Technologyand Urbanization Impact the Environment and Nature
Since the rapidtechnological developmental, people have started to think that theirdependency on technology, more so in urban areas, has surpass theirneed for better environment and nature, even when there is no prooffor it. It is argued that since the advancement in urbanization as aresult of improvement in technology, as become the order of thecurrent generation, they have failed to result the effects on theenvironment that comes with it. Because of technology, all manner ofpollution on the environment, especially in urban areas, cannotreplace the friendly nature in itself. Through urbanization,technology was not invented to impact negatively, but to help improveit instead. The paper therefore, argues about one currentenvironmental problems urbanizing, drawing some quotes from WendellBerry’s “An Entrance to the Woods.”
To begin with,taking a look at Wendell Berry’s “An Entrance to the Woods,” ittalks about a man who goes camping in one of the weekends in thewilderness to be away from his now habitual urban lifestyle (Berry374). On his trip, he comes to terms with his metaphorical place inthe woods made by mankind. He continues to struggle with some of thenegative effects that accompany urbanizing and the incessant progressform nature and mankind. According to Goudie (54), urbanization, withthe help of technology, aims at improving people’s nature and wayof life, but not to replace it. Since civilization, urbanizing assistto make do with some of the things nature left us with. Taking amodern house for example, it was certainly not made by theenvironmental forces, but through urbanizing, it certainly providedthings to build them.
Berry’s genius in“An Entrance to the Woods,” lies in his application of diction toinnocently use both the activism and natural personas to come up witha stance and imagery to drag the reader towards their own thoughts,which has been manipulated by the narrator’s perspective.Urbanizing, taking a look at the negative effects, is as a result ofpeople’s need to blindly embrace their selfish needs without payingclose attention the impact it will have on the environment. Drawingrelevance from Berry’s book, the narrator having settled in thewoods, slowed down his pace, and he became aware of his ownsurrounding.
The woods forinstance, give a clear comparison with individuals from urbansetting. The natural world, for example the woods, helps one torealize that people should slow down and pay close attention to theharmful effects of blindly embracing technology and the harmfuleffects of their actions for example, cutting down trees for charcoaland building modern housing. “Wilderness is an element whereby welive influenced by civilization just like the mollusk is encased inhis shell deep in the sea, while it characterizes the wilderness thatis dangerous, beautiful, oblivious of us, abundant, second-guessed,and mysterious” (Berry 377). Away from the human façade and theiractivities, the natural environment is kept out of sight from humanactions, camouflaged from the edifices and business of the humansociety.
Increase inpopulation has continued to have a powerful force on the environment.With the agricultural advent, there is continued change on theenvironment. With technological advancement and industrialrevolution, human activities continue to affect the atmosphere.According to Walker (12) urbanizing in the 18th centurystood at about 2% of the world’s total population. Today,urbanizing has led to creation of some of the mot unhealthiest placesfor living. The narrator in Berry’s “An Entrance to the Woods,”mused that “as I look around, I can only see narrow deep harrowsand narrow ridges, all covered with trees.” Here, the narrator istrying to say that back then, before urbanization began to felt,nature used to take its course. It needed no help from human beingsto change they used to do it on their own since it was their nature.
Its impact on theenvironment is drawn from the fact that urbanization is as a resultof increase in population in urban areas. Urban migration is drivenforward by the desire of rural population to move to the cities. Thisis because Goudie (61) noted that there are greater opportunities ofacquiring education, social amenities, health care services, andentertainment. On the flip side however, urbanizing comes along withnumerous disadvantages, especially on the environment. This isbecause the environment is changed through food, energy, land, andwater. In turn, polluted environment negatively affects the qualityof health and life of the urban people.
Urbanizing causesall kinds of pollution. This is why the narrator in Berry’s “AnEntrance to the Woods” marveled at the serenity of the woods. Hesays, “The quiet of the woods has ceased to be something that Iobserve now it is something that I am part of” (Berry, 379). Fromwhere he is seated in the midst of the island of wilderness, thenarrator is cautious about the noise made by the flywheel of abuilding in speed. He finds it to not be as attractive as he hadthought, but yet he finds it impossible to escape (Berry 377). Here,it is evident the narrator is worried about the rapid rise in thenumber of buildings.
Urbanizing affectsthe regional environment in a broader perspective. From largerindustrial complexes, regional downwind continues to increase withthe amount of precipitation, thunderstorms, and air pollution.Urbanizing not only affect the general availability of rain, but alsoreduce the general infiltration of water, both the lower and upperwater table (Walker 21). This means that run off will be based on therapidity of peak flows, flood volumes, and increase in waterpollution downstream.
According to Walker(31), urbanizing comes with health implications, which includesdifferent kinds of infections for example, infectious and parasiticinfections. To solve the problem, a supply of clean water should bemandated. However, most of the effects of urban areas on the naturalenvironment are not linear as such. Again, most of the small urbanareas can also result in large problems. It should be noted that thethings that determine the environmental impact is the manner in whichurban people behave and their living patterns.
On the other hand,urbanizing also has positive impacts. In terms of concentration ofresources, the environment is not that much impacted. Goudie (45)since majority of urban settlement is established near the naturalresources since the ancient times, most of the resources areavailable around the city. Again, in terms of efficiency,urbanization often provides efficiency than other areas. Basicamenities such as the electricity, technology, and fresh water areconstantly available. Recycling and research programs areaccommodated and around the area.
In conclusion,urbanizing couple with rise in technology continue to pose moredanger to the environment. Based on Berry’s “An Entrance to theWoods,” the paper identifies the serenity that comes along withnatural environment. The narrator focuses on the need for the woodsto stay intact, and away from human activities, which are likely tocause imbalance within the environment. Urbanizing also comes withits positive impact such as efficiency and convenience to itsdwellers. However, it continues to cause more environment negativeeffects than good.
Berry, Wendall. AnEntrance on the Woods. 1981. Print.
Goudie, Andrew. The Human Impact on the Natural Environment.Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2000. Print.
Walker, Colin. Ecotoxicology: Effects of Pollutants on the NaturalEnvironment. , 2014. Internet resource.