PSYCHOLOGICAL ADVANTAGE OF CHRISTIAN COUNSELING 39
ThePsychological Advantage of Christian Counseling
FullName of Student: Dorothy D. Weaver
StudentI.D. No: 14-0008771
The Psychological Advantage of Christian Counseling 3
Overview of Christian Counseling 4
A Methodology of Christian Counseling 5
Basic Counseling Skills 5
Responsibilities of Christian Counselors 6
The psychological advantages of Christian Counseling 8
An Integration of the Biblical Principles in Counseling: 23
Psychology Filtered Through the Scripture 23
The Counselors’ Use of the Scripture 24
Advantageous use of the Scripture in Therapeutic Settings 27
Benefits Psychology Offers a Christian Counselor 31
Counseling and Clinical Psychology 33
Importance of Anthropology for Christian Counseling 34
Withinthis thesis of Psychological Advantages of Christian, Counseling isthe statements of Psychological orders and disorders, forms and guildto assessment procedures. These benefits of the test, strategies, andpurposes an evaluation, to psychological connection with Biblicalcounseling. Mental health may be healing by the use of mix treatment.Furthermore, understanding the behavior of the client is a uniqueadvantage for a Counselor in all aspect of dimensions, brother hood,fall, redemption, sanctification, and restoration. Assessmenttestiest has aid the counselor in better understanding of thecharacteristics of people. Tests have given the counselor andadvantage of the client’s characteristics. Secular clinictreatments advantages and Christian counseling intertwines
ThePsychological Advantage of Christian CounselingIntroduction
Christiancounselors are in a much better position of enjoying unique advantageof making an approach to issues, holistically. Thus is, especiallywhen it is evident that such dimensions as having bodily andcognitive needs. The word "advantage" is better used inthis case considering the majority of other disciplines will not beable to put into consideration such spiritual dimension (Clinton etal., 2002). Toputinto perspective, a thorough understanding of humanity based onChristianity helps in protecting us from simplistic nature of suchreductions since God created humans to be physical, psychological,social, and spiritual beings. Counselling behavior and understanding,represent some of these dimensions, and must be put intoconsideration (Greggo& Sisemore, 2012).Unlike other counseling disciplines, these Christian counselors donot handle people like impersonal chance products
Toconsider the existence of a personal creator is well-known, Christiancounsellors` considers people to be more of humans while putting theminto perspective about life. One mistake that Christians do is oftento make people over-zealous when giving them answers to the problemsthat trouble them. People assume that Christian counselors do find averse from the Scripture, shares it with the people, and are good togo. The approach may be typically established on poor listening (Insanders,2013).The paper will offer an overview of an individual`s approach to amodel based on Biblical modelling. The entirety of concepts based oncounseling model will be observed in light with the generalconservative understanding of the Bible. The paper will also providea clear overview of the basic counseling skills. Areas of grief,bereavement, and loss will also be examined. Additionally, the paperwill provide scripture situations in areas related to Biblicalinsights highlighted in those situations.
Overviewof Christian Counseling
Theview on Christian counseling has today become popular, more so underthe leadership of Christian counselors. The overview of Biblicalcounseling, for instance, as it arrives from David Powlison`s"Psychology and Christianity: View Views", will bepresented. The overview represents a premise that starts with God andends with humanity. The view was summed up in one sentence: "TheMaker, Savior, and Judge oriented us to seek what makes sense ofpsychological functioning of the creatures, created, judged, andredeemed” (Sanders,2013).The overview makes a lot of sense in response to the scripture wherean individual would find creation, with the promise and fall ofredemption are all display in the first book Genesis.
Theultimate question asked by a Christian counselor could not be more onquestioning the facts as it would be about understanding those facts.The position taken by Powlison, for instance, is that an individual`sentirety in life along with a collection of data must first beunderstood in amannerthat is, "explanatory with interpretive model that weighs andorganizes" certain information (MacDonald et al., 2013). Thefoundation of the Bible would be to be interpretive in an approachthat views the scriptures in certain instances whereby the gospel iswell interpreted. When the gospel is preach, some believe in it, andothers do not. The two types of individuals, the believing and theunbelieving, interprets the gospel in a totally different way. Oneperson would understand the gospel based on God`s perspective, andanother would deny it, viewing it as an insult, which according toChristian counselors, is how the unbelieving views the world andunderstand it.
AMethodology of Christian Counseling
Themethodology applied in Christian counseling revolves aroundpragmatism. For one to be pragmatic, this section focuses on leadersas learners. Christian counseling focuses more on leadership despitethe practical approach, which nonetheless is arepresentationof a standard of maintaining a sense of excellence in counseling. Toachieve a standard of excellence, a counselor will have to worktowards two movements divergence and convergence. The first is about"internal alignment of beliefs, values, behaviors,andattitudes". And the second is about "stretching towardscurrent beliefs, values, habits, and preferences in a more desiredstate" (Sanders, 2013). Instances of convergence would call formore consistency in terms of the philosophy, theology, andmethodology. Christian counseling should ensure that deed and wordare inconsistent with each other. Divergence, on the other hand,presents a component of ceaseless dialectic.
