Geography article analysis


Date of submission:

PART 1: Article Analysis

Article1: Electoral offenders must be punished – Buhari, by Nwabughiogu &ampAjayi (2015) [Geopolitics]

The Nigerian president declared that all electoral offenders from therecent general elections in the country had to face the law. Nigeriahas one of the largest geopolitical settings in Africa, making itselections tedious. In the recent elections, the president said thatthere were electoral multi-practices that had occurred and deservedto be punished. This was to make the country’s electoral systemright, so as to avoid costly re-runs and ruin of democracy. Theaction would be taken against political parties, institutions andpublic officers who will be found guilty.

Article2: Pro-Biafra protests not in the interest of the South-east people,by Nkwopara et. Al (2015) [Geopolitics]

Governors from various geographical regions in Nigeria are meetingover the growing agitation by the protagonists Biafra. Since therelease of Biafra’s leader and director, there have been politicaltensions as people from various regions have divided opinion over theimpact the release will have on their socio-economic wellbeing. Tokeep matters in control, there have been talks on how the leaders cankeep the activities of the pro-Biafra group in check. The worry andpanic is fueled by the presence of regional extremist groups acrossthe country, such Boko Haram, who have terrorized and taken over someparts.

Article3: Nigeria closer to oil in Chad Basin – NNPC [Environmentalgeography] by Vanguard

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation is close to finding oilin the country’s North-East region, at the Chad basin. This isafter the analysis of data from recent seismic explorations in thearea. The discovery is likely to cost the NNPC about $20billion worthof investments in 2016. The year has been described as a crucial onefor Nigeria, as it looks to expand its oil and gas sector. Already,Nigeria is among the world’s leading producers and exporters ofcrude and refined oil respectively.

Article4: Shell, Nigeria accused over oil spill clean-up [Environmentalgeography] by Vanguard

Shell,a leading oil company currently operating in Nigeria, has beenaccused of making false claims regarding the extent of oil spills inNigeria. The Nigerian authorities are also among those accused by theAmnesty International and Center for Environment, Human Rights andDevelopment (CEHRD). Additionally, there have been protests fromcivil rights movements over the manner that Shell and the Nigerianauthorities are handling their wellbeing. Such claims have in thepast led to the stop of oil business in some areas in Nigeria, suchas the Ogoniland, where Shell has not been allowed to operate since1993.

Article5: Teachers’ day: Ogun teachers raise alarm over population ofstudents by Olatunji &amp Olayeye (2015) [Population andsettlement] by Vanguard

Nigeriais one of the most populated countries in Africa. The matter has beenobserved to be affecting the education sector. In Ogun State,teachers were complaining that the student population was threateningthe infrastructure in the schools. The matter has been made worse bythe Free education program initiated by the government, which has ledto the overflowing of the classrooms. The most affected are publicschools, where parents who cannot adequately finance their children’seducation are accused of dumping their children. The matter is saidto be threatening the future of quality learning in the country.

Article6: Improving female education will hasten Nigeria’s economicdevelopment by Adesulu (2015) [Socioeconomic]

Accordingto Pearson’s managing director in Nigeria, it will be impossiblefor Nigeria to meet its economic or social potential as a nationuntil they actualize plans for female education. According to hisprojections, African leaders are supposed to ensure that they investin female children’s education. As of the moment, Nigerian women’sliteracy levels are 8 points below those of the males, which issignificantly lower than what is expected for socio-economicdevelopment. According to him, education the girl child benefits notonly them, but also the entire nation.

PART 2: Discussion of diversity and globalization


The concept of diversity is quite wide. However, it encompassesacceptance of other people and respect for their way of living andtradition. According to Rowntree, Lewis &amp Price (2013), it meansthat people have to accept the fact that everyone is unique, and beable to acknowledge the basic differences that define people. Fromthe discussion of the articles given above, it is quite evident thatNigerian people acknowledge and respect people’s diversity. This isparticularly observable in the first, second and sixth articles.

The first article highlights the theme of diversity un electoralpolitics. When going into elections, people are given the liberty tochoose their leaders. To do this, it means that the authorities andresponsible institutions have to accept the feeling and opinion ofthe people, and not interfere with their choices. However, it isquite clear that in the recent Nigerian elections, diversity was notupheld, which led to the action by the president to hold accountablethose accused of electoral malpractices. The argument aboutinequality and ethnic diversity, which are key issues in Africanpolitics, have been discussed by many authors (Rowntree et al.,2013).

The second article speaks about the pro-Biafra protests in Nigeria.Biafra is a movement that was founded to fight for cessation inNigeria (Nkwocha, 2010). From a diversity perspective, the people ofSouth Eastern Nigeria, who are highlighted in the article, aresidelined from the political engagements of the group. This is mostprobably associated with their ethnic and cultural backgrounds, whichare elements in the subject of diversity.

The sixth article highlights the gender aspect of diversity. In themodern world, gender is no longer a barrier when it comes to economicand social development. This is because national structures have toensure that diversity is embraced when educating both the boy andgirl child. In Nigeria, education and gender diversity have been amajor issue in the country’s social and economic development.


Rowntree et al. (2013) define globalization as the process ofinteraction among people, which leads to integration and corporation.This can also take in the fronts of business, culture, sports, andother areas. Subjectively, all the articles highlight the theme ofglobalization. The third, fourth and fifth articles have strongelements the theme of globalization in Nigeria. In the third article,the country’s oil corporation is looking to being oil explorationin the Chad basin. This basin is shared with Chad, which also hasinterests in the oil business. To do business in harmony, bothcountries have to embrace globalization, in terms of internationalcorporation.

The fourth article speaks about Shell company’s indulgence in theoil business in the country. Firstly, Shell is a Foreign company.However, given business agreements, which are facilitated byinternational corporation through business, the country has been ableto operate in the country. At the same time, the involvement of CEHRDin the country’s environmental issues is a show of globalizationthrough collaboration of the Nigerian government and theinternational community. The fifth article addresses populationgrowth, which has been an international issue in matters of humansettlement. By affecting the country’s education system, populationgrowth in Nigeria brings the country together with others in thedeveloping countries group to come together and find a way forward.


Adesulu, D. (1 October 2015). Improving female education will hastenNigeria’s economic development. Vanguard. Retrieved 11November 2015 from

Nigeria closer to oil find in Chad Basin – NNPC. (9 November 2015).Vanguard. Retrieved 11 November 2015 from

Nkwocha, O. D. (2010).&nbspRepublicof Biafra- once upon a time in Nigeria: My story of theBiafra-Nigerian civil war.Authorhouse.

Nkwopara, C., Okutu, P., Igata, F., Oghre, G. &amp Alaribe, O. (10November 2015). Pro-iafra protests not in the interest of South-Eastpeople. Vanguard. Retrieved 11 November 2015 from

Nwabughiogu, L. &amp Ajayi, O. (10 November 2015). Electroraloffenders must be punished – Buhari. Vanguard. Retrieved 11November 2015 from

Olatunji, D. &amp Olayeye, R. (5 October 2015). Teachers day: Ogunteachers raise alarm over population of students. Vanguard.Retrieved 11 November 2015 from

Rowntree, L. (2014).&nbspGlobalizationand diversity: Geography of a changing world.Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Shell, Nigeria accused over oil spill clean up. (3 November 2015).Vanguard. Retrieved 11 November 2015 from