Reading and Question

Readingand Question

TheRocking-Horse Winner

Inthe short story “The Rocking-Horse Winner”, Paul can beconsidered to be gifted and lucky at the same time. When introducedto him in the book, he is indicated as a small boy who is short toreceive a rocking horse as a Christmas present (Lawrence 24). Givinga rocking horse as a Christmas present can be seen as somethingextraordinary because even the reader is left asking whether the boywill be in a position to use the horse. However, because the boy isgifted, he ends up using the rocking horse in a way that it benefitshim. Paul is also gifted because he is focused. Unlike his mother andfather, he is ready to redeem the family from poverty. Although Paulis just a boy and boys are not emotionally equipped to handle seriousissues, he is seen to fit in well in dealing with emotional issueswhere he steps in to fill the shoes of his father Paul is capable ofsupporting his family with finances which is the role of the father.On the other hand, Paul can be seen as being lucky because he is in aposition to participate in a betting game and ends up winning. It isnot always possible to participate in a betting game and win money,not unless one has luck. So, Paul is seen as being lucky because heis in a position to make the right bet that wins him money.

ImagineThere’s No Heaven

Itcan be speculated that the life encounters of Rushdie may haveinfluenced his writing. In his writing of the letter “ImagineThere’s No God”, Rushdie ignores the role of religion inproviding answers to life (Stephens 34). He may be against the roleof religion in offering answers to life because, in his lifeencounters, he did not experience the assistance of religion.Rushdie, born as an Indian, did not have a lot of basis in his lifeencounters because he was a Muslim minority. In case he had devotedmuch of his life to a given religion, he could have discovered thatreligion is exceedingly significant while seeking answers to one’slife. Although from his writings he indicates that religion has norole in providing answers to life, I do not support his argumentsince religion is remarkably important in determining the course thatan individual takes in life. Religion can be used to shape theconduct of an individual, which can bring big changes in liferesulting in answering of some complex questions in life. Also, theexperience he had while growing while schooling as an expatriatemight also have a part in his writing. While Rushdie was sent toEngland to a private school, fellow students tormented him because hewas an Indian (Priskil 40). This might have formed the basis of hiswriting since he points out that as one grows up the human race growsup too. I tend to agree with this notion because the human race iscontinuing to have new experiences and growth due to globalization.

“ToHis Coy Mistress”

Thestructure of a dialectical argument is organized in three parts,which include the thesis, antithesis as well as the synthesis. Thethesis is used in stating the proposition, regardless of how obscureit seems. Alternatively, the antithesis follows the thesis and triesto contradict the thesis. It is after the author making the twoarguments that he/she ends up with a synthesis, where he/she makesconclusion of his/her proposition. This is the structure that is usedin the Marvell’s poem, “To His Coy Mistress”. In the poem, atthe time, has been used to indicate that the two lovers want to taketheir relationship to the next level where they can become sexuallyinvolved with one another. The first stanza of this poem indicatesthe “if” statement to the lover, which is the thesis of thewriting. In the first stanza, it is apparent that the author couldproperly admire the beauty of his love if and only if he hadsufficient time in the world (Marvell 57). Following the thesis inthe poem is the antithesis, where the poet makes it clear in thesecond stanza that life is not eternity. The second stanza negatesthe first stanza since the poet indicates that his love cannot be ina position to remain pure forever as her dead body rots. Finally, inthe third stanza, the poet makes his conclusion by indicating thatsince his mistress will rot when she dies, it is better for them toengage in sex while still young (Marvell 57). Therefore, this poemfollows the dialectical argument structure.

