Teaching and Learning


Teachingand Learning

Innursing, teaching and learning are part and parcel of ensuring thatindividuals remain healthy. In this report, three lesson planscomprising of patient education, family education and staffdevelopment will be discussed. The chief purpose of the report willbe discussing goals, objectives, and teaching plans for the threelesson plans.


Inpatient education, the title of the lesson would be “The Importanceof Lifestyle Change for Patients having Chronic Obstructive PulmonaryDisease (COPD)”. This lesson would best fit patients that haveCOPD. The reason why these patients have been picked as the learnersis because they are deemed not to understand the importance ofchanging their lifestyle. The educational level to consider in thistraining would be patients that have not reached eighth grade. Thisis because with this level of education, most learners are not awareof the importance of lifestyle change, when having COPD. Besides, atthis level, the learners are ready to learn because they desire toknow more concerning their health. The setting for this educationwould be in a local healthcare facility.

Purposeand Rationale for the Lesson

Thepurpose of selecting this lesson is to help reduce the number of COPDpatients in the community. Besides, through the lesson, the patientswould know the importance of changing lifestyle, when having COPD andinfluence the lives of others. The theoretical basis for teachingapproaches that would be used in this lesson is to teach the rolethat changing lifestyle perform in individuals that have COPD.

Statementof Goals and Objectives

Oneof the goals for the lesson is to make COPD patients discover thatthey can live healthy with COPD by changing their lifestyle. Anothergoal for the lesson is to sensitize patients of COPD on how tominimize chances of exacerbation of the disease. Furthermore, anothergoal is to teach the patients on the risk factors that exacerbateCOPD. One of the behavioral objectives is to relate knowledge to thepatients concerning the importance of avoiding risk factors throughlifestyle change. Also, another behavioral objective entails makingthe patients apply the knowledge that they gain from the training toeducate others on how to avoid exacerbation of COPD.

InstructionalMethods and Evaluation of Learning

Therewould be various issues that would be learnt in relation to thelesson. The content of the lesson would include definition andexplanation of COPD, the risk factors leading to exacerbation ofCOPD, and importance of lifestyle change. All these activities willtake 50 minutes each and they will follow each other consecutively.Instructional strategies would include taking notes and providingpractical guidance. The instructional resources would include anenclosed room, charts of the human body, a laptop, whiteboard forPowerPoint show, and writing materials. The learning will beevaluated through checking whether the patients change theirlifestyles after a period of 6 months. Also, the learning would beevaluated by checking whether the frequency of hospitalization ofpatients having COPD.


Infamily education, the title of the lesson would be “How to Maintaina Healthy Life with COPD”. The learners in this lesson would befamily members with patients having COPD. These learners are deemedas the best for this lesson because they live with patients havingCOPD, which needs to be handled with care. The learners should atleast have basic educational for this training and should be ready tolearn. The setting for this training would be a local communityhealthcare facility.

Purposeand Rationale for the Lesson

Thepurpose of selecting this lesson is to equip family members withsufficient knowledge concerning COPD so as to be capable of providingsupport to patients with COPD under their custody. The theoreticalbasis for teaching approach used in this lesson entails teaching thefamily members on the causes as well as the effects of COPD and howto support patients having COPD.

Statementof Goals and Objectives

Oneof the goals of this lesson is to teach the family members how totake care of patients that have COPD. Another goal of this lesson isto input knowledge to the family members on the causes and effects ofCOPD and how the disease can be exacerbated. One of the behavioralobjectives is to make family members understand the contributingfactors of COPD. Also, another behavioral objective is to make familymembers understand what they need to do in order to avoid theexacerbation of the COPD.

InstructionalMethods and Evaluation of Learning

Thelesson would comprise of the following teaching activities definingCOPD and explaining its causes, factors that exacerbate COPD, theeffects of COPD, and how to care for COPD patients. These activitieswill be taught in the sequence that they have been written. The timethat would be allotted for each of the teaching activity would be 40minutes. On the other hand, the instructional resources that would berequired include a laptop, a white board, human anatomy charts,writing materials, and an indicator for pointing on various aspectswhen teaching. The learning would be evaluated through checking thefrequency of COPD patients being hospitalized.


Instaff development, the title of the lesson would be “ProvidingMedication to COPD Patients”. The learners in this case entailnurses that specialize in providing services in the field ofcardiopulmonary. These learners best fit in this lesson since theyare best suited in providing cardiopulmonary treatments. The learnersshould have attained an educational level of a cardiopulmonary nurse.This level of education is important for the understanding ofdifferent medication terms. The education setting for this lessonwould be at the workplace.

Purposeand Rationale for the Lesson

Thepurpose of this lesson is to equip cardiopulmonary nurses withinformation that is critical in the provision of medication to theCOPD patients. The theoretical basis for teaching approach used inthis approach is to provide cardiopulmonary nurses with the rightinformation that can be used in providing the right medication to theCOPD patients.

Statementof Goals and Objectives

Oneof the goals of this lesson is to provide knowledge to thecardiopulmonary nurses with knowledge that is critical in providingmedication to the COPD patients. Also, another goal is to add any newinformation to the cardiopulmonary nurses that can help in theprovision of medication to the COPD patients. One of the behavioralobjectives includes keeping nurses informed concerning newdevelopments in COPD. Also, another behavioral objective entailsadding any necessary knowledge to the cardiopulmonary nurses in orderto provide the right medication.

InstructionalMethods and Evaluation of Learning

Thelesson will comprise of the following learning activitiesintroduction of COPD, signs and symptoms of COPD, how COPD affectspatients’ daily activities, and how to manage COPD. Theseactivities will be taught following the sequence in which they arewritten and every activity will be allotted 12 hours. Theinstructional resources required for this lesson include a laptop,pointing tools, a white screen for PowerPoint slides, an enclosedroom, learning charts, and writing materials. The learning would beevaluated through analyzing the effectiveness of the medicationprovided to patients.


Anderson,L. W., &amp Bloom, B. S. (2014). Ataxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision ofBloom`s.Essex: Pearson.

Morris,A. H., &amp Faulk, D. R. (2012). Transformativelearning in nursing: A guide for nurse educators.New York: Springer.