Leviticus16 deals with the Yom Kippur ritual which is a customary Torahreading. Customary Jewish individuals read portions of the Parashahas Torah for Yom Kippur ritual. Hebrew or rather, "after thedeath" is the 29th weekly portion of the yearly Jewish series ofTorah readings as well as the sixth in Leviticus. It comprises ofLeviticus 16:1-18:30. Generally, Parashah comprises of 4,294 Hebrewletters. It also has 1,170 words from Hebrew as well as 80 verses. It covers roughly 154 lines in the Torah Scroll. In general, the Jewsread it during April or at the beginning of May. According to theJews, the Luni-solar Hebrew calendar consists of 55 weeks with theprecise figure varying from 50 in ordinary years and 54 or 55 duringleap years. During leap years, for instance 2019, 2022 and 2024,Parashah Acharei is separately read during the 29thSabbath after the Simchat Torah. In ordinary years such as 2017, 2018and 2020, Parashah Acharei is read in combination with the subsequentParashah, Kedoshim to assist in achieving the required figure ofweekly reading.
Leviticus16 that also deals with the Yom Kippur service is the customary Torahreading for the morning ritual whereas Leviticus 18 is for theafternoon ritual. Some conservative personalities interchangeLeviticus 19 readings with the Leviticus 18 customary readings.During holidays, normal prayer book entails Deuteronomy 29:9-14 aswell as Deuteronomy 30:11-20 the morning service, in lieu of thecustomary Leviticus 16. The Parashah puts down the laws of the YomKippur service, sexual practices, blood and centralized offerings.This paper will look to critically analyze the events describedwithin the tractate of Yoma. It will outline the relation betweenLeviticus 16 and Yoma. To critically analyze the relation, it ismandatory to understand the faithfulness of rabbis towards thebiblical rituals and what they bring about to the biblicaldescriptions. Additionally, it is vital to understand theirnecessity in the biblical perspective. Additionally, what the rabbissay about the bible i.e. whether they mention anything within thebible will also be a major undertaking within this paper.
Therabbis do not entirely rely on the biblical ritual laws. According tothe Jewish courts, a family not having peace within the house coulddivorce without prohibition. Accordingly, one could switch spousewithout refuse of consent form one spouse. They do not render secondmarriages as invalid according to the biblical law. However, thecriminal law does not agree to individuals getting into othermarriages without the consent from rabbinical courts.
TheRabbinical culture is far more complex than just plainly pursuingwhat the Bible states. According to Leviticus 16, there areceremonial laws on preparation, slaughtering, and separation that arenot explained within the Bible. The rabbinical rules imploreunnecessary restrictions that are hard to follow. In accordance tothem, dietary restrictions were started far back. In that case thedifference between clean and unclean animals as well as birds ispertained to contamination of foods to be consumed. One is notconsidered ritually unclean when he/she does not wash hands. However,the filth that comes from someone’s heart typifies his/hercleanliness. The rabbis are quite observant on where to purchasetheir meats. They believe meat from a Kosher is better since they aretrained on how to slaughter animals in a humane manner.
Therabbis believe in burnt sacrifices and offerings just live in thebiblical laws. They therefore render the biblical rituals within thebible as a basic block useful in their current beliefs.
Therabbinic cultures are also overly excessive on matters regardingutilization of different utensils, cookery, dishes which are notexpresses within the biblical ritual laws. Though the rabbinical lawsdiffer from the biblical laws to a certain degree, the individualsfollowing them are motivated by God’s word within the Torah. Theystill thrive to do what is pleasant within His sight. The rabbis havefaith in God and His word and generally have the same attitudetowards the moral aspects.
TheBible makes a list of relations that are not allowed but ratherconsidered incestuous the rabbis have subsequently added a few. TheBible also forbids work on Shabbat the rabbis say, "If it hasno use on Shabbat, don`t even handle it! The same applies with manyother laws that provide prohibitions
Nachmanideshas provided out that fences have been made which are very good andnecessary, as long as we understand that this is a fence, and notabsolutely from God in His Bible. In other words the Bible hasprohibited the changing of its content but what the Rabbis have addedis for the good of the Bible by creating fences that guide the Law [ CITATION Tzv09 l 2057 ].
Theselaws are not directly from the Bible, but they are Biblenevertheless. This is because the Bible itself commands us to buildbarriers in place around its prohibitions but only when they areinevitable. It says, "Keep the Children of Israel away fromimpurity!” It also says, "Guard My guarding!" Thisdirectly translates to a situation whereby if the spiritualleadership realizes that the immediate or future generation hasgreater temptation and enticements than the previous generations, orthat the people in that generation simply cannot be attentive topotential danger as before, then it`s high time to include somewarnings to detain them further at bay.
Forexample when people begin to engage in business activities on Shabbatthe remedy would be to inform and affirm that money would not beexchanged for the entire day. If women are being molested or evensexually harassed then the counteractive move would be to prohibitany man to have any form of relations or private interactions withany woman to whom he is not directly related as a spouse or familymember
Prohibitionswithout barriers are likened to books that lack covers because aftera given period of time, some pages will be lost and they might becontaining the sweetest parts of the story or a garden of beautifulflowers in the town square without a fence where, people and animalscan trample upon if it’s not adequately guarded. This thereforerequires proper understanding of fences which will guide us in themaking of an important distinction on what the fence is and also whatis a garden[ CITATION Tzv09 l 2057 ].
Withregard to this, Eve was not able to make the difference. She repliedto the snake that, "God says not to eat from it and not to touchit, lest we die." Thereafter, the snake pestered and convincedher to go against the Law of God and yet she did not die, then herwhole argument was subdued completely. All the serpent had to do wasconvince her was that the only valid reason as to why she was not toeat from the tree was because God didn`t want her to understandthings as He did and that was enough to do the damage. As the Midrashputs it, the fence fell and the garden was crushed.
Fromthis understanding we can now be confident to agree that theadditions by the rabbis to the Biblical account was necessary tomaintain and uphold the virtues of the Torah and as long as themeaning and the purpose has not been altered by the additions thenthe same additions serve to strengthen the Bible.
TheRabbis have not failed to mention anything in the Bible. Actually,their teachings have only strengthened the Bible by additional lawsor rather clauses that locks down possible loopholes. For example inmarriages, divorce has been allowed but the rules were tightened toan extent where rabbinical courts had to be involved in thedecision-making process. Polygamy was also discouraged and monogamyinsisted upon. In addition, the Rabbis also practiced business withpeople who understood the necessary requirement such as buying meatfrom a person who understood the standard of meat that would not beconsidered as unclean or even defiled[ CITATION Tra11 l 2057 ]
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Rich, Tracey R. “Rabbis, Priests, and Other Religious Functionaries.” 2011. Judaism 101. 26 October 2015 <http://www.jewfaq.org/rabbi.htm>.