Namingof Parts

Inthe poem “Naming of Parts”, there are two different voices thatemerge. The first voice is that of an instructor, who offersdifferent instructions concerning a rifle. The second voice is thatof recruits the recruits are receiving different instructionsconcerning a rifle from the instructor (Wolosky 60). Although the twovoices share the same class, they differ in several aspects. One ofthe aspects that the two voices differ in concerns the knowledge thatthe two voices possess. The first voice has a lot of knowledge on theuse, and parts of a rifle however, the second voice does not havesufficient knowledge on the parts and application of a rifle. Thiscan be deduced from the misunderstanding that the recruits have whenbeing taught about the rifle. Besides, the two voices have adifference in the way they think. This is seen where the instructorhas an objective of teaching concepts concerning weapons applied inwar, but the recruits attempt to use the words of the instructor inthinking of a different place where war and weapons are non-existent(Wolosky 60). Furthermore, the kinds of rifle that the two voices useare different. The first voice uses an older version of a rifle,which has the parts as mentioned in the poem while the second voiceuses newer versions of the rifle that do not have some of the partsgiven this may be the reason why the instructor and recruits do notseem to understand one another. The primary reason for havingdifferences in the two voices is to emphasize the indication aclassroom setting in the poem in a classroom setting, the instructorhas a different view compared to the learner but they later come to aconverging point, where the recruits understand what the instructoris talking about.

Othello

Inthe play “Othello”, Othello can be considered to play a role inhis downfall because of his gullibility as well as his all-consumingjealousy. Because of his trusting nature, Othello gives in veryeasily to the manipulations of Iago.Iago hates Othello very much and is depicted as being angry withOthello promoting Cassio, who was an officer that had no battleexperience. From the start, the easy manipulation of Othello wasapparent since he had already been seen to be extremely trusting. Inthe play, Othello is depicted to extremely trust Desdemonatherefore, Iago knew very well he could use Desdemona and catchOthella (Potter48).The moment Iago came up with a plan to revenge himself, it did nottake so long before it became implemented on Othello. The plan ofagainst Othello was to make Cassio fall out of the grace of Othello.Iago knew that, once Cassio lost his position, he would do anythingto get the position back. Othello was made to believe a lie. Becauseof the pride that Othello had, he was driven to jealousy thatultimately led to his downfall.

“WhereAre You Going, Where Have You Been?”

Inthis fiction story by Joyce Oates, it cannot be said that some womenfind dangerous and unstable men more attractive compared to gentleand kind men. This can be supported through the short story ‘WhereAre You Going, Where Have You Been?`. In Oates’ story, Connie getsan invite from Eddie for dinner (Oatesand Elaine 75).Connie meets Eddie, and they spend around three hours together at arestaurant and later in an alley. In this case, Eddie may be used torepresent gentle and kind men this emanates from his actions ofinviting Connie and not forcing her to come along with him. In thestory, it was gentle of Eddie to host Connie and spend three hourstogether without having a single complaint. This is an indicationthat Connie had become attracted to a gentle and kind man. However,while walking on the parking lot, Connie came across a man that wasin a gold convertible. Without even saying a word to him, the mansmiled and told Connie that he would get her. Later in the story,this man appears to Connie, when she is alone in the house andintroduces himself as Arnold. This man represents the dangerous menthis can be supported by the idea that the man had, first of all,noticed the whereabouts of Connie’s family prior to making histhreatening visit to their home (Oatesand Elaine 76).Also, the man can be seen as dangerous because he was forcing Connieto go and spend time with him failure to which, she would never seeher mother again. Furthermore, the “Mistress of Spices” alsoindicates that women fall for gentle and kind men. This can beevidenced by Tilo falling for Doug who helps her in rebuilding herstore. Also, the idea can be supported by “The Princess Bride”,where Buttercup becomes attracted to Westley who is depicted in thenovel as being gentle.

MyLast Duchess

“MyLast Duchess” is a poem written by Robert Browning. The poem isbased on past events that involved Alfonso, the Duke of Ferrara, whoused to live in the 16thcentury. In the poem, Duke is the speaker and indicates that he isentertaining an agent whose intention is to negotiate Duke’smarriage. The Duke of Ferrara is talking to an agent who representsthe Count. When talking to him, Duke takes the Count Representativeupstairs where they get into the private gallery of Duke. It is here,that Duke shows the Count Representative several objects that are inhis gallery (Bloom76).One of the objects shown to the count agent is the portrait of theformer Duchess. After talking concerning the object, Duke took thecount agent downstairs in order to continue with their businesshowever, on their way out, Duke showed the count agent a bronzestatue that showed Neptune taming a seahorse (Browning54).The occasion that is being talked about by Duke and count agentconcerns the exchange of the Count agent’s daughter for marriage.

