DOES GOD EXIST?
Thisis a stimulating and well-done book that places the transcripts oftwo debates comprised of questions from the start as the title “DoesGod Exist?” The argument is between J. P. Moreland, who is atheistand Kai Nielsen, who is an atheist. The two debaters are highlyqualified and specialized in the two perspectives. The existence(non-existence) of God concerning the foundation of ethics are twoperpetually life issues, and due to the main points, it is a readableaccount of all scholars and general interest readers.
Debateon whether God exist
Morelandbegins by claiming that it’s within one’s cognitive rights tobelieve in God. Focusing on how the universe is designed that is thesupport of the modern scientific research in biological, astronomyand physics. Moreland also adds that the presence of uniqueinformation such as DNA information shows that there is a mind behindbiology. Moreland argues that without God humanity ceases to be moreimportant than the swarm of mosquitoes because both were created andwill be destroyed. On the other hand, Nielsen argues by irrationalityto believe in God that is the idea of God is incoherent. He statesthat the anthropomorphic gods are coherent yet they are not real.Nielsen argument points out that the name ‘God’ stands out fornothing and one cannot point out something and conclude for once thatit is God. He also says that God is not observable because one cannotbe sure of indirect observation but to confirm direct observation isneeded.
Morelandargues that most of human race believes in God and discuss Himintelligibly and for observation he argues that not all things areobservable and even in principle we believe in things that areunobservable such as energy and gravity. On the other hand, Nielsenargues that religious experience gives no valid reason to believe inGod because feelings are interpreted differently by a religiousframework. Nonetheless, Moreland and Neilsen makes interesting pointsin an open way, but from my opinion I discover Moreland morepersuasive because his thesis that God should be believed rationallyis backed by convincing arguments from design, experience, moralityexistence and mind and also the historical account of the Bible andJesus. These arguments provide reasonableness and justification ofthat belief. The thesis from each side is essential to both partiesfor a better understanding of why to believe whether God exists ornot backed up with arguments (Kung, 2006).
Debateon whether ethics depends on the existence of God
Morelandresponse to ethics independence to God existence was that without anultimate Good that is God there is no reason to choose a specificcourse of action instead of another and this defeats the claim of theatheist’s to be able to lead a moral life. For Moreland, moralexist but Neilsen deliberates they do not. He believes that peoplewill make choices that are beneficent rather other alternatives.
Morelandcontinues using the variety of arguments to support his stand to betheist rationally. He resolves around the argument from Christ’sresurrection, Teleological Argument, personal experience argument andthe Biblical Reliability Argument. On the other hand, Neilsen takes adifferent approach only focuses on the argument for atheism to thedebate (Kung, 2006). I find Moreland arguments on whether ethicsdepends on God exist more persuasive because Nielsen on the mainargument he does not answer Moreland’s at all. He dismisses themclaiming that he has dealt with them earlier. With a failure torespond to Moreland argument, Neilsen learns from Moreland that thetruth of moral propositions is greatly determined by correspondencewith the moral facts.
Kung,H. (2006). DoesGod exist?: an answer for today.Wipf and Stock Publishers.