Agriculturalrevolution: The cotton harvester in retrospect
Overthe years, the agricultural sector has undergone numeroustransformations in terms of farm labor. Initially, most of the workin the farms was perfumed by people. However, with increasedtechnology, farm machineries have been invented a factor that hascompletely replaced human labor.
Beforethe 20th Century epoch, much of the farm labor was manual. It was a periodcharacterized by deportation of slave workers especially from Africato work in their colonies’ farms.
1930’s to 1980’s
Accordingto Peterson & Kislev (1981), during this duration, the farm laborforce in the U.S reduced by almost two thirds. At the same time,machinery labor increased tremendously. During this period, most ofthe work in the farms was being performed by machines. This was dueto the fact that machinery technology was at its apogee and as aresult most farmers could easily afford the farm machineries.Evidently, the new mechanical technology had almost replaced orpushed human labor out of agricultural farms. In the duration between1950 and 1960, the decline of human labor in firms declineddramatically since the period was characterized by technologicalexplosion of labor displacing farming technologies. Most scholars andagriculturalists agreed that mechanization had greatly pushed outmanual work in the agricultural farms a factor that greatly led tounemployment and slow economic growth in the United States.Apparently, due to the technological advancement, the same phenomenonis evident as most of the farmers use farm machines to carry outtheir farming activities. One notable field that experienced immensechange is cotton farming. The innovation of the cotton harvester ledto the emergence of a new era in the harvesting of cotton. Mostpeople lost their jobs in the cotton farms.
Itis evident that the adoption of farm machinery is an efficientagricultural technique. At the same time, mechanization leads tounemployment since people’s labor is automatically replaced bymachinery.
Peterson,W., & Kislev, Y. (1981). Thecotton harvester in retrospect.St. Paul, Minn.: Dept. of Agricultural and Applied Economics,University of Minnesota, Institute of Agriculture, Forestry and HomeEconomics.