ForChristian counselors that are internally committed to the excellenceof the practice ask questions that are in alignment with him or herand his or her learners. MacDonald et al. (2013) observed thatleaders as learners will turn out to be leaders who do not focus onproviding answers, but rather prefer to ask questions. Thebeneficiaries of continued and education of leadership tends tobenefit from strategic planning of concepts. An outline on how tohandle pragmatism in methodology is the main domain on responding toimplementation and curriculum design.
Foreffectiveness of any counseling model, the Christian counselor shouldbe in possession of basic skills for him or her to work from within aparticular framework. Skills in Christian counseling are veryimportant, and are required. The patient and the counselor must beable to function together despite the approach used. A Christiancounselor should be able to learn and emphasizes on authenticity andempathy during the sessions. Greggo& Sisemore (2012)observes that there has to be a certain level of truth and care. Andif the counselor, for instance, does not have such skills, there willbe difficulty in nurturing a productive relationship.
Someskills are not required for it to work with a caring attitude.Authenticity and empathy alone is not enough. Clinton et al. (2002)offered some of the basic techniques in which a Christian counselorought to apply in his or her tasks. These are attending, responding,listening, filtering, and teaching. There are lists of categoriesunder which the counselor will be acknowledged, and in different waysthat respond to the patients` situation. All the five skills assesswhat seems to compliment a Christian counselor. What would allow apatient to listen is discernment attended and probed well
Accordingto Sanders (2013), it is possible for an individual to be toodiscerning and over analyze the situation shown by the patient. Whatwould benefit a Christian counselor is having knowledge and wisdomthat will ensure having a better understanding of the Biblicalscripture and its function in different situations that may ariseduring the sessions. Cautions that may arise from the gifts are atendency to speak the truth, and that empathy is not applied.Whatever should come accompanied by the last two essences ofshepherding and evangelism is empathy (Greggo& Sisemore, 2012).These are characteristics that best fits a Christian counselor.Discernment would also work perfectly with them as far as shepherdingand evangelism are concerned.
Responsibilitiesof Christian Counselors
Grief,loss, and bereavement may be regarded as the most difficult emotions,which an individual may go through in his or her lifetime. Tounderstand how to handle these issues could be essential forChristian counselors because the patient may be touched directly orindirectly following personal relationships developed between thetwo. Bereavement is as a result of grieve, which takes placefollowing the death of a person. Instances of grief would also beexperienced after a “divorce, disaster, life transition, ormisfortune” (Davediuk,2013).These are emotions that are normal following human reactions.Christianity, according to Davediuk(2013),does not offer an escape route from grieving, but it gives a way togrief while having hope. In the Old and the New Testament, (Retrievefrom HTTPS:// emaeus.wordpress.com/2010/11/07), the old testament andthe New Testament grieving is found. It could be argued thatChristian hope in Biblical scriptures that point to the cross whilegrieving.
TheChristian counselor would be able to connect well with the patientsby using examples of Jesus Christ himself. To use examples from theBible to show Jesus` experiences is a way of showing empathy from Godto the patient. It helps to show that God is concerned and engaged ineach and every person and their struggles of fighting grief throughthe installation of hope through the act of bereavement. TheChristian counselors offer ultimate hope by using the Bible.Additionally, Christian counselors provide comfort, especially in anearthly realm, but the hope in Christianity is in waiting. When onepasses from this world, emotions and grief will be experiencedfirsthand. However, Christian counseling cautions that the scriptureshould not be applied in a manner that it provides a passage for ananswer to the ones grieving.
Christiancounselors have a responsibility with acceptance on the currentpsychological practices into the counseling practices with the lackof critical assessment. Others, however, have a resolute attempt toreject offers from social science. The responsibility of a Christiancounselor consists of identification of the specific problems in thepatient`s case presented identify principles from the Bible that arein line with the case. And apply these Biblical principles to thecase for better understanding of the case and solve it. Christiancounselors, however, should not take everything that God haspresented, but to also apply to the truths from social sciences,which is derived from the insights after studying the behavior ofman.
Thedifference in views of a patient is implied and applied in differentmodels of Christian counselling. There is the case of aclient-centered therapy, which assumes that everything is a potentialfor healing, growth, and change and that it resides within anindividual. Directive counselling is used to reflect on the totalhelplessness of a person, his or her sinful nature, and the lack ofstrength to assist him. Help is believed to originate from God andthe therapist. The former helps in heightening the patient’sdependency, but further weakens the therapist’s responsibility.
