is the way of lively hood of a group of people. In this it includes,their characteristic and knowledge that they have learned andaccumulated over the years. This knowledge and characteristics can beseen in people’s belief system, attitudes and values, religion,hierarchy and their perceptions of how they apply meaning to life andlife instances (Rielly, 2011). Hence, in general, culture can be saidto be the shared patterns of interactions, behaviors, understandingand cognitive construct that are learned and passed throughsocialization, in addition, culture I broadest sense involves thenurturing of the behaviors of the people by whom it influences.Hence, in this it is a person’s accumulated experience and learningtransmitted socially (Kuiper, 2011). Therefore bringing about themolding of behavior through social learning.
Continually,in a society, members not only endorse but also mold their behaviorsaccording to their culture. In this, culture is the traditions, normsvalues, customs, ideas and symbols that govern their behaviors(Taylor, 2011). The members of the society are in the society becausetheir common traditions and customs that are passed to them fromgeneration to generation through socialization. Hence, the culture isable to give the people certain distinct patterns that give them auniqueness in their behaviors and social relations.In addition, it isall that members of a society have, as it comprises of all that theythink and do.
can be used to describe a person’s characters that set him apartfrom the others. In this, the person can have some features like,speech, taste in art and literature, and his manner. It can alsodescribe in a popular discourse a celebration. Thus defined by theaesthetics or performance of fine arts and dance music and drama. Inthis culture is important as it describes everything acquired bysocial beings. It sums up human beings ways of live hood, theirfeelings belief systems, thoughts, and behaviors. containsthe symbols and ideas of the material that are made in accordancewith the inherited traditions (Gezon, 2014).
Comprehensively,culture is the total heritage of man and the sum-total of hisachievements that can be able to be transmitted by communication andtradition from one generation to the next. As it is a way of life acertain people in a certain geographical region. The collection andaccumulation of the heritage over the past ages is what sets onecommunity apart from the other. Hence by this have a directconsequence in the way of livelihood and social pattern of a society(Kuiper, 2011).
Thediscipline of intellect, morals and spirituality as in accordancewith values and norms of the accumulated heritage is what bring aboutdevelopment and human achievements (Taylor, 2011). In this, it ismaking personal what belongs to the group in terms of lifestyle andsocial patterns. As it is the system of learned behaviors that areshared and transmitted in the group. It is also charming to note thatthe heritage is learned by individuals and passed along from onegeneration to the next. The individuals receives the culture as apart of the social heritage and may in tern chose to reshape it andintroduce new changes to it which then becomes part of the heritageand passed on to the succeeding generations.
TheIndian culture is one of the cultures that has managed to pass thetest of time. It has surprisingly been in existence for over 5000years. It is considered to be a blend of cultures from across theworld and it also by itself containing its rich traditions(Honkasalo, 2014). In addition, even though the age of modernity hascome to the people of India remain rooted to their tradition andculture. The Indian rituals and traditions have a rich diversity oflinguistic, physical, racial and religion. The culture is defined bythe thoughts, ideas, prevalent philosophies in the country and thepeople of India.
Thegreatest uniqueness of the Indian culture lies in its robust socialsystems and family values. The elders are respected and loved sincethey are considered the driving force of the society. The guests arealso highly valued and are treated like gods, they are loved andrespected, and the host will not mind preceding some personalpleasures in order to keep the guest comfortable. The Indians alsoare ready to offer a helping hand to one another (Barrett &Markowitz, 2004). The Indians have a philosophy in their culture thatsupports the distributing of joy and sharing in sorrows. This isimportant as it emphasizes unity in their diversity and teachesrespect and tolerance for others.
Allthe aspects of the Indian people are covered with the mildness andthe humaneness as derived from their culture. As their societies arefilled with people from all lifestyles and religions, young and oldbut all living together in harmony. India has a vast majority ofreligion however in times of celebrations and calamities thereligions come together and share each other’s feelings (Rielly,2011).
Theculture of the Indian people can be characterized as having a lovefor humanity. In this, the Indian are noted to having a humane andcalm nature without possessing any harshness in their principles,philosophies, and ideals. These are despite all they have gonethrough regarding the aggressiveness of the Muslim conquerors and thereforming spirit of their colonizers i.e. British, Dutch and thePortuguese (Barrett & Markowitz, 2004). They incorporate peaceand tolerance. In this one of their principles during their strivefor independence was to be free without violence or without a drop ofblood. This made them to gain respect in the international arena as apeaceful oriented culture. In addition, the Indian people promoteunity in their entire lively hood. It has a vast and numerouscharacteristics of people from different classes, gender, age,religion, etc. however their culture has a fusion of old traditionalvalues and new modern principles to enhance their unity in satisfyingall the people in their society (Honkasalo, 2014).
