Thefive-step model of critical thinking
Thereare five-step model in critical thinking. First one should identifyand clarify the problem, that is, one shouldfind out if a problem exists. Second, information needs to begathered regarding the identified problem. Third, it’s theevaluation of the evidence given in the answer. Fourth, alternativesand implications are considered. The last stage is to choose andimplement the best alternative.
Thereason as to why i regard myself as a problem solver is related to myexperience in the field of medical research. I have been fortunateenough to visit many a developing countries especially those inAfrica and, therefore, I have a deep understand of confronting thehuman population in those parts.
(1)Should more hospitals be built in the developing parts of the world?(2) More than 2000 doctors and more than 50,000 citizens in allcountries were surveyed (3). The majority of people – both doctorsand citizens – suggested that more hospitals should be built to solvethe health issues. (4). It was once said by Thomas Bernhard that“everything is ridiculous if any one thinks of death”. It isdifficult to imagine what Thomas Bernhard would have to say if hewere shown the death statistics in the developing parts of Africa.The survey showed that 65% of the patients die due to poor treatment,50% of pregnant mothers die at home due to lack of proper maternalcare and at least 5 children die each day after birth. (5) Therefore,more equipped hospitals should be built in all parts of thedeveloping country to save more lives.
Stepone: what is the problem?
Theproblem in this situation is the many deaths occurring among thepeople in the developing countries due to poor medical attention. Theaim of solving this problem is to reduce deaths caused by lack ofhospitals and lack of proper medical facilities. The problem can bedefined more effectively by use of statistical figures in the survey.
Steptwo: what are the alternatives?
Insteadof building more hospitals, the governments in affected countries canalso consider reviving the existing health facilities, providing freematernity care and improving the accessibility to the aforementionedhealth facilities by investing in ambulances and proper roads.
Step3: What are advantages and disadvantages of each alternative?
Improvinghealth facilities would lead to increased accessibility to medicalcare, more lives would be saved and living standards would beelevated. However, this may also generate several issues such asinaccessibility to the facilities due to distance barriers andunaffordability of health care services. Introducing free maternitycare will save lives of many mothers and new born babies. This canalso be a disadvantage to those countries promoting family planningsince many poor families will find it easy to give birth to morechildren. Costs saved by the government may be used in otherbeneficial investments to the society although in other perspectivesthis alternative may lead to more expenditure than building newfacilities.
Step4: what is the solution?
Thebest solution will be to build new facilities in each location toenable accessibility by all citizens. To solve these problems, I needto present the findings to the concerned parties and give them themost viable solutions and recommendations from the statistical pointof view.
Step5: how well is the solution working?
Tofind out how well the recommended solution is working, I would haveto go back to the field and carry out another survey to find outwhether there is reduction in deaths. As Ralph Waldo once said, "Donot go where the path may lead go instead where there is no path andleave a trail."
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