Digitaldivide can be defined as the gap that exists between individuals interms of access to communication and information technologies. It isa social and economic inequality and includes the skills to utilizetechnology within a community, society or geographical area.Typically, conceptualization of this divide can be described invarious dimensions including features of connectivity, subjectsaccessing connectivity, connectivity means, intensity means dynamicsand purpose of connectivity. The subjects describe those who connectorganizations, individuals, countries, enterprises, among others. Theattributes of connectivity are such as socio-economic and sociovariables while the means could be among others mobile phone anddigital Television. Intensity shows the level of usage sophisticationwhilst evolution or dynamics describe whether the existing gap willdecrease or increase in the future.
Thereare various importance of ending the digital divide include: accessto internet guarantee civil life to citizens, emergencies and healthare handled better.in addition, electronic welfare services aresometimes offered .Computer networks and computers enhance learningability in the education sector through the use of internet. There isan increase in decision making and public participation in elections.There are productivity improvements from the increase of skills andknowledge of every individual regarding the use of technology,leading competition among industries. Satellite communications inrural areas and lower prices has ensured equality in access to theinternet. Ensuring disabled people are not left from accessing theinternet.
Digitaldivide leads to inadequate infrastructure which inhibits access toelectronic communication to the population of a particular localityand poor knowledge on the digital world. Comparing the developednations and the developing nations for instance, the poor nations areafflicted by illiteracy diseases and debts. The developed nationshave better accessibility of technology than the developing ones andthis in itself is a case of digital divide evident in the differencesin socio-economic technological development between the nations.While most developed nations have taken up online learning, a goodnumber of developing countries are yet to introduce this hence anexisting gap causing digital divide [ CITATION Dav99 l 1033 ].
Theproblem at hand is the digital divide concerning the access ofcommunication and information technologies between developed anddeveloping nations. The fact is the developed nations have access todigital devices such as computers, mobile phones, laptops anddesktops used to access the internet while the developing nationshave low levels of connectivity due to limited devices. Developednations have introduced online learning which an individual can learnfrom anywhere in which most of the developing nations do not have.The level of production of goods and services on the developednations as compared to the developed nations in terms of quality ismuch lower due to the poor innovative ability [ CITATION Dav99 l 1033 ].
Inidentifying relevant factors concerning this problem, developingnations have poor or fewer resources such as equipment and moneyneeded for developing digitally. Furtherance, the man power indeveloped nations for coming up with digital devices is more than thedeveloping nations hence creating the digital divide gap. Based onthe problem at hand, there are a number of strategic options ofdealing with it including digital inclusion and lower access pricesto the less developed nations. Digital inclusion is the best optionas it gives a lasting solution because this means that the developingcountries need to come up with programs and projects that are gearedtowards making its operations digital and the citizens moretechnology savvy.
Thereare a number of ethical theories that can be utilized when making anethical decision. The ethical decision of digital inclusion in theabove case is in reference to the utilitarian ethical theory. Thistheory is founded on the capacity to foretell the consequences of adoing. The basis of making the most ethical decision is that thatwhich yields the greatest advantage to most people is the bestchoice. Among the benefits of this theory is that it can be used tomake comparisons of similar expected solutions and utilize a pointtechnique to decide which the choice that is of more benefit to moreindividuals. This point system gives a rationale and logical argumentfor every choice and lets an individual utilize it on a case-by-casesituation [CITATION Chi021 l 1033 ].
Whenusing utilitarian ethical theory, the decision maker decides for thegood of the majority taking less consideration of the minority. Inthe aforementioned stated problem for instance, in order for thedeveloping countries to bridge the digital divide gap that existsbetween them and the developed countries, digital intrusion is veryimportant. The consequences of digital inclusion will be moredeveloped countries enjoying the power of technology just as much.This decision will benefit very many individuals as compared tohaving low technology access prices as this may not be a lastingsolution hence not really solving the problem at hand [ CITATION Chi021 l 1033 ].
Inconclusion, indeed digital divide does exist among nations and itsconsequences are far reaching especially in the developing countriesas the access of information and communication technology is law.However, using the Reynolds Seven-Step approach, this problem can besolved as has been explained above and the best decision madeutilizing utilitarian ethical theory.
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