Indiacontains seven territories and twenty-eight states, which has atleast one official language. Also, there are about twenty-twoofficial languages and about four hundred living languages spoken invarious parts of India. However, it is a misconception that thepreponderance of the people in India speak Hindi. In this, althoughmany people speak Hindi about fifty-nine percent of the residents inIndia speak another language other than Hindi i.e. Marathi, Telugu,Bengali, Urdu and Tamil (Gezon, 2014).
Thereligion in India can be seen to be more secular as it very manyreligions. It is the birth places of religions like Buddhism andHinduism some of the greatest religions in the world. A very largepopulation about eighty-four percent identifies with Hinduism.Although there are many variations of the religion with the fourpredominant being Vaishnava, Shaiva, Smarta, and Shakteya.Continually, about thirteen percent of Indians are Muslims making itone of the largest Islamic nation on earth. Sikhs and Christians makeu a very small population and there is even a smaller population ofBuddhists than Jains (Kuiper, 2011). The Indian cuisines have a richinfluence in blends from Turkish, European and Arab. The cuisine isknown for its generous use of spices and a large collection ofdishes. However, the cooking style varies across the religions(Taylor, 2011).
Theinfluences of Hindu and traditions have made the Indians to reinforcehierarchical relationships. The Indians are always cautious of thesocial order, and their social status relative to other people be ittheir family, friends or even strangers. All relationships in Indiainvolve hierarchy. Teachers in school are seen as the source of allknowledge they are also viewed as gurus. A father is considered aleader of the family a boss is seen as the source of allresponsibilities. Every relationship has a clear cut hierarchy thatmust be adhered to for the social order to be maintained (Honkasalo,2014).
TheIndian culture is a collective culture as people identify themselveswith the groups they are associated and belong with rather than theirstatus as individuals. A person is viewed as an affiliate of specificreligion, state, city, career path, family, etc. The group mentalityis from how the Indian people maintain a close tie with theirfamilies even the extended once (LaBennett, 2011). The extendedfamily helps them to maintain a numerous number ofinterrelationships, structures and rules. This intern helps theIndian to develop a mutual obligation that reinforces deep trustamong the members of the family. Although the Indians are notconsidered dishonest, they do not like to express a negative answerlike “no.” Instead of them telling you that something will not bepossible, they would rather incline to tell you what you would wantto hear. This is majorly because an Indian would be consideredextremely rude if by any chance express his negative commentsdirectly and also not giving the person the requests thing (Taylor,2011).
Thereligion, social class, and education majorly influence greetings inIndia. In addition as this is a hierarchical culture, the greetingsstarts from the senior most or the eldest person first. When leavinga group bidding farewell should be done individually. Shaking ofhands is common especially within the cities were most Indiansinteract with westerners. However, because of religious beliefs, menshake hands with other men and women shake hands with other women. Itis very unusual to see men and women shaking hands (Kuiper, 2011).
Therefore,by this the Indian culture is one of the most interesting cultures tosurvive over the times. It has great etiquette, and they are moreconnected and care a lot about each other. As family is one of theimport structures in theirs culture. In addition, their respect forthe old is profound and simply admirable (LaBennett, 2011).
Theculture that I would mostly identify with is the American culture.The United States has a population of more than three hundred andtwenty million people. It is also the third biggest country in theworld. This makes the United States one of the most culturally diverscountry in the world. Almost all the sections of the world have aninfluence on its culture. One of the major reasons for its diversityis that it’s a country of immigrants. (Rielly, 2011) The Englishcolonized it in the beginning of the 1600s hence contributing awestern cultural influence. Contributing to its rich diversity andshaping it culture are the Latin Americans, the Native Americans,Asians and, Africans. In this, they all migrated with a piece oftheir culture to the US hence contributed in the forming of a culturethey all fit in. this leads to the US to be referred to as a meltingpoint. In this, it is where all the other cultures have contributedtheir own different flavors to the American culture. As the Americanculture used to be shaped by other cultures of the world, it is nowshapes other culture too. Its influence has made the western cultureto be inclusive of all cultures in Europe (Gezon, 2014).
TheAmerican culture is one that supports individuals from all races, whohave a variety of religion, and can speak a multitude of languagesfrom all over the world. It is a culture that believes in freedom ofchoice. Hence, one can choose what they want to believe in and howthey want to live. The Americans also love personal space as in“elbow-room”. The diversity in America is against discrimination,this might be against one`s religion or race. The discrimination ispunishable by law as it is referred to a hate crime. In American,most people are informal, and they like to call people by their firstnames or even sometimes nicknames. The American culture also supportswelcoming of strangers as they talk easily to strangers and arealways ready to help.
TheAmerican culture is a culture that supports individuality. In this,the Americans are taught early in life not depend on others anddevelop their own life goals. This gives them a path of independenceearly on in life. They are also rewarded if they strive to meet theirgoals. They are not to depend so much on their teachers, friends, oreven family (Charleyboy & Leatherdale, 2014).
