Contemporarytheology relates to the modern church. It originated from theRenaissance period of the 14th to 17th century. The period refers tothe new birth of the church where more emphasis is placed on theindividualistic view of life instead of the old religious approach. Specifically, contemporary theology criticizes the emphasis placedupon the glory of man and the world in place of the glory of God.
Themost important and relevant theological topic to the contemporarychurch as researched by Paul Enns is Liberal theology. It issynonymous with modernism and provides the fundamentals for secularhumanism. First, the church has to deal with liberalism since it isthe basis for the destruction of the truth. The truth as proclaimedin the Bible is destroyed due to liberalism`s overreliance on humanreason. Consequently, the church should address freedom since humanreason has replaced the authority of God and his Word. It emanatesfrom the overreliance on the use of science and philosophy to explainthe truths of life. Consequently, there is the outright denial ofsupernatural entities of the events recorded in the Bible.
Second,Liberalism is against Christianity as it eliminates the need forfaith and trust in God. For example, Rudolf Bultman criticizes thewriters of the Bible through the discovery of forms used by the Biblewriters. Specifically, he concluded that the scriptures are acollection of myths. Such attempts by liberals eliminate the faiththat the Bible was written by men that were inspired by God andconsequently, it poses a big threat to Christianity faith. Otherforms of liberalism include the works of Deytrich Bonhoeffer, who wasinfluenced by Karl Barth to promote a secular and religion lessChristianity. 1
Third,liberalismtheology demand mans freedom from the ultimate creator andany form of religion. For example, the works of Friedrich Nietzsche(1844-1900) and Thomas Altizer (1927) advocates that God is dead.Consequently, they imply that there was no creation and further thateverything that there is in the world assumes cycles of creation anddestruction. By claiming that God is dead, they are against the faiththat God is everlasting by humanizing him. Besides, they advocatethat since God is dead, then man has to learn to live without God.
Accordingto the current trends, the church needs to address the on-goingculture of ‘new freedom’. The world is filled with instanceswhereby there are no morals within the people. Specifically, peopleare adapting to a shift from the traditional setting of morals into aself-cantered era of “If it feels good, do it”. The use ofself-cantered beliefs indicates the level to which the liberalapproach to life has infiltrated into people and moved God away asthe centre of theological authority. For example, denominations haveeliminated the gender references in the Bible to satisfy the feministcriticism of using a male reference to God. With regards toliberalism, the church should address the issue of drug abuse andmost importantly, the upcoming issue of homosexuality. Homosexualityhas infiltrated the world to the level where gay marriage has beenlegalized in some countries. The issue needs to be addressed as it isa big blow to Christianity. Specifically it indicates human doubtagainst the purpose of God when he decided to create man and woman.Besides gay, marriage is against Gods will for man to recreate andfill the earth.2
Enns,Paul P., TheMoody Handbook of Theology.Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1989
1Enns, Paul P. The Moody Handbook of Theology. Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1989
2Enns, Paul P. The Moody Handbook of Theology. Chicago, Ill.: Moody Press, 1989