Thepsychological advantages of Christian Counseling
Christiancounseling is advantageous since when an individual is moreinterested in the answers than in better understanding the actualproblem, learning patience becomes easier. The patient would thus beable to experience patience and be more compassionate, especiallywhen listening to the counselors. However, there are a few instancesthat Christian counselors ought to put into consideration. Forexample, when the counselors are attending to the people, it would becomplicated to minimize or overlook certain effects that resulted inthe troublesome upbringing of a patient (In Sanders,2013).For example, when children that are brought up with the expectationsof turning out to be nurtured as loving and mature, into beingresponsible members of the community, they feel neglected, abused,or poorly guided. The outcome would have profound effects on theirrelationships and personal lives.
Christiancounseling thus can look back for a better understanding of theinfluences that shaped an individual while growing up and what shapestheir current approach to life. Christian counseling is advantageousover other forms of counseling since it is not meant to be that one,which is created in isolation, but in a nurtured social context. Forbetter for worse, MacDonald et al. (2013) noted that each personalstory is one way or the other, have been significant in shaping aperson.
Christiancounseling is advantageous because wisdom considers a widerperspective in what life holds while aiming at helping individuals intheir deeper spiritual needs. When it involves a deeper life issue,which individuals hold in patterns not flourishing based on God`swill. Then it is more often than not that a person`s spiritual andsocial context can be explored in a section of the diagnosis.Christian counseling is thus validated, because the one fact of thekey components of flourishing is the association of that one is incompany with.
However,Davediuk(2013)observed that there are some Christian counselors who react with thesuspicion towards what is of medical aid. The reaction is oftenaccompanied by negative posture, which is present bio-psychiatry andsecular-psychiatry. Christiancounseling,however, does not allow misguided or superficial assumptions, nomatter how condescending, to cause reactions among the Christiancounselors. It should be known, therefore, that a biblically-basedapproach to Christian counselingrespectsall dimensional forms of a person (Almy, 2000). These Christiancounselors use a wider possible lens for better understanding whileaddressing human behavior. All this offers the counselors with aholistic and unique advantage of being honest inhandlinghuman problems.
Tobe good, Christian counseling well-informs the ability to changetheir status quo. In a scenario where an individual commits heinousacts, Christian counseling gives hope of a better tomorrow(In Sanders, 2013).With such assessment, individuals are motivated to do good things andbecome better persons. For this reason, Christian counseling isobserved to have a psychological advantage over Biblical counseling.Also, Christian counseling seeks to obtain answers from within anindividual’s mind(Thomas & Sosin, 2011). As prior mentioned, according to Christian counseling, solutions arenot obtained from the Word of God rather they are the spill fromone`s mind. Consequently, it is inevitable to note therelationshipbetween psychology and Christian counseling (Clinton et al., 2002).
AccordingtoDavediuk (2013),some Christians consider psychology as a rival of Christianity but,Christian counseling aims to give the correct notion about the roleof psychology in Christian counseling. It is through the field ofpsychology that individuals gain a deeper comprehension of the natureof humankind. In addition, psychology attempts to give more insightinto human beings concerning God, as the Supreme Being (Davediuk,2013).Additionallyas mentioned prior to, Christian counseling is important because itdoes not fully forfeit Biblical tenets. As a psychological advantageChristian Counseling equips individuals with the knowledge that itincorporates psychology but, does not render psychology as theabsolute inference.
Itis important to note that Christian counseling revolves arounddifferent aspects of psychology. Irrespective of the fact thatpsychology began with Sigmund Freud, and Carl Jung there are otherbranches of the field that necessarily concerns Christian counseling.Consequently, Christian counselors employ different approachesdepending on the problem at hand. Furthermore, Christian counselingnot only equips individuals with the knowledge that God is thehighest being but, also informs them that individuals are capable ofrepairing the problems that are within themselves. Moreover, it isimportant to focus widely on Biblical counseling to fully understandthe psychological advantage of Christian counseling.
Accordingto Greggo & Sisemore, (2012), thereare aspects of humanity that are fixed by Biblical doctrines whilethere are those areas that are improved through secular teaching.Consequently, employment of Christian counseling is at an upper handas it houses both Biblical and secular teachings (MacDonald et al.,2013). As is opposed to Christian counseling, this form onlyincorporates matters of the Holy Spirit to assess clients. Accordingto Biblical counselors, it is solely the scripture of God thatprovides solutions to the problems of human beings. For this reason,these counselors do not believe in the need for psychology andpsychological approaches. However, taking this approach would provefutile as both Biblical and secular approaches are important in theaspects of human life.
