ISLAMIC IN THE MODERN WORLD 6 Islamicin the Modern WorldIslamicIn the Modern WorldEuropeanColonialism and Muslim’s views on PoliticsThelegacy of the European colonialism shaped the views of Muslim onpolitics since the growing European power influence in all thecreation of Western-oriented political elites and modern states amongthe Muslims. The new elites used this state in creating a moresecular society and gain control over the socio life. The colonialismsought to separate the religious scholars from traditional economiclivelihood source to make them dependent on the state. Theyalso reformulated educational curriculum, law to reduce the controlof the religious scholars over the society (Loomba,2015)
TheMuslims must be free from a literal interpretation of religioustradition and encouraged to have a new interpretation on Islamictradition. There was no incompatibility the Islam is fundamentallyinherent with modern values. The state role is political autocracywas accepted as a tool of serving Islam. Nevertheless, the rulerscould not take the religion of legitimacy tyranny. Rulers shouldserver and not the other way around (Loomba,2015)
Muslimfit in Nation State Idea
Inthe modern context, after nation states creation, the states havebeen the dominant form of political organization. The recent stateshave taken various forms: authoritarian, democratic, religious, andsecular. Before the 1950s, most of the States were under were underthe authoritarian rule. Between the 60s and 50s, the tendency ofmodernizing and secularizing was evident. These rules were interestedin eliminating religion in public life to transform the Muslimsociety (Norris& Inglehart, 2012).
Recently,the trend has been reversed, most of the Muslims call for morereligious states such as religion playing role in life. The growinginfluence of the European power is all over the Muslim world. Thegrowing influence of European world led to creation of Western andmodern states oriented political elites among Muslims. The new elitesused in creating secular society and gain control over the socialrole. The Muslims are freed from the literal interpretation ofreligious interpretation of Islamic tradition (Norris& Inglehart, 2012).
Integrationof the Host countries
Likeother communities, the Muslims seek to maintain their habits andculture. The perceived conflict revolves around the conflict betweenthe host and the new immigration. Integration is cloaked betweenWestern and Islam values incompatibility secularism and Islam. Evenif the community and individual with to integrate, there are queriesof whether or not, they will be accepted by most communities. TheIslam is seen as a rival to Christianity. There are stereotypes ofIslamness were seen as Muslim regarding their nationality. In thehost countries, the story of Islam is parallel of immigration. Thefact remains that the US is the home for the largest indigenousMuslim.
Contrastand Compare the Muslim in Europe and US
TheMuslim was attracted to the UK and us when neo-liberal policiespresented incentives for them to migrate. Both United States and theUnited Kingdom embrace pluralism and also encourages diversity.Surveillance was intensified, and policy was reversed, the homelandpolicy went to effect. The former immigrants suffered discriminationand racism. In the United States, discrimination and prejudiceagainst the Muslims were extended to ethnic groups of Arabs. In theUnited Kingdom, this tendency has conflated the community from SouthAsia in monolithic Muslim category rather than the members of theethnic group. The responses Muslim to the policy included themilitant attacks, perpetuated Islam image as a threat to Westernvalues. Islam phobia was on the rise and became a political vehicleof the politicians benefited from such antagonism. The main contrastis the emphasis of maintaining demand of assimilation and maintainingdiversity. The common law in the United Kingdom accommodatesreligious pluralism and expression of religion.
3.Experience of Muslim in Iran different Egypt
IranShah separated religion and politics. The clerical class wasconsidered to be an obstacle. Ulama were ordered to replace theirfree flowing and turban with European style suites and hats.Religious instruction included Quran were not offered in publicschool. The religious endowment administration was placed in control.The Islam religion of militant individual who are committed tojustice and truth, the Influence of the Western power and culture onthe Iranian society and exploitation of resource was a major duringthe Revolution campaign.
Incontrast to Egypt, the secular Arab nationalism took form after AbdelNasser and his free officer in the disposed military monarchy. Arabnational identity was promoted based on religion but on a commonhistory, language and culture. Religious and education institutionwere supported but religious scholar under direct government control(Voas& Fleischmann, 2012).
Experiencesaffected Ideal State
Theexperiences affected the ideal state between the state and Islam. TheIslamic society needed a close association between the political andreligious authority has been a perennial debate for Muslims. Thepolitical and religious leadership should be combined in a singleperson. Negotiation and competition were that the Muslim scholarsstruggled to maintain independence from the state at the same timethe rules should limit, regulate and cooperate. Labor division wasmanifested during the Abbasids dynasty (Voas& Fleischmann, 2012).
Loomba,A. (2015). Colonialism/post-colonialism.Routledge
Norris,P., & Inglehart, R. F. (2012). Muslim integration into Westerncultures: Between origins and destinations. PoliticalStudies,60(2),228-251.
Voas,D., & Fleischmann, F. (2012). Islam moves west: religious changein the first and second generations. Annualreview of sociology,38,525-545.