Spirituality in Healthcare

Spiritualityin Healthcare

Spiritualityin Healthcare

Withthe application of technology currently, it has been made a littlebit simpler for individuals to detect the various medicalabnormalities especially in instances where the fetus may createdifficult choices for the parents in the event that criticalabnormalities are realized (Cotton et al., 2006). This case studycovers the case of Jessica and Marco. It is established that Jessicais pregnant with complications occurring in the fetus. This paperdiscusses in-depth the different conflicting situations that thecouple gets into and the theories that explain their behavior. It isclear that the value systems and the beliefs that the parents haveapparently clash with the realities that they are facing at themoment. There are a number of theories that are used by Jessica,Marco, Maria and Dr. Wilson to establish the moral status of thefetus. These theories are exploited and the manner in which theyaffect the recommendation for the action discussed.

DualConcern Model Theory

Thistheory evidently is applied by Maria. Maria strongly feels thatJessica should have the pregnancy and continue with it as shebelieves everything is to be taken care by God. Given that the modelis always two dimensional, it helps also explains the relationship ofthe subject to the rest of the persons (Sorenson, Morse &amp Savage,1999). This clearly brings out the interest that the subject harborstowards the rest in terms of the results and the existingrelationships. This theory explicitly explains the concerns thatMaria holds as far as the situation of Jessica is concerned.

TheConflict Model Theory

Thistheory is highly applied in instances where decision making iscritical (Botvinick, 2007). In this study, the theory appears to beused extensively by Marco. Marco feels that upon receipt of the newsby the wife, Jessica, there is certain level of stress that willovercome her. With stress in place then she will fail to make rightand informed decision. The stress to Marco is mainly due to concernsthat he has on his wife. The news as Marco believes may end up havingeffect on the self-esteem of the wife.

ChoiceSupportive Model Theory

Thistheory is evidently applied by Maria. It is evident as Maria tries toinfluence the autonomy of Jessica to make decision. Maria putsJessica in a scenario where she remains relying on the advice fromJessica and as such the decision would be the best (Robert &ampDennis, 2005).

Itend to agree with the first theory that is advanced by Maria, thetheory of dual concern. I do believe that even though the fetus isstill at early stages, 28 weeks, Jessica needs to do her best andleave the rest to God to take care of. I do believe that everybodyhas the right to make independent choices but such rights must not gobeyond the rights of the human beings. Arguably, one would want toput it that the fetus is not human, but I believe that eventermination of its life may even results in more complications toJessica. When deciding on the action to execute especially where thefetus is physically and mentally disabled every other person has hisor her opinion regarding the situation. Nonetheless, I believe thateverything happens for a reason and to this end, it is planned by Godand should be given a chance.


Thepersonhood chart is made up of a grid for different philosophicalanthropologies that answer the questions that entails personhood.



Personal View


An individual who is community oriented can help in fostering love and belonging. They have a purpose with their lives

An individual in a strained relationship has with him jealousy. This person is greedy, full of prejudice and is doubted.

This is a person who cares about family. Takes care of the family and community alike


Humans are multidimensional in the sense that there is the physical body connected to the soul through the senses

Persons have three distinct parts. These include the body, the soul and mind. The body is in place for life enjoyment

Each dimension of the human is important in the life


Different rules and guidelines exist as far as sex is concerned. There are beliefs on sexual orientation

Individual who are materialistic do not have minimum standards in regards to religion and sexual orientation

Each person has the obligation to follow their religion guideline in regards to sexual life as long as it does not affect the society


Morals are guidelines that help in explaining ethics, beliefs and philosophies of a given religion

They define the manner in which an individual lives. The lifestyle of persons

Individuals need to follow certain morals and philosophies in life to be happy as long as such morals do not affect others


The wrongs that a person does in their religion is defined

What people consider right or wrong differ from one person to another

Upon death individual’s destiny is determined essentially by wrong or right in the society

Destined for Eternal Life

Destined for eternal life:

There is life after death

There is eternal life after death but determined by God


Botvinick,M. M. (2007). Conflict monitoring and decision making: reconcilingtwo perspectives on anterior cingulate function.&nbspCognitive,Affective, &amp Behavioral Neuroscience,&nbsp7(4),356-366.

Cotton,S., Zebracki, K., Rosenthal, S. L., Tsevat, J., &amp Drotar, D.(2006). Religion/spirituality and adolescent health outcomes: Areview.&nbspJournalof Adolescent Health,&nbsp38(4),472-480.

Robert,L. P., &amp Dennis, A. R. (2005). Paradox of richness: A cognitivemodel of media choice.&nbspProfessionalCommunication, IEEE Transactions on,&nbsp48(1),10-21.

Sorenson,R. L., Morse, E. A., &amp Savage, G. T. (1999). A test of themotivations underlying choice of conflict strategies in thedual-concern model.InternationalJournal of Conflict Management,&nbsp10(1),25-44.