Regardlessof the fact that the counselors are more experienced in the field,they are expected to give the clients an opportunity to stick totheir views and opinions. Christian counseling works within theindividual’s mind hence the psychological advantage dictates thatthe final opinion should emanate from the individual`s point of view(Almy, 2000). Furthermore, the psychological advantage of Christiancounseling makes it easier for Christians to employ psychology thatis then supplemented by the scriptures of the Bible. Also, due to itsconstituents, individuals gain more insight from Christiancounseling. However, counselors are trained not to impose theirbeliefs on clients forcefully as each one is entitled to theiropinion.
Christiancounseling is also important as it gives individuals practicalsolutions to various contemporary issues in the society. Concerningmatters of morality, Biblical counseling dictates that individualsshould pray, and shun the practice but, in the real sense that isnotnecessarilya solution (Adams& Recorded Books, 2010).On the other hand, the psychological advantage of Christiancounseling often equips individuals with actual and practicalsolutions to overcome the issue. Christian counseling providesindividuals with deeper insight regarding the ways in which they mayavoid temptations. Again, Christian Counseling equips individualswith knowledge concerning the reasons that tempt individuals toengage in sinful acts. Christian counseling offers practicalsolutions such as the ones prior mentioned. It is through therealization of the causes of sin that individuals can shy away fromthe sinful acts. Consequently,it is a fact that psychological advantage of Christian counselingrenders a better form as compared to secular counseling.
Thecounselors reckon that psychology is a tool that them to God who isthe final authority, and the giver of life. It is a proven fact thatindividuals realize that the psychological advantage requires thepresence of God for human beings to be fully satisfied (Almy, 2000). Christian counseling plays the role of assisting individuals inbecoming aware of their emotions. The psychological advantage alsoallows them to identify with God about their emotions and feelings.Unlike Biblical counseling, Christian counseling creates thepossibility of individuals getting in touch with their personalneeds, and desires (Foster& Foster, 2005).As prior mentioned, psychology is not the ultimate end concerningChristian counseling.
ConcerningChristian counseling, there are a good number of people who haveshared their testimonies to give an overview of the form ofcounseling. Additionally, it is important to note thatthereare some Christian counselors who employ Biblical teachings in alarger scope of their teachings. However, they also incorporatepsychological approaches while still focusing more on Biblicalteachings. For this reason, it is necessary for counselors to be wellversed in their field for the execution of commendable results. Infact, it is noted that most of those who have benefited fromChristian counseling are married couples. According toInSanders (2013), most of the couples have stayed together for a longtime and undergo Christian counseling to improve their marriages.Through the psychological advantage of Christian counseling, thesecouples believe that their marriage lives instantly improve after thecounseling sessions. Also, the counseling sessions serve in assistingthe married couples in facing the various challenges and troublesencountered in life. According to Foster & Foster (2005),Christian counseling has played a great role in improving, andenhancing many marriages.
Accordingto, incompetent counselors often give false information to clientshence rendering the sessions futile (Thomas & Sosin, 2011). Awell-trained Christian counselor is useful and assists individuals inachieving the psychological advantages of Christian counseling.Moreover, for the Christian counseling psychological advantages tobeing fruitful individuals ought to settle for competent counselors.According to Thomas & Sosin (2011), it is necessary for clientsto observe certain credentials such as the presence of licenses, thelevel of faith, and possession of a university degree, among others.The type of counselor, an individual is affiliated to plays anextreme role in the achieved results.
Christiancounseling incorporates all Biblical counseling and the tenets ofpsychology. Also, it is important for the parties to realize thatthe final authority is God. According to Greggo & Sisemore(2012), different Christian counselors employ different approaches toBiblical scriptures. Who borrow very heavily from the Bibleteachings, while others employ a snippet of the Bible scriptures intotheir counseling sessions? Moreover, Christian counselors areseento forsake completely some aspects emanating from the Word of God.
Itis through Biblical counseling that Christian counselors understandthe real problem within their clients during the assessment. As priormentioned, the integration of psychology and Christianityhas assisted some individuals concerning Christian counseling(Clintonet al., 2002).These counselors more often ignore matters to do with the reality andpower of God thus depicting psychology to be more important thanBible scriptures. It is for this reason that some Christians believethat psychology is the religion taking the place of Christianity(Clintonet al., 2002).Also, it is salient to note that counseling is powerful concerningcomprehension of oneself, and that of the concept of Christ`s actionsin one`s life. It is also necessary to incorporate Biblicalcounseling in the understanding of the psychological advantages ofChristian counseling. Through Biblical counseling, individuals obtaininsight concerning the form of counseling hence easily distinguishingit from Christian counseling (Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). In fact,most counselors outline that the two forms of counseling areinterdependent because they borrow some teachings from one another.
Accordingto Adams (2010), human beings cannot operate based on one end hencethey require both secular psychologies, and biblical scriptures tolead satisfactory, and fulfilling lives. It should be observed thatscientists and psychologists have proved the existence of therelationship between psychology, and the Word of God. Thepsychologists reckon that the lives of human beings are not onlycontrolled by the scriptures but also, by the mind (Clintonet al., 2002).Consequently, an integration of the scriptures and the mind result inChristian counseling that incorporates both worlds. Moreover,psychologists outline that human beings are a complicated speciesthus the need for psychology that assists counselors in understandingthis complicated nature(Clintonet al., 2002).
