Response

RESPONSE 4

Carlos argument is correct in arguing that the occupational naturehas resulted in both negative and positive outcomes. However, thenegative outcomes, in terms of the impact on human wellbeing outweighthe positives. It is true that occupational nature makes it possiblefor humans to advance their knowledge, which results in selfadvancement. Just as Carlos notes, the ability for humans to advanceknowledge has for instance resulted in medical advancements, makingit possible to prolong life. Technological knowledge has resulted inthe invention of vaccines that build immunity against illnesses.However, occupational technology has come to be associated withreducing physical, social as well as mental exercise, whichnegatively affects health.

Technology has made life easier for people such that they do nothave to move around to get things done (Melkevik, Torsheim &ampIannotti, 2010). For instance, one uses a remote control to operatethe television from where they are sitting. In offices, people aremainly expected to work using computers that reduce movement from onedepartment to another. Children on the other hand, have an array ofnew technologically advanced toys that allow them to play whilesitting, such as video games. Carlos reinforces this argument bynoting that technology has resulted in a society where manyindividual drive cars, have offices where they sit all day, watchtelevision, play games and use the internet.

Notably, these are advances that ultimately affect people’shealth. This is because without moving around, people developconditions such as obesity (Sisson et al, 2010). Physical activity isvery important in reducing such illnesses. Obesity is common amongchildren that spend most of their time engaging in indoor play likevideo games, or watching television as compared to those that engagein outdoor play (Vandewater, Shim &amp Caploovitz, 2004). Generally,Carlos effectively demonstrates how these technological advances haveled to reduced physical activity, which harms human health.

References

Melkevik, O., Torsheim, T &amp Iannotti, R. J. (2010). Is spendingtime in screen-based sedentary behaviors associated with lessphysical activity: A cross national investigation. InternationalJournal of Behavior Nutrition and Physical Activity 7, 46.

Sisson, S. B., Broyles, S. T., Baker, B. L &amp Katzmarzyk, P. T.(2010). Screen time, physical activity and overweight n US youth:National survey of children’s health. Journal of AdolescentHealth 47(3), 309-311.

Vandewater, E., Shim, M &amp Caploovitz, A. (2004). Linking obesityand activity level with children’s television and video game use.Journal of Adolescence Health 27(1), 71-85.