MostAmericans enjoy privacy. They like to keep to themselves, as most oftheir houses and offices are welcoming. However what’s on theirmind is considered private and asking “what’s on your mind” myseen as being too intrusive. The American culture also supports theidea and belief that everyone is created equal and enjoys the samerights. This is inclusive of women and all men of different ethnicaland cultural backgrounds who are in the US. As a show of equalitythose in authority don’t have much difference as the common person.There is seldom use of titles like Sir and Madam. Even, managers,presidents, university instructors are referred to their first names.In addition, the general life is majorly casual as students willattend classes with shorts and university instructors rarely wear atie. Greetings are mostly short and friendly as well as thefarewells. The American friendships are also casual as they todevelop friendship very easily and even ending them (Taylor, 2011).
TheAmerican culture is also a culture that takes pride and enffercies inbeing time cautious. It is of vital importance to keep time whetherto meet an appointment, attend class or even a diner party with thefamily. If late, a person is supposed to apologies for theirlateness. Even in some situations university instructors can demerittheir students for being late. On the other hand, students areallowed to leave if their instructor is 10-15 minutes late.
TheAmerican culture is also achievement oriented. In this, the Americanswork hard and play hard to achieve their results. A competitivespirit is maintained to keep on the motivation needed (Kissock,2011). The American people compete with themselves as well as others.They feel good when striving to beat their own records this may be insports or any other type of competition. They always seem to beworking on something since sitting quietly is always considered as awaste of time.
TheAmerican people are direct and assertive. They will try to work theirdifferences without a mediator and many times face-to-face. It isalways encouraged to speak up and give their opinions on any subject.Students in lectures are often encouraged to challenge on anddisagree with certain point. Visitors many times interpret this asbeing rude (Rielly, 2011).
TheAmerican culture is also future-oriented. Kids are always asked whatthey desire to be when they grow up. In college, Students are alwaysasked what they will do after graduations. Even the lecturers alwayshave retirement plans. This also enforces change. As change is alwaysequated to progress and the lack of change is seen as holding on toold-fashioned ways and the refusing to update to new methods.Purchased products are always designed to have a short life span aseffects the way Americans do not want to stick to one thing for solong (LaBennett, 2011).
TheAmericans are very welcoming and give visitors time to adjust to thecultural shock. In this, most of the times visitors have differentcultural values from the Americans. Hence, they many times experienceconflict in trying to merge their cultural values and the newlyAmerican cultural values. This gives the cultural shock. Therefore,they are encouraged to take time and be patient to adjust.
sare many times not the same. In this the American and Indian cultureshave a variety of differences. Like, for example, the Americanculture is a blend of many cultures while the Indian culture is verydifferent and has its own set of values and principles. Hence, thereis arguably a great value of difference in them
Onedifference that may strongly appear is the individualistic nature ofthe American culture and the collectivistic nature of the Indianculture. In this, the Indian culture is based more identificationwith the group that one belongs rather than one own titles. It alsorelies so much on strong family ties and family values (Taylor,2011). The family values are given more importance and prominencethan the individual values. Indians are more committed to theirfamilies and would give up individual goals and wishes for the sakeof the family. On the other hand, the American culture is moreindividual oriented. In this, the individuals’ values are givenmuch more importance than the family values. The Americans are morecommitted to themselves than their families. This enforces theAmerican culture to be more goal oriented as one will pursue theirown goals and passions regardless of their families (Charleyboy &Leatherdale, 2014).
Continually,the Indian culture does not reinforce independence as the Americanculture. The Indian culture people are meant to rely on each othermore, i.e. their parents and friends. The culture supports respectfor elders and it is they who make decisions. Whoever, the Americanculture supports more of self-reliance and independent (Rielly,2011). Children in American grow up being taught how to beindependent and not relying on others. In addition, each individualhas their own choice to make, which cannot be made for them
TheIndian culture does not support equality as the American culturedoes. In India, women are inferior to men. Although, this mentalityis changing because of westernization. While in the Americanculture, women and men are equal. There are laws that prohibit thegender discrimination.
Intheir cultural difference, the American culture is direct andopinions are highly appreciated. In this, they encourage quickresolving of issues in a face-to-face manner. However, Indian cultureis not very supportive direct confrontations, and it is in many timesconsidered rude to question an elder person (Kissock, 2011).
TheAmerican culture is also very often focused on material gains. Thismakes it to be more materialistic in nature. While the Indian cultureis more focused on the spiritual basis. As it is of a more spiritualnature. In this as more Americans are seeking more of material gainsthe Indian many times try to get deep rooted in their faith ofreligion. In addition, the American culture places more emphasize ontime and its value than the Indian culture.
