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Social,Political, and Economic Impact of the MexicanAmerican War, Wilmot Proviso, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
TheMexican-American War (1846-1848) was fought in Mexico and was broughtto an end by the treaty of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. However, aninternal dispute on slavery existed in the American way before thewar and treaty. The argument was about whether slavery would beallowed in the acquired territories which the U.S was fighting for.Wilmot Proviso, therefore, proposed the end of slavery. The resultsof all these varied in size and scope impacting on the economy,politics, and society in both countries. This paper discusses theSocial,Political, and Economic Impact of the MexicanAmerican War, Wilmot Proviso, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
TheMexican-American war led to political divisions in Mexico leading tocivil war in the Mexican capital. The war saw the expansion of U.Sterritory to reach the Pacific Ocean with Mexico losing a third ofits territory, a wound which Mexicans still hold to date (Tuckeret. al307).The U.S victory and new land acquisition led increased patriotismamong the Americans and belief in Democrat’s belief on manifestdestiny to enlarge U.S territories. This endorsed Major GeneralZachary for the presidency on the grounds of his good militaryperformance. The resultant territorial gains improved the U.S economywith states such as California having gold which brought significantincome to America. The war also led to increased migrations to theWest of Anglo-Americans (Tuckeret. al307).
WilmotProviso proposed the American law to ban slavery in all theterritories that had been acquired from Mexico during the Mexican war(Tucker et. al 250). His proposal led to conflict which intensifiedto become the American civil war. The civil war saw the NorthernStates fight with the Southern Confederate States on the grounds ofabolishing slavery. The Southern States sought for separation fromthe rest of the United States to become an independent nation (Tuckeret. al 190). However, the Northern victory ensured that the USremained as one nation. The Proviso’s Proposal also led to thecollapse of the southern economy after losing the war as it reliedheavily on cotton farming using slave labor. Socially, his proposalled to the recognition of individual rights and liberties of allcitizens and the inception of the phrase “all men are born equal”(Tucker et. al 250). It also increased immigration into the UnitedStates with the ban on slavery.
Thetreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was ratified in 1848 bringing to an endthe Mexican-American War. The treaty led to the establishment the U.Sborder and recognition of the U.S annexation of Texas (Tuckeret. al 92).It also led to compensation of damages caused by the war with Mexico.The biasness of the treaty led to the United States acquiringvaluable territory boosting its economy. Mexico, on the other hand,lost most of its productive territory, including Texas, slowing itseconomic growth (Tuckeret. al411) Mexicans embraced the reform movement led by Benito Juarez. Thetreaty also saw the United States recognize Indian land holdings.This allowed Indians to practice their customs and speak theirlanguage in the American Southwest territory. However, the treatyled to increased land claims on the ceded territories. In addition,Native Americans and Mexican Americans have since struggled toachieve equality within the United States.
Inconclusion, the MexicanAmerican War, Wilmot Proviso, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo hadconsiderable impact in the United States and Mexico. They influencedthe politics, social interactions, and the economies shaping thehistory of both countries with some long term effects beingexperienced to date. WilmotProviso proposals led to the abolishment of slavery. The War and the treaty increased the American territory which somescholars relate to the present economic success of the United States.Mexico remained an underdeveloped country until the 20thcentury, which could not have been the case was their territory nottaken.
Tucker,Spencer et al. TheEncyclopedia Of The Mexican-American War.Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2013. Print.