MORAL STATUS THEORY 5
Thefetus’ moral status has become a common phenomenon in thecontemporary debates on ethical of various initiatives which can betaken. The medical and religious platforms have been in a constantstruggle over the moral status of the fetus. This is because someinitiatives acceptable medically like abortion are ethically wrongaccording to the religious background. There are, however, fourtheories which can be employed in determining the moral status of afetus namely sentience theory, relationships theory, cognitiveproperties theory and moral agency theory as the document analyzes.
Thereare various theories which were being used by Marco, Jessica, Dr.Wilson and Maria in determining the fetus’s moral status. Jessicawas using the sentience theory while Marco was using therelationships theory. Maria, on the other hand, used the cognitiveproperties theory while Dr. Wilson utilized the moral agency theory(Beauchamp& Childress, 2009).The sentience theory implies that people’s moral status is based onfeeling or suffering. Jessica was suffering emotionally. She was inbetween deciding the pain of losing her child or increasedindependence once the child is born disabled. She is hence sufferingemotionally in making the decision that will be morally upright forthe child.
Marco,on the other hand, utilized the relationships theory. In theresolution of this scenario he considers the relationship withJessica very important and hence was requesting Dr. to refraintelling Jessica the truth of the diagnosis (Becker,2000).He was mindful of her state of mind on getting information of herstatus. Dr. Wilson, however, employed the moral agency in making hisverdict concerning the status of Jessica’s status. The theoryimplies that moral judgment is left to be made by the moral agents.These are the people who can judge the actions on the basis of theirinherent wrongness or rightness.
Maria,on the other hand, implemented the cognitive properties theory. Thisis the theory that implies that a person can engage themselves inreasonable and purposeful volition, reasoning and language. Sherevealed herself in a perfect and stable state of reasoning, volitionand communication to make a moral judgment that is morally uprightfor the fetus (Timmons,2013). Sheindicated that Jessica was supposed to let God’s intention standbut not to terminate the pregnancy. Every theory had an influence tothe action that would be recommended to be taken.
Jessica’stheory was leading her in a dilemma. Chances are that she could beswayed to accept to terminate the pregnancy due to fear of theunknown. This theory is, therefore, likely to recommend the fetus tobe killed. Marco’s theory, on the other hand, is also likely tothreaten the life of the fetus (Becker,2000).This is because she is more concerned with Jessica and forgets thefetus. This implies that Jessica’s decision will be final since hewill be okay with either of her decision. This implies the fetus islikely to be adversely affected morally. Dr. Wilson’s theory willautomatically lead to the termination of the pregnancy since hisproposal was to abort on the grounds that the fetus is likely to beborn disabled. Maria’s theory, however, is likely to help the fetuslive since she claimed that it would be wise to allow the will of Godstand.
Iagree with Maria’s theory which is the cognitive properties theory.This is because it upholds the well-being of the fetus morallycomprehensively (Beauchamp& Childress, 2009).This theory will influence the action recommendation in that thepregnancy will not be terminated. The science behind the developmentof a fetus is solely based on God. Termination of the pregnancy onwhichever grounds threatens the fetus’ life adversely from a moralperspective. The theory will, therefore, enable Jessica to say no toabortion and hence protect the moral rights of the fetus. It willensure that the fetus lives rather its life would not be terminated.
Thediscussion above reveals that there are four different theories thatcan be employed to determine the moral status of a fetus. Everymember who was involved in determining the best intervention employeda distinct theory. However, every theory has its recommendationbehind it. Implementation of any of the theories, therefore, willaffect the life of the fetus either positively or adversely. However,it is important to perceive the life of the fetus as a life of anormal human being that deserves to be honored and to considerGodliness when making decisions.
Beauchamp,T. L., & Childress, J. F. (2009). Principlesof biomedical ethics.New York: Oxford University Press.
Becker,G. K. (2000). Themoral status of persons: Perspectives on bioethics.Amsterdam [u.a.: Rodopi.
Timmons,M. (2013). Moraltheory: An introduction.New York: Wiley.