Social Mobility Analysis of the Herbert`s Article

SocialMobility: Analysis of the Herbert’s Article

SocialMobility: Analysis of the Herbert’s Article

Socialmobility refers to the movement of individuals from one social classto another. Essentially, there are various types of social mobilitynamely horizontal, vertical, intra-generational, intergenerational,and occupational mobility. Arguably, Herbert focuses on bothintra-generational and vertical types of social mobility in hisarticle “Losingour Way.”He portrays United States as a country that is detestable and thatneeds a great reform (Herbert, 2011). In this regard, Herbert arguesthat the few rich are hogging the wealth of the country at theexpense of the poor people. The rate of unemployment is high and thefew job opportunities available pay a little amount that is notenough for the poor to find their way into middle class. In this way,the current youths are susceptible into a future where they will beless well off than their elders. This represents an intergenerationalmobility that involves changes in social status of individuals orgroup of individuals within the same generation. Additionally, thesocial mobility described by the scenarios in the article portraysadownward vertical mobility owing to poor living conditionsexperienced by the youths because of the increased unemployment, themonopolization of the market by wealthy people and a large proportionof funds allocation in wars at the expense of basic needs of theUnited States residents (Herbert, 2011).

Inmodern communities, occupation is the main determinant of a person’sstatus and it might affect one’s affiliations and lifestyle.Downward social mobility impacts negatively to the life of low-incomeor the poor people as it demotivates them and therefore hindersexploitation of their full potential at work or in other nationalbuilding activities. For instance, high unemployment rates even forthe educated individuals discourage them to enroll for furtherstudies and thus ruining their careers goals as well as theirdecision-making capacity (Herbert, 2011). As a result, they live inadverse housing facilities to extent of some becoming dependentdespite their expertise. In this way, the country loses the necessaryskills required to drive the economy up. In effect, an adverselyaffected person has a limited control of his or her social standingand its flexibility.Indeed, demoralization negatively affectscommunities’ empowerment making them less equipped to deal with thebasic needs of the people thus impeding social cohesiveness towardspositive changes and thus ultimately leading to the loss of personalcontrol over the basic social issues.

Reference

Herbert,B. (2011, March 25). Losing Our Way. Retrieved November 3, 2015, fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/26/opinion/26herbert.html