The Controversy of Carbon Emissions
The current world is facing serious environmental issues that haveresulted in the outcry of the agencies with an interest in protectingthe environment. The last decade has led to mass industrializationsand consequently increased levels of emission into the environment.Land, air and water pollution is posing serious challenges to thebiodiversity, and it has made some organisms to edge towardsextinction (Olivier 3). Failure t address these challenges may resultin the loss of organisms as well as a continued series of humancomplications. Carbon release into the air by companies is asignificant and controversial problem affecting the environments. Thedeveloped countries top in carbon emission yet they can invest inefficient production processes and lead in conserving theenvironment.
As of 2012, the world carbon emissions amounted to 35,270,000kilotons every year (Olivier 2). The increase has intensified thefrequency of air related problems including pulmonary complications.The result of ozone layer depletion is due to the excessive carbonemission in the environment. According to the NetherlandsEnvironmental Agency, the massive carbon emission recorded onlyincludes the emissions resulting from manufacturing and cementproduction. It does not include emissions from land use, domesticprocesses, international shipping, and deforestation. The top tenindustrialized countries including China, the United States,Australia, UAE, Korea, Japan, and Germany among others lead to carbondioxide emissions. They contribute up to 69% of all the emissions(Olivier 4).
It is a major source of controversy bearing in mind that thesecountries have the capacity to invest in the efficient process withminimal environmental effects. If only ten countries contribute tomore than half of all the emissions, then they should be heldaccountable and put to task to curtail and revert the trend. Theenvironmental safety of billions of people around the world seems tolife at the mercy of the most industrialized countries (Olivier 6).
The controversy is further fueled by the fact that the world cannotrun without major manufacturing activities around the world. However,the develop countries have sophisticated systems to cater for thehealth of their citizens. The major burden is left to those leavingin less developed countries yet they are not the major contributorsto the global problem.
To curb carbon dioxide emission into the environment, variousmeasures have to be instituted and enforced. First, the Kyotoprotocol established in 1990 required countries to minimize theiremissions by a significant percentage (Olivier 6). Although somecountries are acting in line with the protocol, they are implementingit to insignificant results. Secondly, the developed countries areadopting hybrid cars with minimal carbon emissions. The projectshould go to large scale and become popularized, and it can have asignificant reduction of carbon emission resulting from the burningof fossils. Manufacturing companies should invest in renewable energyrather than the burning of fossils (Olivier 7). The internalenvironmental policies should enforce the environmental laws.However, there should be a relatively uniform observance of the lawin the top producing countries to give significant results.
The developing countries should not be spectators in the process butshould be active participants in the change process. They should beearly adopters of the efficient manufacturing processes. Thedeveloping countries mostly rely on the innovations from the developcountries. Failure to adopt the efficient technology may result in arecurrent environmental risk when they intensify their manufacturingprocesses.
Olivier, Jos. Trendsin global CO2 emissions: 2012 Report. Hague: PBL NetherlandsEnvironmental Assessment Agency, 2012. Print.