TheseChristian counselors incorporate secular psychology, often settle fortechniques, and theories that, are the best design to theirindividualistic preferences. Biblical doctrines, Holy Spirit, and thescriptures are not sufficient in delineating the complicated natureof man (Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). The psychological advantages ofChristian counseling also outline that Christian counselors are at anupper hand of changing the society as compared to Biblicalcounselors. Due to their teachings, their clients are clearlyassessed without any form of limitations (Greggo & Sisemore,2012). It is also necessary to remember that Christian counselorsuphold the Bible and view it as a source of inspiration during theassessment of their clients. Through taking the approach of secularpsychology it is evident that there are a good number ofpsychological advantages concerning Christian counseling (Clinton etal., 2002).
Regardlessof the fathomable psychological advantages of Christian counseling,some Christians do not endorse the integration of psychology andChristianity. Also, it is salient that scientists have provedpsychological methods of Christian counseling and compared with God`sHoly Scripture. Psychology plays a key role in getting a clearpicture and understanding Christianity and Christianity counseling.According to psychologists spirituality and spiritual acts todirectly impact the lives of an individual. It is often assumed thatpsychology, and Christianity both lean toward different views. Hence,they cannot be classified together. However, research has depictedthat there are other aspects of psychology that are considered to bepositive. For this reason, they are classified together with tenetsof Christianity in a bid to produce better results (McMinn, 2011).
Biblicalcounseling is often referred to as pastoral endeavors because the aimof these counselors is to cleanse wholly and assess their clientswith the Holy Blood of Jesus Christ (McMinn, 2011). Therefore, thenecessity as mentioned above of psychology in Christian counseling isvalid because this form of counseling incorporates secularpsychology. According to McMinn (2011), Christian counseling isimportant in the mending of an individual’s spiritual life throughnon-spiritual ways. Christian counseling revolves around the art ofassessing clients concerning secular psychology and Bible scriptures.It is important to note that biblical counseling forfeits all mattersto do with secular psychology hence it wholly derives its approachesfrom the Bible. Through Christian counseling, individuals areassessed concerning both spiritual and non-spiritual ways, and thatplays a great role in producing desired results. On the other hand,Biblical counseling wholly refers to the bible hence it does notyield substantial results.
Christiancounselling ought to become a vivid encounter between the counselorand the patient, and also through the counselor, the encounter wouldalso be between the patient and God. The task of a Christiancounselor is to enhance the encounter while assisting the client tounderstand better that one must carry the response and responsibilityof oneself (Almy, 2000). According To Almy (2000), at absolutely noseparate way is Christina philosophies of Christian counsellingseparate sharply the belief instilled in the work of the Holy Spirit.Awareness is manifesting in Christian believes to be able to tap intothe supernatural, spiritual, and a source of Divine power that worksin both the client and the counsellor.
Additionally,a more responsible way of an individual is to nurture a relationshipthat must, therefore, recognize the sinful way of a person. Toencourage him or her, and assume responsibility for his or herbehavior and feelings, and together with the counselor, rely on whatpower the Holy Spirit intends to subject on the client. Consequently,the reliance is not an avoidance of a technique considering God isnot overwhelmed by us and thus forces us into His wishes.
Psychologyplays a key role in getting a clear picture and understandingChristianity and Christianity counseling. According to psychologistsspirituality and spiritual acts to directly impact the lives of anindividual. It is often assumed that psychology, and Christianityboth lean toward different views hence they cannot be classifiedtogether. However, research has depicted that there are other aspectsof psychology that are considered to be positive. For this reason,they are classified together with tenets of Christianity in a bid toproduce better results (McMinn, 2011). Regardless of the fathomablepsychological advantages of Christian counseling, some Christians donot endorse the integration of psychology and Christianity. Also, itis salient that psychological methods of Christian counseling havebeen proven by scientists, and compared with God’s Holy Scripture.
Christiancounseling revolves around the art of assessing clients with regardto secular psychology, and bible scriptures. It is important to notethat biblical counseling forfeits all matters to do with secularpsychology hence it wholly derives its approaches from the Bible.Biblical counseling is often referred to as pastoral endeavorsbecause the aim of these counselors is to wholly cleanse, and assesstheir clients with the Holy Blood of Jesus Christ (McMinn, 2011).Therefore, the aforementioned necessity of psychology in Christiancounseling is valid due to the fact that this form of counselingincorporates secular psychology. According to McMinn (2011),Christian counseling is important in the mending of an individual’sspiritual life through non-spiritual ways. Through Christiancounseling, individuals are assessed with regard to both spiritualand non-spiritual ways, and that plays a great role in producingdesired results. On the other hand, biblical counseling wholly refersto the bible hence it does not yield substantial results (Clinton etal., 2002).
