Self-managementskills amongst the patients are critical in improving theircondition. It is important for the patients to gain significantknowledge of how to manage their condition such as learning how totake the medications as prescribed and being able to manage theemotional impact of their condition. A personal development plan isessential in gaining such skills and knowledge. The medicalpractitioners also need the development plan.

Apersonal action plan helps the medical practitioners improve theirskills and knowledge in their specialty areas such as maintaininggood relationships with the clients and colleagues, good professionalpractice and ethical guidelines in the medical profession.

Apersonal action plan helps to outline the tasks that require to bedone so as to accomplish the stated goals. For example, a patient’sgoal can be to lose at least five pounds within the next threemonths. The goal will help to determine the specific actions toundertake to reduce weight such as walking three times a day. For amedical practitioner, the goal can be to improve their knowledge. Thetasks in such a case might include attending seminars and workshops.

Anaction plan is essential in determining the time required in eachtask to ensure all the tasks are accomplished within the expectedduration. Also, it will help to track the task progress andachievement.

Theaction plan helps in the determination of the resources required toaccomplish the set goals. For a patient intending to lose fivepounds, the resources might be creating time while a medicalpractitioner needs tuition fee.

Theaction plan is essential in the determination of the challengeslikely to emerge in an attempt to achieve the stated goals andconsequent development of problem-solving techniques.


Ottawacharter of healthcare provides various elements that need to be takencare of to ensure that individual are well catered for as far ashealth is concerned. It list the key issues which should be lookedin when addressing the health, this are food, income, shelter,education, peace, stable ecosystem sustainable resources, socialjustice and equity and no illness(Wilcock, 2015).

Inrelation to the Maslow’s hierarchy of need theory some of the aboveconcerns will even be represented in two stages as their needs mightserve two stages. Maslow theory categories the needs of a human fromthe most basic to self-acclimatized needs (Maslow, 2013). It has fivestages the bottom stage which is the psychological needs stage,followed by the safety need, social needs, self-esteem needs andself-actualization (Maslow, 2013)

Inmapping these health concerns food and income and shelter fit on thefirst stage which is the fulfillment of psychological needs. It isworth noting that income appears in this stage because the success ofan individual attaining shelter and food are basically determined byability to have income. As one gets to have shelter and food they areable to take care of their health in a positive way as they canassess good food and be able to keep themselves warm (Wilcock, 2013)

Secondlythere is need for peace, stable ecosystem, sustainable resources,income and education. To survive in a healthy environment it isImportant to treasure natural resource as utterly a human beingsurvival depends on it. With increase in population there are casesof human- environment conflict. In most cases the environment hasbeen at the mercy of activities of human. As human being degrade theenvironment, health risk increase. This issue needs to be addressedin relation to peaceful coexistence. Education can also fit here asit provides security to in terms of global interdependence andeconomic growth (Wilcock, 2015). Income also provides financialsecurity.

Thethird stage of social needs can be well represented by need toeducate the masses, education leads to social cohesion it promotestolerance, equality, cultural diversity and eliminates racial,religious and gender stereotyping.

Thefourth stage of Maslow’s can be represented by the need to satisfyequity, social justice and educational needs. Education promotestolerance and non-discrimination thus eliminating the need forself-esteem as their confidence can be derived from education(Wilcock, 2015). The need to address social justice and equity helpshandle case of discrimination and gender issues, these issues are allconnected with self-esteem (Wilcock, 2015). If they are addressedthen, a healthy society will be achieved.

Thefinal stage is the self-actualization stage. The stage is an illusionone because in logic it cannot be achieved as is based on an illnessfree world. There incurable disease but this stage hopes that one dayall illness will have a cure.



HealthCare Reform: Lessons From Canada. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Maslow,A. H. (2012). Atheory of human motivation

Wilcock,A., &amp Hocking, C. (2015). Dominant Concepts and ContemporaryPriorities. In An occupational perspective of health (Third ed.).Thorofare, New Jersey: SLACK Incorporated