Themarriage system in both cultures is quite different too. In America,people marry as the want and whom they want. However, in Indiamarriages are usually arranged, the family chooses the mate for theirchildren. The wedding tradition also takes a very long time. In this,it may start a month before the wedding and end a few days after thewedding. Compared to the American wedding that usually takes the dayof the wedding plus may some few preparation days before the actualwedding (LaBennett, 2011).
Oneaspect in which these two cultures are similar is the religion. Theboth are diverse in their religion. Since in India, there are manyreligions from Hindu, Islam, and Christianity, etc. America is alsodivers with religion from Catholics, Protestants, Islam, Jewish,Buddhist, etc. in addition to this both culture are also have multilanguages spoken in their countries.
Atheory in cultural analysis is that culture plays a very large partin how the people in it grow and develop. It sets boundaries on howthe people in it relate, behave, communicate and in general how theylive their lives. Hence, conclusively different culture sets apartpeople. In this people are molded by they cultures to be of aparticular character i.e. how the talk, what they like etc.(Charleyboy & Leatherdale, 2014).
plays a very big part in the human development and giving a persontheir personality. The culture in which a man grows up influenceseverything from what kind of developmental milestones that the personwill face. Milestones are important events in a person’s life thatsignify that the person is growing to adulthood. It also influenceschallenges the person will have when growing up and even the parentalstyle of their parents (Rielly, 2011).
Developmentalmilestones that define a child growing are a way to show that thechild is progressing towards adulthood. In this, some milestone canbe biological like puberty and others tend to be social which isinfluenced by culture. Some of this may include in American culturethat by 18 years old a person is viewed to be an adult and issupposed to be independent. This makes the person to mold thecharacter, which will enable them to reach the developmentalmilestone posed by the culture. However, in the Indian culture somedevelopmental milestones may be the person being married off. Thismostly happens when they are at around the age of sixteen totwenty-one. Therefore, different cultures have different rituals andcustoms that mark the child’s development into adulthood(LaBennett, 2011).
Theparental style also differs very much in this two cultures. Theparental styles are of a great importance as they teach a person atan early age what to do and what not to do. The American cultureparenting style is characterized by parents giving reasonable demandto their children, setting some limits to what the child can do,expressing warmth and being affectionate to the child and alsolistening to what the child has to say. This shapes the child to haveopinions about themselves and others and, therefore, the Americanpeople have highly outspoken personality. It also encourages them tobe independent of their parents and others in future. While Indianculture parenting style is characterized by, following the customsand traditions of the society like respecting and acknowledging theseniors and elders, putting family interest first, and also theperson is not encouraged to speak negatively of others and not toshame other people. In this, the Indian people very observant of thehierarchical order of their society. Their character and personalityis welcoming, and they follow the family traditions and the familywishes.
Inthis, it is evident that culture has a very big influence of howpeople develop and their personality. Since it is one of the reasonsthat the Americans and the Indians are very different in character.Since the culture dictates the customs, one must follow to be amember of that society. Therefore, for understanding a person’sdevelopment and personality the cultural aspect must be highlyappreciated (Charleyboy & Leatherdale, 2014).
also plays a big part on how people express their emotions. Emotionsare feelings that accompany thoughts. The provocation of emotion iswhat generates or builds aggression. Hence, as culture controls how aperson thinks then it can control what the person can be affected andoffended by. In this its classifications of emotions as theirquality, their intensity, how they would be portrayed, how they willbe managed and resolved and lastly their organization. In theAmerican culture, the emotions are encouraged to be shown and solvethem openly to remove hard feelings (Taylor, 2011). Hence, theAmerican can be seen as aggressive in showing their emotions sincethey prefer a face-to-face method of solving problems. They putacross and react to their aggressors in order make them understandshow they feel. However, the Indian culture is one that is notsupportive of direct confrontation. A culture that does not supportdirect expression of negative emotions hence it emphasizes on solvingthings in private (Bench, 2014). Aggression is not supported in thisculture also. As a person will not try to show their negativity aboutsomething as this is viewed as being extremely rude.
Boththe American and Indian cultures support good morals. As childrencan be punished if they behave badly. However, on gender the Americanculture views all genders as equal. It has also put laws to ensuregender equality. While the Indian culture views women to be inferiorto men. In this, it place greater responsibilities to men since itsees as if women can’t handle them (Taylor, 2011).
Thegreatest biasness that may have occurred in this analysis is theviewing of American culture as a greater culture than the Indianculture. This might be because American culture is a culture of adeveloped country and the Indian culture is a culture of a developingcountry. In addition, the American culture is the one I identifywith. However, the analysis is founded on the basis that all culturesare equal, and there is no greater culture than the other (Barrett &Markowitz, 2004). Therefore, the two cultures have been treatedequally in the analysis to provide a non-biased response.
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