%being 65 years or older (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). As of 2003 forinstance, the medium income individuals in Prince George’s Countywithin the CDP was $80,177, while the median score income for eachfamily was $87,374. Currently, the same figures then have risen to anestimated $104,473 and $112,227 as of 2010. The males recorded amedian income of $45,656 to that of females, $41,450. The total GDPper capita income is $29,871 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). At the timeof census, 2.7% of families and 3.4% of the entire population livedbelow the poverty line, which includes 5% of the underageindividuals, that is below the age of 18 and those of 65 years andabove.

The epidemiologicaldata of the Fort Community, Prince George’s County, Maryland, basedon the contributing factors causing diseases, age, health standards,and poor living habits. For instance, 95% confidence interval wasreported in the community with premature deaths below the age of 75rising, as of 2010 census (U.S Census Bureau, 2015). The healthfactors in the county rose to 15% on average. These health factorsincluded adult smoking, adult obesity, physical inactivity, excessivedrinking, teen births, and sexually transmitted infectionscontributing to the data.

The total male population registered 18% individuals of the totalpopulation having one of the health factors mentioned. In regard toclinical care, 17% of the population was uninsured with majority ofthem making up the papulation aged over 65 years. Contributingfactors to poor heath were noted to be from the physical environment(U.S Census Bureau, 2015). For instance, air pollution made up 11.9%of the total pollution-causing factors, with others like violation ofdrinking water, housing and sewerage problems making up almost halfof the physical environment. In addition, the county’sepidemiological data emphasizes more on the HIV/AIDS menace, whichcontributes to 6% of the total premature deaths.

References

Nies, M. A., &amp McEwen, M. (2015). Community/public healthnursing: Promoting the health of populations. (6th ed.). St.Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevi

U.S. Census Bureau (2014). Prince George County, Maryland QuickFacts. Washington, D.C. Retrieved formhttp://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/24000.html

U.S Census Bureau (2015). 2015 County Health Rankings Maryland.Washington, D.C. Retrieved fromhttp://www.countyhealthrankings.org/sites/default/files/state/downloads/CHR2015_MD_0.pdf