TheFive Step Model of Critical Thinking
TheFive-Step Model of Critical Thinking
Thefirst step in critical thinking is identifyingand clarifying aproblem. One should try as much as possible to understand theproblem, analyze it from different angles and come up with the rightsolution.
Thesecond step is gathering information about the identified problem,what was the cause? Try to learn and investigate as much as possibleto find out when and where the problem started.
Thethird step is evaluating the evidence found in regard to the problem.Is the information accurate? What is the source of the information?These are some of the questions that need to be asked to authenticatethe information received.
Thefourth step involves drawing conclusions from the evidence gatheredearlier and coming up with solutions. The alternatives andimplications are considered and options to come up with best resultsare discussed.
Thefifth and final stage is where the best alternative is implemented.Choose the best alternative and implement it. Evaluate the outcome byfollowing up, and when you identify weaknesses search for bettersolutions (Hass2011, p123).
Inthis scenario as a problem solver in the health care sector, I wouldtake the following steps to critically solve the problems in thehealthcare sector.
Stepone: what is the problem?
Theproblem in this situation is the many deaths occurring among thepeople in the developing countries due to poor medical attention inpublic hospitals. The aim of solving this problem is to reduce deathscaused by lack of good hospitals and medical personnel.Medicine andpharmaceutical drugs, also lack in these facilities.
Steptwo: what are the alternatives?
Insteadof building more hospitals, the governments in affected countriesshould consider revamping and reviving the existing health facilitiesby funding them and equipping them adequately. More nurses anddoctors should be employed, and proper administration of the healthfacilities enforced to ensure proper service delivery takes place.
Step3: What are advantages and disadvantages of each alternative?
Improvinghealth facilities would lead to increased accessibility to medicalcare, more lives would be saved and living standards would beelevated. However, this may also generate several issues suchasinaccessibility to the facilities due to distance barriers andunaffordability of health care services.Introducing free maternitycare will save lives of many mothers and new born babies. This canalso be a disadvantage to those countries promoting family planningsince many poor families will find it easy to give birth to morechildren.Costs saved by the government may be used in otherbeneficial investments to the society although in other perspectivesthis alternative may lead to more expenditure than building newfacilities.
Step4: what is the solution?
Thebest solution will be to build new facilities in each location toenable accessibility by all citizens. To solve these problems, I needto present the findings to the concerned parties and give them themost viable solutions and recommendations from the statistical pointof view.
Step5: how well is the solution working?
Tofind out how well the recommended solution is working, I would haveto go back to the field and carry out another survey to find outwhether there is reduction in deaths, and physically check thefacilities because most of the changes can be observed, for example,medical equipment, drugs in the pharmacy and doctors attendance."Donot go where the path may lead go instead where there is no path andleave a trail" (Leicester2010, p65).
Hass, K. B. (2011). Enterprisebusiness analyst: Developing creative solutions to complexbusinessproblems.Management Concepts. Vienna, Va
Leicester, M. (2010). Teachingcritical thinking skills.London: Continuum.