Christiancounseling informs individuals of their goodness and their abilityto change their status quo. In the event where an individual commitsheinous acts, Christian counseling gives hope of a better tomorrow(In Sanders, 2013). With such assessment, individuals are motivatedto do good things, and become better persons. For this reason,Christian counseling is observed to have a psychological advantageover biblical counseling. Additionally, Christian counseling seeks toobtain answers from within an individual’s mind (In Sanders, 2013). As prior mentioned, according to Christian counseling, solutions arenot obtained from the Word of God rather they are sought from one’smind. Consequently, it is inevitable to note the relationship betweenpsychology and Christian counseling (Clinton et al., 2002).
Furthermore,Christian counseling not only equips individuals with the knowledgethat God is the highest being but, also informs them that individualsare capable of repairing the problems that are within themselves.Also, it is important to note that Christian counseling revolvesaround different aspects of psychology. Irrespective of the fact thatpsychology began with Sigmund Freud, and Carl Jung there are otherbranches of the field that are necessary with regard to Christiancounseling. Consequently, Christian counselors employ differentapproaches depending on the problem at hand. For example when aclient has issues leaning toward grief, they are not given the sametreatment that is given to a client struggling with addictions(Davediuk, 2013).
Also,as prior mentioned Christian counseling is beneficial because itdoes not fully forfeit Biblical tenets. As a psychological advantageChristian counseling equips individuals with the knowledge that itincorporates psychology but, does not render psychology as theabsolute inference. According to Davediuk (2013), some Christiansconsider psychology as a rival of Christianity but, Christiancounseling aims to give the correct notion pertaining to the role ofpsychology in Christian counseling. It is through the field ofpsychology that individuals gain a deeper comprehension of the natureof humankind. In addition, psychology attempts to give more insightto human beings with regard to God, as the Supreme Being (Davediuk,2013).
Moreover,it is important to widely focus on Biblical counseling in order tofully understand the psychological advantage of Christian counseling.Biblical counseling may also be referred to Nouthetic counselingthat revolves around counseling based on the teachings of Christ, andthe Holy Bible (Almy, 2000). As opposed to Christian counseling, thisform only incorporates matters of the Holy Spirit in order to assessclients. According to Biblical counselors, it is solely the Word ofGod that provides solutions to the problems of human beings. For thisreason, these counselors do not believe in the need for psychologyand psychological approaches. However, taking this approach wouldprove futile as both Biblical and secular approaches are importantin the aspects of human life. According to Greggo & Sisemore,(2012), there are aspects of humanity that are fixed by Biblicalteachings while there are those areas that are improved by secularteaching. Consequently, employment of Christian counseling is at anupper hand as it houses both Biblical and secular teachings(MacDonald et al., 2013).
Furthermore,the psychological advantage of Christian counseling makes it easierfor Christians to employ psychology which is then supplemented bythe scriptures of the Bible. Also, due to its constituents,individuals gain more insight from Christian counseling. However,counselors are trained not to forcefully impose their beliefs onclients as each one is entitled to their opinion. Regardless of thefact that the counselors are more experienced in the field, they areexpected to give the clients an opportunity to stick to their views,and opinions. Christian counseling works within the individual’smind hence the psychological advantage dictates that the finalopinion should emanate from the individual’s point of view (Almy,2000).
Christiancounseling is also important as it gives individuals practicalsolutions to various contemporary issues in the society. With regardto matters of morality, Biblical counseling dictates that individualsshould pray, and shun the practice but, in real sense that is notnecessarily a solution (Davediuk, 2013). On the other hand, thepsychological advantage of Christian counseling often equipsindividuals with actual and practical solutions in order to overcomethe issue. Christina counseling gives individuals deeper insightregarding the ways in which they may avoid temptations. Also,Christian counseling equips individuals with knowledge concerning thereasons that tempt individuals to engage in sinful acts. Christiancounseling offers practical solutions such as the ones priormentioned. It is through the realization of the causes of sin thatindividuals are able to shy away from the sinful acts. Consequently,it is important to note that the psychological advantage of Christiancounseling renders it a better form as compared to Biblicalcounseling (MacDonald et al., 2013).
Christiancounseling plays the role of assisting individuals in becoming awareof their emotions. The psychological advantage also allows them toidentify with God in relation to their emotions, and feelings. UnlikeBiblical counseling, Christian counseling creates the possibility ofindividuals getting in touch with their personal needs, and desires(MacDonald et al., 2013). As prior mentioned, psychology is not theultimate end with regard to Christian counseling. The counselorsreckon that psychology is a tool that them to God who is the finalauthority, and the giver of life. It is also important forindividuals to realize that the psychological advantage requires thepresence of God in order for human beings to be fully satisfied(Almy, 2000).