EverydayUse

Accordingto the short story “EverydayUse”, race and education have been depicted as aspects that go handin hand. In the short story, education is seen to be associated withthe white race while the blacks are depicted as uneducated forexample, Mama and Maggie are not educated. In order to attaineducation, Dee is sent to Augusta by the community. Hakim-a-barberwho comes together with Dee has been shown to represent the educatedbecause he does not associate with the practice of herding. Also,Mama is suggestive that John Thomas is educated because she arguesthat she would like John Thomas to marry Maggie after which she canrelax and sing hymns at home. In “Everyday Use”, those having theeducation are depicted to intimidate others. This is also shownthrough Dee, where she greets Mama in an obscure African languagethat Mama does not speak. Dee just does this to intimidate Mamabecause she knows that Mama has not passed through school.Alternatively, racism is depicted as a contributing factor thathinders others from receiving education. In the case of Mama, she wasdenied education after her school became closed, and racism was acontributing factor. This was because, during her schooling era,African Americans were prevented from having an opportunity of beingeducated like other races (Walkerand Barbara 62).

TheLove Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

Inthe poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, figurativelanguage has been used considerably in order to offer a deepermeaning of the narrator’s emotions. One of the figurative phrasesused in the work is “like a patient etherized upon a table”. Thisindicates the opening invitation that the speaker offers. This isfound in line 3 of the poem (Elliott22).The speaker in the poem tries to show that the world that the readeris being introduced to is not a normal world, but a world that isdifferent and that has pain. Through the use of this figurativephrase, the reader is introduced into a world where the procedure tobe performed is painful thus the need for sedation.

Inaddition, the image that reflects the modern city is also portrayedthrough the use of a figurative language the speaker indicates thatthe construction of the streets “follows like a tedious argument….”In this case, the speaker implies that the architecture of the cityis insightful of the pain inherent to living in it (Ackerley84).This shows that the architecture of the modern city has the notion ofbeing so technical as well as precise in a manner that they confusein their complexity.

Furthermore,in line 51 of the poem, it has been indicated how Prufrock “measuredout” life “with coffee spoons” (Elliott22).This has been used figuratively since it is impossible to measurelife using coffee spoons. In this case, Prufrock attempts to makecertain realities concerning his life clear. One of the realities isawkwardness, as well as, sense of discomfort that is in the world.The tension that is involved in social engagement as he attempts toblend with others has been matched with the extra cups of coffee thathe needs to feel cozy. Also, something that is so vast has beenreduced to something small such that it is feasible to measure itusing coffee spoons. Therefore, figurative language has beensuccessfully applied in the poem.

WorksCited

Abcarian,Richard, and Marvin Klotz. Literature:The Human Experience: Reading and Writing.Boston: Bedford/St. Martin`s, 2007. Print.

Ackerley,Chris. T.s.Eliot: `the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock` and the Waste Land.Penrith: Humanities-Ebooks, 2007. Internet resource.

Bloom,Harold. RobertBrowning.New York: Chelsea House, 2001. Print.

Browning,Robert. MyLast Duchess and Other Poems., 1993. Print.

Elliott,T S. LoveSong of J. Alfred Prufrock.Place of publication not identified: Greville Press, 2008. Print.

Lawrence,D H. TheRocking-Horse Winner.S.1: Kessinger Pub, 2005. Print.

Marvell,Andrew. &quottoHis Coy Mistress&quot and Other Poems.Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications, 1997. Print.

Oates,Joyce C, and Elaine Showalter. &quotwhereAre You Going, Where Have You Been?&quot.New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1994. Print.

Potter,Lois. Othello.Manchester [u.a.: Manchester Univ. Press, 2002. Print.

Pratkanis,Anthony R, and Elliot Aronson. Ageof Propaganda: The Everyday Use and Abuse of Persuasion.New York: Freeman, 2001. Print.

Priskil,Peter. SalmanRushdie: Portrait of a Poet.Freiburg: Ahriman International, 2000. Print.

Stephens,Mitchell. ImagineThere`s No Heaven: How Atheism Helped Create the Modern World., 2014. Print.

Walker,Alice, and Barbara, Christian. EverydayUse.New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press, 1994. Print.

Wolosky,Shira. TheArt of Poetry: How to Read a Poem.New York [u.a.: Oxford University Press, 2001. Print.