Long-Term Care



LTCrefers to health as well as health-related services that are offeredwith the objective of maximizing the independence and the wellbeingof individuals with functional disabilities (Evashwick &amp Riedel,2004). This implies that long-term care refers to a comprehensiverange of services that aim at helping that aim at helping people withlong-term conditions lead a normal life.

Examplesof LTC services

LTCinvolves a wide range of services, including functional support,extended care, acute care, ambulatory care, and housing among others.Functional support is a category of services (including transport,chore services, and grocery shopping) that are offered to olderadults who have either lost part of their cognitive ability or cannotperform activities of daily living (Evashwick &amp Riedel, 2004).

Sub-acutecare refers to a category of LTC services (such as skilled nursing,transitional care, and sub-acute care) that are offered to olderadults in need of specialized nursing care (Evashwick &amp Riedel,2004). This category of services may be appropriate for older adultswho are in the process of recovery after undergoing surgery.

Thethird category of LTC services is acute care services, which includesrehabilitation, geriatric assessment, and psychiatric care (Evashwick&amp Riedel, 2004). In most cases, acute care services do not targetthe long-term illness, but the short-term or urgent medicalconditions that affect the well-being of people suffering from otherlong-term conditions or old age.

Fourth,ambulatory care services include a range of services offered topeople suffering from LT conditions, but on the basis of outpatientsetting (Evashwick &amp Riedel, 2004). These clients may receiveservices, such as diagnosis, observation, rehabilitation, andconsultation from a physician office or an outpatient clinic withoutbeing admitted in a LTC facility.

Lastly,housing services involve the provision of shelter to persons withlong-term conditions or bringing them to a common living facility(Evashwick &amp Riedel, 2004). This type of services targetsindividuals who have lost their cognitive functions and cannot domost of their daily activities.


LTCservices focus on medical as well as non-medical needs of individualsliving with long-term conditions. LTC services vary depending on theneeds of each group of clients.


Evashwick,C &amp Riedel, J. (2004). ManagingLong term care in managing long term care.Washington, DC: Association of University programs in HealthAdministration.