Inaddition, it is important to note that there are some Christiancounselors who employ Biblical teachings in a larger scope of theirteachings. However, they also incorporate psychological approacheswhile still focusing more on Biblical teachings. For this reason, itis necessary for counselors to be well versed in their field forexecution of commendable results. With regard to Christiancounseling, there are a good number of people who have shared theirtestimonies in order to give an overview of the form of counseling.In fact, it is noted that most of those who have benefited fromChristian counseling are married couples. According to In Sanders(2013), most of the couples have stayed together for a long time, andundergo Christian counseling in order to improve their marriages.Through the psychological advantage of Christian counseling, thesecouples believe that their marriage lives instantly improve after thecounseling sessions. In addition, the counseling sessions serve inassisting the married couples in facing the various challenges andtroubles encountered in life. According to Foster & Foster(2005), Christian counseling has played a great role in improving,and enhancing many marriages.
Moreover,for the Christian counseling psychological advantages to be fruitfulindividuals ought to settle for competent counselors. According toThomas & Sosin (2011), it is necessary for clients to observecertain credentials such as presence of licenses, level of faith, andpossession of a university degree, among others. The type ofcounselor an individual is affiliated to plays an extreme role in theachieved results. According to, incompetent counselors often givefalse information to clients hence rendering the sessions futile(Thomas & Sosin, 2011). A well-trained Christian counselor isuseful and assists individuals in achieving the psychologicaladvantages of Christian counseling.
Christiancounseling incorporates all the tenets of psychology, and Biblicalcounseling. In addition, it is important for the parties to realizethat the final authority is God. Whether through psychology orbiblical scriptures, the end result emanates from the Supreme Being.According to Greggo & Sisemore (2012), different Christiancounselors employ different approaches in relation to Biblescriptures who borrow very heavily from the Bible teachings, whileothers employ a snippet of the Bible scriptures into their counselingsessions. Moreover, Christian counselors are seen to completelyforsake some aspects emanating from the Word of God.
Thesecounselors more often ignore matters to do with the reality and powerof God thus depicting psychology to be more important than Biblescriptures. It is for this reason that some Christians believe thatpsychology is the religion taking the place of Christianity (Clintonet al., 2002). Also, it is salient to note that counseling ispowerful with regard to comprehension of oneself, and that of theconcept of Christ’s actions in one’s life. It is also necessaryto incorporate Biblical counseling in understanding of thepsychological advantages of Christian counseling. Through Biblicalcounseling, individuals obtain insight concerning the form ofcounseling hence easily distinguishing it from Christian counseling(Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). In fact, most counselors outline thatthe two forms of counseling are interdependent because they borrowsome teachings from one another. It is through Biblical counselingthat Christian counselors understand the real problem within theirclients during assessment. As prior mentioned, the integration ofpsychology, and Christianity has assisted some individuals withregard to Christian counseling (Clinton et al., 2002).
Itshould be observed that scientists and psychologists have proved theexistence of the relationship between psychology, and the Word ofGod. The psychologists reckon that the lives of human beings are notonly controlled by the scriptures but also, by the mind (Clinton etal., 2002). Consequently, an integration of the scriptures, and themind result in Christian counseling which incorporates both worlds.According to Adams (2010), human beings cannot operate based on oneend hence they require both secular psychology, and biblicalscriptures in order to lead satisfactory, and fulfilling lives.Moreover, psychologists outline that human beings are a complicatedspecies thus the need for psychology which assists counselors inunderstanding this complicated nature (Clinton et al., 2002).
TheHoly Spirit, Biblical teachings, and scriptures are not sufficient indelineating the complicated nature of man (Greggo & Sisemore,2012). The psychological advantages of Christian counseling alsooutline that Christian counselors are at an upper hand of changingthe society as compared to Biblical counselors. Due to theirteachings, their clients are clearly assessed without any form oflimitations (Davediuk, 2013). It is also necessary to remember thatChristian counselors uphold the Bible, and view it as a source ofinspiration during assessment of their clients. In addition, thesecounselors incorporate secular psychology, and they often settle fortechniques, and theories that are best suited to theirindividualistic preferences. Through taking the approach of secularpsychology, it is evident that there are a good number ofpsychological advantages with regard to Christian counseling (Clintonet al., 2002).
AnIntegration of the Biblical Principles in Counseling:PsychologyFiltered Through the Scripture
Secularpsychologists work well on the biopsychosocial model of behavior andhuman development. This biopsychosocial model proposes that humansoperate and develop according to psychological, biological, andsocial influences. According to Clinton et al. (2002), we are allproducts of our own environment and biology, which both bears equalimportance. In recent times, psychologists have come to therealization that individuals’ spirituality has an impact on liveshowever, they are yet to term it as imperative for life. Consideringsome traditional psychological models and theories based upon a senseof naturalism, they are still insufficient when viewed from aChristian counseling perspective. There are however, a lot ofpositive and helpful aspects of Christian psychology to beconsidered, and thus more need for integration.
