Intheir article, Baack, & Alfred (2013) noted a rapid increase inthe prevalence of both natural and human-orchestrated disasters inthe recent years. Factors accounting for the increased prevalence ofthese disasters include worldwide civil unrest that lead tohuman-induced disasters, high populations inhabiting coastal regionsand new infectious illnesses with pandemic potential. This phenomenontrend exerts pressure on nurses who serve vital roles in attempts tomitigate the consequences of these disasters. The research purposewas to describe the present status of nurses’ readiness to handlingthe myriad and diverse disasters to help communities and healthcareinstitutions reinforce their emergency response programs.
Theliterature review shows that many nurses in most states in the U.S.are largely not ready or prepared to respond to and addresssignificant disasters. Age and limited acknowledge and training inlargely affects mitigation. Furthermore, there exist scarce studiesfocusing on disaster in the nursing niche. There is lack ofunderstanding concerning nurses’ perception of their functions andresponsibilities and preparation for offering safe and effectiveservice during and after the occurrence of a disaster. On top ofthat, knowledge and skills in handling mass-casualty or mass-incidentand disaster readiness remain insufficient, and research focusing onnursing readiness to disasters is still limited.
Thestudy utilized some aspects of Self-determinism Theory (SDT) as thenursing framework. In light of SDT, this study set out to investigatethe particular factors that may influence nurses’ actions torealize personal growth and development to be ready for significantdisaster incidences.
Thisstudy involved three study questions: (1) what is the perceivedcompetence of rural based nurses concerning their readiness todisaster? (2) Which of the factors (personal difference,self-regulation, and hospital climate – most impact perceivednurses’ competence regarding disaster preparedness? and (3) Does apredictive relationship exist between self-regulation indices and theperceived nurse’s competence in readiness to disaster? Thehypothesis of the study was that there exist a correlation betweennurses’ readiness and their perceived competence in handlingdisasters. The three major variables included personal difference,self-regulation, and hospital climate.
Itemployed a descriptive, correlational design to assess the nurses’readiness for disaster response. The design was appropriate becausethe study necessitated identifying and describing relationshipsbetween the study variables. This research is valid because itpenetrated into an area that has received little attention fromresearchers. Also, it focused on an emerging issue facing the nursingcommunity. Moreover, it used appropriate design, participants, sampleand sample size, as well as analytical tools. Additionally, theresearch is efficacious as it shade more light on the limited nurses’preparedness to disaster and suggest effective strategies forenhancing nurses’ readiness and competence to disaster management.
Inlight of ethical issues, the study used human participants butensured their protection and confidentiality of any detail theyshared with the researchers. Moreover, the study adopted a culturaldiversity perspective in an attempt to incorporate participants fromdifferent cultural backgrounds. The study universe contained 2,480nurses, and a listwise deletion alongside the use of G-Power 3.1.0online program was used to arrive at a representative sample of 620nurses. The study found out that most nurses lack confidence inresponding to significant disaster events. Self-regulation was anessential predictor of perceived nurse competence to handlingdisasters, but only to nurses’ willingness to face the riskengaging in a disaster event. Healthcare climate does determinedisaster readiness. Nevertheless, the results of this research willhelp nurses boost their confidence abilities in managing disasters.
Baack,S., & Alfred, D. (2013). Nurses’ preparedness and perceivedcompetence in managing disasters. Journalof Nursing Scholarship,45(3),281-287.