Leadershipis a word that can be explained in different ways depending on whereit has been placed. Leadership can either be regarding an individualor an organization. According to toYukl (2002) leadership involvesone having the ability to guide subjects, co-workers, friends, andclassmates among others. Most people tend to define leadershipaccording to the environment. For instance, the definition ofleadership by the citizens of United States is different from that inEurope. In the United States a leader is considered as an individualof an academic endowment, has a social influence over the people andable to provide support to others to achieve a task or just torealize their dreams. On the other hand, in Europe a leadership isnot viewed regarding education but viewed regarding communitarianaspects and the drive for power.
Nomatter the originality of someone regarding the environment, age,location, position, or work leaders are always viewed to have asingle character that he/she is expected of to uphold. Leaders areexpected to display the following features. First, motivate as wellas inspire people around them, have the ability to create clearvision, share the vision with the rest of the people, and provide away forward towards achieving the vision. They also need to solve anydisputes and brawls that arise from the subjects, or the team or thegeneral public. Leaders can be of different kinds, political leaders,church (spiritual) leaders, non-governmental leaders, institutionalleaders, team leaders among other types. All these leaders must havepersonalities that are favorable to the general community.
Leadersare always admired either because of their good work or their goodleadership skills. A good leadership skill is always influenced bythe personality of the person. Personality can be defined either as aconglomeration of temperaments, characteristics or qualities thatrender him/her different from the others or as the famousness of theperson. Regarding leadership, the characters are what matters. Thereis quite some personality that leaders always possess. A leader canbe an advocate, mediator, protagonist, campaigner, entertainer,logistician, defender, consulter, executive among others. The mostimportant personalities of all the various ones are the executive,counsel, and campaigner.
Insituations of political or management, all the kinds of personalitymatter as a requirement for leadership. In fact, leaders in a workenvironment and political environment are always evaluated tounderstand their personality. In health care environment somepersonalities matter than others. Personalities in the health sectorare not personalities that somebody can develop overnight like forthe case of politicians, governmental or management. Judge, Bono,Ilies, and Gerhardt (2002) explain that health care sectors needpeople who are patient, understanding and caring. It is, therefore,very advisable to have natural care personality in the case of healthcare sector, and that is inborn.
Personalitieslike counsel are a major character that is a requirement for healthcare environment. A consul personality is a personality that is verymuch appreciated in the health care sector. A consul individual is aperson that is extraordinarily caring. The consul people are alwayswilling to help to make them popular to their subject. They are verygood at social skills. Stordeur, D`hoore and Vandenberghe (2001)argue that a sick person needs a consul person to feel the sense ofbelonging and also to be able to feel loved. Another personality thatleaders at a center health mush possess is the entertainerpersonality. Entertainers are people who are so energetic, andenthusiastic. Such people make life enjoyable and bring a sense oflife in a person. Sick people need entertainers to make the feelhappy.
Whenaspiring to be a leader, one must, therefore, have the personalitiesthat are needed for good leadership. The individuals must alsounderstand the aspect of the personalities so that they can be ableto show their good personalities to the world, community, and eventheir team. The most common aspects of personalities areagreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness toexperience.
Eachof the aspects of personality has its specific facets. As much as aperson may have wonderful personalities, the aspects of personalitymatters too. The aspect of agreeableness involves being trustworthy,morally upright, cooperative, modest, and sympathetic. Without suchfacets of personality, personality becomes useless.Conscientiousness, on the other hand, is an aspect of personalitythat deals and encompasses, self –efficacy of the person,orderliness, cautiousness, self-discipline and striving to achieve.
Theother two aspects of personalities are the openness to experiencewhich has the facets encompassing imagination, artistic interests,emotions, adventurousness, and liberal mind. Extraversion encompassesthe facets of being friendly, being assertive, being cheerful andbeing active.
Leadershipskills are therefore important characteristics that people mustunderstand depending on their environment. A person who aspires to bea leader must, therefore, should be aware of the Leadershippersonalities and the aspects of various personalities. A good leaderwho understands his/her environment is, therefore, a better leader ascompared to the leader who doesn`t understand the personalities thatapply. Good leadership must be shown by the kind of the aspect ofpersonality facets.
Judge,T. A., Bono, J. E., Ilies, R., & Gerhardt, M. W. (2002).Personality and leadership: a qualitative and quantitative review.Journalof applied psychology,87(4),765.
Stordeur,S., D`hoore, W., & Vandenberghe, C. (2001). Leadership,organizational stress, and emotional exhaustion among hospitalnursing staff. Journalof advanced nursing,35(4),533-542.
Yukl,G. A. (2012). Leadershipin organizations.U.S.A: PrenticeHall 8 edition.