Smoking Prevention

SmokingPrevention

AnnotatedBibliography

Zhang,X., Martinez-Donate, A., &amp Rhoads, N. (2015). Parental practicesand attitudes related to smoke-free rules in homes, cars, and outdoorplaygrounds in US households with underage children and smokers,2010-2011.&nbspPreventingChronic Disease,&nbsp12,E96.

Thisstudy will be important in helping to understand the behavior andattitudes of parents in relation to voluntary smoke free rules in 3settings: homes, cars, and outdoor children play areas. Theinformation provided in the study will help in understanding howhouseholds with 1 or more smoking parents prevent exposing theirchildren to the secondary effects of smoking. The findings of thestudy are valid since it utilizes data obtained from the 2010-2011Tobacco Use Supplement up to the Current Population Survey. Itapplies this data to assess the behavior and attitudes of parents onthe smoke free rules that they follow voluntarily in the 3 caresettings. In addition, the findings of the study reveal thepercentage of households with voluntary smoke free home rules aimedat protecting their children from involuntary smoke exposure. Thisstudy will, therefore, provide important information on parentingpractices and attitudes on smoke free care settings, thus making itan essential source in the final paper. The article is from acredible source, and in turn will be one of my key sources ofinformation when writing up my paper. Additionally, it’s also apeer reviewed article, which makes it more credible as a source.

Nakaso,D. (2015) Underage smoking decreases.&nbspMcClatchy- Tribune Business News

Thisarticle is an important source as its analysis the reduction incigarette use among children aged 12 to 17 years on the Island. Afederal study conducted in Hawaii revealed a drop in cigarette useamong children from 8.7% in 2003 to 5.4% in 2013. The articleprovides relevant information to explain the witnessed pattern ofdecreased smoking among young adults in 49 out of 50 states as perthe U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administrationobservations. This will help in understanding the national trend inrelation of underage cigarette smoking. The article will also provideadditional information on why the attitudes about the dangers ofsmoking among youngsters in America have not changed despite thedecline in smoking witnessed. Furthermore, the article providesmeasures that can be put in place to curb smoking further among theyouth by raising the legal smoking age to 21 years. This articlewill, therefore, be a credible source in my paper and the developmentof my thesis more so because it is based on current trends in smokingamong the youth as confirmed by the U.S. Substance Abuse and MentalHealth Services Administration. On the other hand, the article isfrom a reliable journal, and in turn being a good source for mypaper.

Rinehart,E. (2015). Underage smokers in Grandview could get charged under newlaw.&nbspTheColumbus Dispatch.

Thisarticle by Rinehart focuses on Grandview’s new law aimed atpreventing smoking among the underage.The article is important for my paper as it highlights the heightstaken to ban the sale of tobacco products to persons younger than 21years. Despite other cities banning the sale of tobacco products,Grandview has gone further to implicate the user as well. Theinformation provided by the article is based on Tobacco 21 Project’swebsite making it highly reliable. The article also providesinformation on the punishment rendered to those found guilty as a wayto prevent the use of tobacco products in the city. In addition, thearticle provides possible implications of this new law once it takeseffect in 30 days’ time. The article makes an importantcontribution to the methods that can be used to reduce underagesmoking which other states could follow suit. Therefore, the articlewill be an important source in my paper by providing valuableinformation and some applicable legislative measures that can beemployed so as to reduce smoking among youths aged below 21 years.The article is a peer reviewed one, and in turn making it morereliable towards the writing of my paper.

Takakura,M. (2015). Relations of participation in organized activities tosmoking and drinking among Japanese youth: Contextual effects ofstructural social capital in high school. InternationalJournal of Public Health,&nbsp60(6),679-689.

This is a cross-sectional studyconducted by Takakura to examine the level of school level structuralsocial capital and its relation to smoking and drinking amongJapanese youth. The study will be a key source of information on howorganized activities correlate with smoking and drinking am theyouth. The results of the study will provide important information onthe level of association between smoking and organized activities inHigh School. This information can be used to suggest how to preventsmoking and drinking among the youth by involving them in variousactivities. The study was also conducted on an individual basis, thusproviding an evidence base which makes it relevant in the initiationpersonalized interventions to reduce smoking and drinking among theyouth. In addition, the self-administered anonymous questionnaireused to collect data provides direct feedback from the youths ratherthan a secondary source. This together with the high sample size canbe used to make generalizations on the overall youth population. Thismakes the study useful in writing my final paper. The article will bean essential source of information towards the writing of my paper asits peer reviewed, and also gives detailed information related to mytopic.

Shang,C. (2015). The effect of smoke-free air law in bars on smokinginitiation and relapse among teenagers and youngadults.&nbspInternationalJournal of EnvironmentalResearch and Public Health,&nbsp12(1),504-520.

Researchhas shown that smoker start smoking when they are teenagers or youngadults. This article by Shang will provide useful information on howeffective policies play an important role in curbing smoking amongteenagers and young adults. The article provides a relevant exampleof such policies. The smoke free air (SFA) law is discussed in detailby Shang in this article. The article will also provide valuableinformation on the effect of the SFA law in bars and how it impactson the initiation or relapse in smoking. The article will alsoprovide the exact probability, of the SFA law to reduce smokinginitiation or relapse among people aged 21 or younger. In addition,the article also touches on the policy on increasing cigarette taxesand the effect it has on daily smoking initiation and relapse.Therefore, the article provides essential policy information aimed atreducing smoking among teenagers and youth making it of immensecontribution to my paper.

Farhangmehr,M., Jalali, M. S., &amp Silva, C. L. (2014). Anti-smoking themes –what works best for adolescents?International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing.

Smokinghas heavy social and economic cost implications thus making it anarea of concern for various stakeholders such as physicians, policymakers, and the government. However, despite the increasedrestrictions, tobacco companies have a competitive advantage gainedthrough their promotional and advertising efforts. This articleprovides important evidence on how anti-smoking campaigns and advertscan reduce smoking behaviors among adolescents. The article willcontribute to the paper through explaining different anti-smokingthemes. The results are reliable since the different anti-smokingthemes are tested for their impact on communicating the perceivedrisks of smoking, the ability to make adolescents to resist smoking,and their effect on smoking intentions. This article will thereforebe useful in the paper as it will help in choosing the most effectiveanti-smoking theme to use during campaigns to educate adolescents onavoiding smoking. The article will ensure that the theme with themost impact on adolescents is chosen by campaigners.

References

Farhangmehr,M., Jalali, M., &amp Silva, C. (2014). Anti-smoking themes – whatworks best for adolescents?International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing, 12(1),17-35

Nakaso,D. (2015) Underage smoking decreases.&nbspMcClatchy- Tribune Business NewsRetrieved 6 November 2015, fromhttp://www.pressreader.com/usa/honolulu-star-advertiser/20150520/281479275000754/TextView

Rinehart,E. (2015). Underage smokers in Grandview could get charged under newlaw.&nbspTheColumbus Dispatch

Shang,C. (2015). The effect of smoke-free air law in bars on smokinginitiation and relapse among teenagers and youngadults.&nbspInternationalJournal of Environmental Research and Public Health,&nbsp12(1),504-520

Takakura,M. (2015). Relations of participation in organized activities tosmoking and drinking among Japanese youth: Contextual effects ofstructural social capital in high school. InternationalJournal of Public Health,&nbsp60(6),679-689

Zhang,X., Martinez-Donate, A., &amp Rhoads, N. (2015). Parental practicesand attitudes related to smoke-free rules in homes, cars, and outdoorplaygrounds in US households with underage children and smokers,2010-2011.&nbspPreventingChronic Disease,&nbsp12,E96.