MY WAR MEMORIES 8
TheFirst World War is undeniably one of the events of the 20th centurythat had the most detrimental effects to the globe. The 20thcentury was an epoch characterized by political upheavals such ascolonialism, immigrations, racism among other political events.Commonly known as the as the Great War, the First World War was thefirst war in the modern era. Though the world war was triggered bynumerous reasons, historical discords contend that the major cause ofthe World War 1 was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand ofAustria-Hungary in Sarajevo the capital city of Serbia (Strachan,2011).Archduke was attending a peace conference in Serbia, a conferencethat was intended to bring peace in Balkan Peninsula. During this warthe world experienced devastation, economic lapse, death and immensedestruction of property. According to Strachan(2011), the four years of the world war one left approximatelyfifteen million people dead. Millions were maimed, displaced,crippled and psychologically tortured. Most scholars refer to theFirst World War as the first man made predicament of the twentiethcentury. It is evident thatsome of the effects of the First WorldWar are still evident today. Though the major cause of the war wasthe murder of the Archduke, there were many other reasons thattriggered the war. Such causes include militarism, nationalism,imperialism and alliances among the European nations. After the endof the war, the globe witnessed immense cultural, political, socialand economic fragmentation even in the states that were not directlyinvolved in the war. The aftermath of the First World War was aperiod characterized by formation of new states, abolishing of oldstates as well as the formation of international and regionalorganizations .Europe for instance, was plagued by inflation aspessimism became life’s new outlook to many people especially afterwitnessing the brutality of the war. The first world was therefore aturning point in the history of man. According toStrachan(2011), the political upheavals and conflicts of today can beattributed to the First World War. The intent of this paper is toexplore the predicaments caused by the first world war through aclose analysis of Erich Ludendorff’s mywar memories1914-1918.
ErichLudendorff was a German general appointed in august 1914 when worldwar one was at its apogee. Erich was a key figure in Germany’sparticipation in the war. This therefore depicts that Erich was afirst hand witness of the atrocities and the injustices that resultedfrom World War 1. In his piece of wok therefore, Erick presentsauthentic and reliable data on the predicament that befell the worldduring this war. The fact that Germany lost in the First World Wardepicts that Germany was a central power in the war. Erich wastherefore a disappointed man after his country lost in this war.
Inhis memoir, MyWar Memories 1914-1918,Ludendorff’s presents a personal story about the political ,socialand economic impacts of the first world war .Being a front man in theGermany army, Erich came across some of the major murders and turmoilthat were perpetuated to both soldiers and innocent citizens throughout the period of the war .a close scrutiny of MyWar Memories 1914-1918ascertains that the book encompasses largely personal encounters thatErich came across during the first world war. The author utilizes hispersonnel experiences to elucidate what transpired during the FirstWorld War. After his appointment as the quartermaster general Erichbecame the chief engineer in German’s war strategies during thefirst world war .After Germany lost the war followed by thetermination of the war in 1918, Ludendorff resigned from his job in1918.
Afterresignation, Erich became a prolific nationalist leader in Germany.This move was instigated by the Erich’s belief that the German armyhad been betrayed by republicans and Marxists. During all thisduration, Ludendorff possessed strong military thoughts and hepostulated that peace is a just an interval between many wars. As aresult, he advocated for the mobilization of people’s moral andphysical forces. According Ludendorff this was the only mechanismthrough which Germany was going to win any war in future (Strachan,2011).He presented these assertions in his famous theory of total war thathe published in 1935.
Justbefore the First World War, Ludendorff led Germany successfully inthe battle of the liege. This made him more recognized in Germany.However, Russia had already prepared and ready to send its troops toattack Germany. Due to the superiority of the Russian troops, Germanarmy began withdrawing, moving towards east of Prussia. All thistime, Erich was the chief managing officer of the German army. Theauthor’s major strategy in the war was unrestricted submarinewarfare to attack his enemies. To ensure that Germany fully conqueredother territories he ensured Germanization and German settlements ofthe conquered areas as well as the expulsions of the populationsaround the conquered territories. Though in his memoir, mywar memoirsLudendorff denies having advocated establishing Crimea as a Germanycolony, historical discords assert that Crimea became a Germanycolony during Ludendorff’s regime as the front man in the Germanyarmy during the First World War.
