FEMINIZATION OF POVERTY 3
Forthe last few decades, feminization of poverty has become a sensitiveissue. According to Moghadam(2005), feminization of poverty is the tendency for many women tolive in poverty compared to men. In developing nations, the number ofwomen living below poverty line is increasing. Boththe structural-functional and conflict theory can be used inexplaining poverty feminization. From a structural-functionalisttheory, poverty feminization is as a result of stratification andinequality, which are essential for maintaining stability in thesociety. According to this approach, poverty feminization is an issuecreated as a result of the disparity between men and women regardingabilities and potential. Since men have better abilities and greaterpotential compared to women, they remain at the top of the hierarchy,getting good jobs and better salaries compared to women, who remainat the bottom.
Incontrast to structural-functionalist theory, the conflict theoryargues competition and inequality are not inventible but are embracedby men, since they want to remain in power and in control of thesociety. From this perspective, poverty feminization is an issuearising from policies and practices that embrace gender inequalityand discrimination against women. I will argue that povertyfeminization is more of a theoretic conflict issue compared tostructural- functionalist one. Currently, top positions in manyorganizations and governments are occupied by men. Men do not remainat the top of the hierarchy because they have better abilities andgreater potential compared to women, but because they implementpolicies that ensure they remain at these top positions. The men willcontinue using their top positions to amass wealth and enhance theirfinancial capability at the expense of the women at low positions,who will continue being poor.
ReferencesMoghadam,V. M. (2005). The‘ ‘and Women`s Human Rights.