Revised Racial Multicultural

Article:Johnson, A &amp Williams, J.D. (2015). White racial identity,color-blind racial attitudes, and multicultural counselingcompetence. Journalof Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 21(3) 440-449.


  1. Main hypothesis

Thechief hypothesis of the current study show that the desirability insocial, training in multicultural, age of the participant, type ofprogram, identity of White race, as well as attitudes towardscolor-blind races play a key role in predicting self-perceptions for multicultural counseling competence among psychology trainees(Johnson &amp Williams, 2015). There is a close relationship of theattitudes among color-blind races, identity of White races, andcompetence in multicultural counseling. The main question posed bythe author is to determine experimentally whether there exists anyrelationship between the factors under consideration namelycolor-blind races, identity of White races, and competence inmulticultural counseling.

  1. Why is it an important question to ask/investigate?

Theresearch question will help the study to be done effectively andefficiently. It will consider the three factors color-blind races,White races’ identity, and multicultural counseling competenceunder the study in detail. It will enable the researcher to determinethe information needed to make the conclusion and gather all thenecessary materials that make the research successful. Multiculturalcompetence equips one with the knowledge to know the relevantplatforms to gain the necessary experience, and also help thecounselors attend to their clients appropriately. White races’identity helps an individual understand himself/herself whereas thecolor-blind races’ attitudes will help appreciate the existence ofrace and racism as well as its effects to the society.

  1. Key points in the article

Thethree chief issues in the article are color-blind race identity ofwhite race, and competence in multicultural counseling. The articlehas elaborated each of the three points in detail before making theconclusion. The multicultural counseling competence has been found tofall into three domains namely the awareness, knowledge and skills(Johnson et al., 2015). The White races’ identity was found toconstitute the various psychological variables that have come upbecause of the integrated understanding of an individual. Thecolor-blind races’ attitudes were under three domains that areissues of blatant racial, institutional discrimination, and awarenessof racial privilege. The key point in the article therefore is tofind the relationship and the recent trends in the three main issuesin the article.


  1. What did you find interesting about these key points

Thekey points have very interesting issues. To start with, the Whiteraces’ identity point has been widely discussed. The attitude scaleof this point was developed, and it has contributed positively tothis feature of racial identity. The scale has been divided into sixstages with different feelings, beliefs, and behaviors that helpdefine an individual. The point has been subdivided into phases. Thefirst phase ends by an individual being aware of the racism’sexistence in the society. Individuals will know the unearnedprivileges that exist when one is aware of the reality of racism.

Attitudesof the color-blind races affect the relationship between the clientand the therapist negatively and contribute positively to the levelsof socio macro environment inequality. It also contributes to lowlevels of self-reported racial multicultural counseling knowledge tothe mental health workers (Johnson et al., 2015).

Multiculturalcounseling competence is directly affected by the multiculturaltraining. The training may include the graduate level courses,research, and workshops related to culture. The trainees and mentalhealth professionals get competency in the related fields. Furthermulticultural competence is gained from further training and theincreased involvement in cultures.

  1. Why I agree with this article

Iagree on the control variables explained under the focus of thisstudy. The variables have explained broadly what it takes in order tounderstand the identity of the White race, attitudes of color-blindraces, and the multicultural counseling competence. Each of thevariables explains either awareness or knowledge or skills or all thethree or two of them.


  1. Strength and weakness of the article

Thestrength of the article is that it developed a more detailed style ofanalyzing the color-blind attitudes by using the sub-scales a casethat has never happened before in any other study. The weakness ofthe article includes the methods that were used to collect the datain the research. The methods contribute to the weakness of theresearch because they are subject to biases because the individualswho participated in both cases differ in several aspects likereasoning and the style of doing things. The students who were usedin the study maybe had an interest in diversity which made themcontribute either positively or negatively to the study. The studyalso relied on self-reports to measure multicultural competence, amethod that may not reflect the demonstrated multiculturalcompetence. The article also failed to consider the effect of thewider variety of professional levels which exist as they have as theymay result to a different relationship from the intended one.

  1. Implications of the study

Thefindings from this study are not sufficient enough to make a validconclusion. Therefore, additional factors that affect the social andcultural counseling should be identified and better methods that arefree of biases be adopted.

  1. How specifically I will use the information and knowledge in future practice

Thefindings from this article will play a key role in helping in helpingresearch find ways of minimizing identified weaknesses hence,increase efficiency of the study. The findings will also enable meapply the knowledge gained from the study whenever I deal with peoplefrom other races.