22 January 2020
Causeand Effect of Extreme Weather Conditions
Currently,the world is experiencing changes in the weather conditions that areaffecting most spheres of human life. Climate change is regarded asthe variations in the weather patterns experienced over a period. Itis global challenge that alters the standard climatic conditions.Climate change is mainly brought about by uncontrolled humanactivities, volcanic eruptions and solar variations, among others.Changes in climate are causing unpredictable weather patterns andchange in weather patterns in the world. Some of the effects ofclimate change include heavy flooding, droughts, storms and hot days,among others. Extreme weather conditions are affected byinappropriate human activities that affect the natural environment(Downie, Brash, and Vaughan 45).
Extremeweather conditions are caused by various factors includingurbanization, industrialization, and accumulation greenhouse gases.Accumulation of these gases in the environment causes gradualincrease of the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere. The maincontributors to green house gases include flaming coal and petroleumproducts, deforestation, and industrialization, among others (Smithand Wigley 462). The greenhouse effect leads to an increase inthe atmospheric temperature on earth by ensnaring heat and light raysfrom the sun. Increasing population and industrialization hasresulted in faster depletion of the natural resources. High demandfor energy, for instance, has resulted in deforestation.Deforestation is also necessitated by the development of agriculturalsector, human settlement, charcoal production and fuel wood (Green,Alexander and Mclnnes, p. 422).
Increasedurbanization, infrastructure development, industrialization andreduced forest cover are the major contributors of global warming.Extreme weather conditions around the world have resulted in heavyrains and storms in areas that previously experienced low levels ofrainfall. Some regions experience increased hot weather conditionsfor most parts of the year. The ocean influences the climatic trendsin Europe by hauling heat to the northern regions within the AtlanticOcean. The cold water in the North Atlantic Ocean sinks deep andspreads out to the rest of the ocean waters in the world (Smithand Wigley 462). The warm water near the surface that moves tothe northern regions replaces the sinking heavier water. The heatenergy carried to the northern side makes the Atlantic Ocean warmerduring the winter period. The effects of climatic changes warming onour environment are adverse on the environment resources and livingcreatures. The ecosystem has greatly changed hence affecting thequality of life for all creatures. Pollution is another effectarising from the extreme weather patterns. This is a major problemaffecting the environment, living creatures, human health and land(Dolan 450). Pollution may emanate from gas emissions anddischarge of toxic wastes into the environment. Toxic pollutants inthe ocean ecosystem have massive impacts on the plants and animals.Rise in global atmospheric temperatures poses a great risk to therich biodiversity of tropical rainforests and animal ecosystems.Climatic disparity and rise in the sea level may lessen coral reefs,minimizing their barrier effects and escalating the chances oferosion along the coastline.
Inconclusion, extreme weather conditions generate both environmentaland social concern to all nations around the world. It is thereforeimportant to promote appropriate measures to mitigate the causes ofextreme weather conditions. Protection, restoration, conservation andmanagement of the environmental resources will effectively addressthe challenges brought the effects of climate changes. It is alsonecessary for nations to develop harmonized policies to mitigateunwarranted activities that affect weather conditions.
Downie,D. L., Brash, K., and Vaughan, C. Climatechange : a reference handbook.Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, (2009).
Dolan,Edwin G. "Science,public policy, and global warming: Rethinking the market-liberalposition."CatoJournal(2006): 445-468. Print.
Green,Donna, et al. "AnAssessment of Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for the TorresStrait Islands, Australia."ClimaticChange(2010): 405-33
Smith,Steven J. and T.M.L.Wigley. "Globalwarming potentials:2. Accuracy." ClimaticChange(2000): 459-469. Print.