Accordingto Strachan,(2011),though Ludendorff was not technically a dictator, he was undeniablythe most powerful man in Germany between 1914-1918,a period thatwitnessed the first world’s war.
of the book
Ludendorffwrote his book mywar memoriesin 1920 after the signing of the armistice. He wrote his book whilein asylum in Sweden. Ludendorff had gone in Sweden for exile afterhis organized coup de that failed. The key assertion in mywar memories 1914-1915is that according to Ludendorff, Germany’s army was unbeaten. Heposits that Germany lost as a result of betrayal by Germany’s leftwing politicians. Mywar memories 1914-1918is a 420 pages encounter of the first world war where Ludendorfftakes us through the pre war days, how the war began, the zenith ofthe war and the events that followed after the war. The memoir istherefore basically an account of Erich’s experience on the FirstWorld War. However, according to Strachan(2011),Erich’s memoir is subjective and biased in a way since Ludendorffpresents what his personal opinions rather than the reality thattranspired. The book has therefore triggered different assertions onits credibility. Many historians argue that Germany indeed lost inworld war. At the same time Germany perpetuated colonial ideologiesduring the war colonizing states such as Crimea. However, accordingto Ludendorff, in his memoir, he disputes and denies these claimsasserting that Germany was not defeated rather Germany’s army wasbetrayed by side politicians in the government.
Itshould be noted that Ludendorff was a front man during the war.Germany’s loss in the war was therefore a big blow to Ludendorff ona personal level. Ostensibly, the author wrote the memoir as defensemechanism that Germany did not lose the war. Admitting that Germanyreally lost the war will give a negative impression about the thenGermany government where he was a prominent man. Many scholars haveargued that though the memoir presents real and verifiable factsabout world war one, it is clear that some of the sentiments in thebook are subjective and not credible in any way.
However,being an enormous and a prestigious man in the Germany army makes hisbook highly acclaimed not only in Germany but also across the globe.In his introduction note of the memoir, Ludendorff highlights that hedid not make any tangible evidence of the events of the war. Therefore, what he provides in his memoir is chiefly based on hismemory. He further notes that his memoir is all about cherish abledeeds of the then Germany army during the First World War. They arethus deeds that Germans born after the war should take in heart andappreciate their government during the war. He also articulates thathis efforts and contribution in the war were great and he believesthat he did the best he could have done as the army commander.
Erickbegins his book by providing his background information on his lifeas a child his schooling, his military and his career in politics. Inhis memoir, the author provides his career path in the military andas the book unfolds it is evident that Ludendorff was the drivingforce in Germany’s war tactics in the First World War. The authorwas therefore a key player in the war. According toStrachan (2011),Ludendorff was actually the most powerful man during the war thoughhe usually recognized and respected the office of von Hindenburg whowas his senior in the commanding team.
Noteworthyaspects of the memoir
Aftera close scrutiny of mywar memories 1914-1918,I have ascertained numerous facts about world war one. It is evidentfrom the memoir that Germany was the first nation to use flamethrowers. Their jets could fire flames up to 40 meters. Other Factualinformation that I have discerned from this memoir is thatapproximately 65 million people participated in the war .Thesemilitary soldiers came from more than thirty different states. Themost interesting fact about Erich’s memoir is that though Germanylost the war, the German government up to date has never admittedthat they lost the battle.
Anotherfact that I have garnered from the memoir is that nearly 15 millionsoldiers succumbed to death while twenty million soldiers wereinjured. Moreover, a third of the military deaths were accounted forby the Spanish flu. Additionally, despite Russia’s withdrawal fromthe war, the Russian government had recruited the largest number oftroops in the war. The number of Russian troops was approximately 12million. However, three quarter of the troops were murdered.
Ina nut shell, the memoir offers an explicit encounter of thepredicament that befell Germany as state, its army soldiers as wellas the citizens. Though the memoir has elicited major debates andcontroversies about the credibility of Ludendorff’s assertions, mypersonal opinion is that much of the information that the authorpresents is true and authentic. This is based on my prior researchand information about the First World War
Ludendorff,E. (1919). Mywar memories, 1914-1918.London: Hutchinson & Co.
Strachan,H. (2011). TheFirst World War.Oxford [England]: Oxford University Press.