Greggo& Sisemore (2012) believes that successful integration betweenChristianity and psychology was a passion of them. The however triedto tread carefully on the subject. Being a trained secular doctor,they identified their shortcomings while relating it to psychologyand theological integration. In recent times, they noted that thenuances of Integrationist, Christian Psychology, and Biblicalcounselling models have since been evaluated with more notablebrains. When integrating Christianity with psychology, there areimportant points to consider, and are believed to fall under thecontinuum between the two.
i. Prominencein the Scripture and the Gospel
Theuse and belief of the Gospel and the Scripture are regarded as themost relevant differences between the Christian psychology andsecular world. Christian psychologist for instance, considers theirworldview to be determined by the Scripture. Not only do they seetheir clients as people in need of God, but their understanding ofdisorders and mental illness also also based on the Gospel worldview.Their therapeutic practices as a result, tend utilize the Scripturewith the intention of healing the needy while glorifying Jesus.
ii. Operatingon the Middle Ground
Asa trained secular psychologist, he or she appreciates the humannature’s biopsychosocial model. To learn more about humancomplexities provides them with notable frameworks to understand andhelp their clients. The environmental influence of people’spersonality, the human brain intricacies, and the culture and socialimpact on people’s lives, according to Sanders (2013), remindspeople of their lives and that of pathology, which would not simplybe reduced to such issues as sin and morality. A Christian on theother hand, acknowledges that all human beings are separatedinherently from God. The separated, according to Sanders (2013),causes sin, disorder, and every kind of diseases. However, Christiancounselors are satisfied because they serve as a just and loving Godwho provides a solution and a way out of people’s depraved statethrough his son, Jesus Christ.
iii. Seculartechniques would be helpful
Itis not wrong to use certain interventions of secular therapyhowever, the overdependence and over reliant use of such techniquesis. Personal testimonies and research conducted reveals that majorityof secular interventions have been successful in their abatement ofthe symptoms. The independent integration of such techniques however,falls short since they create individuals that are symptoms-free(Sanders, 2013). The end result cannot offer total dependence onsalvation, sanctification, or on the Lord. The eventual result isnothing other than the freedom achieved from the current symptoms.Adams (2010) wrote that the underlying pathological causes(separation from God), has since not been solved. It is thereforehard to eliminate or remove the Gospel from therapy, and also hard tothrow away all instances of secular techniques.
Toget rid of research-based therapeutic practice, interventions wouldbe considered a disservice to counselors’ clients. Failure toprovide clients with the skills that would help alleviate their levelof psychological torture is again not a preferable stewardship of ourknowledge. Adams (2010) observed that to help a child withhyperactivity or attention-deficit disorder, supply their schoolswith necessary materials, modeling, and explaining the use ofappropriate time-out to the parents, teaching them diaphragmaticbreathing, and challenging with negative thoughts, are some of theexamples of psychology secular techniques, which do not challengepsychology based on the scripture.
TheCounselors’ Use of the Scripture
WhenChristian counselors do not pay attention to interpersonal processesto assist in relationships, there would be a high chance they woulduse some techniques that selfishly assist to serve their own needs,desires, and purposes without much consideration to the client’sparticular needs. Whether it is intentional or not, when thesecounselors attend to their own needs, the interventions put intoplace and desire to heal relationships, loses value, just like thesunset picture, which does not capture the experienced vibrancy whenviewing it with the naked eye. In spite of all this, the potentialfor much harm increases. This happen when the genuine use of theScripture is handled and used in a manner that is unthoughtful.
i. WhyUse the Scriptures?
Forall persuasions in theology, Christians believe passionately that theScriptures from the Bible contain the actual words and the God’spresence. Not only are they the words of God, but are His actualwords to humanity, according to MacDonald et al. (2013). Thus we ashuman beings turn to God, especially when we are hurting, rejoicing,confused, or as the book of Isaiah in the Bible puts it – yearningand waiting for God and his renown to power be made known to everyone– (26:8-9). Put into consideration the following beneficial effectsthe Bible provides to clinical work.
Secondaryreasons: Teaching and training. The book of 2nd Timothy 3:16 tells usthat the God’s Scripture is important in training, teaching, andcorrecting its people so that we are able to serve God. WhenChristians study the Bible and absorb it, these Christians have achance to gain in discernment and understanding in regard to theworld we live in. The Bible is different from the novel the novelthat we tend to read once in a while and talks it over with otherpeople. Rather, the Bible is a continuous meditation on it thatenables Christians to identify the good and stay away from the evil(Hebrews 5:14).
Thebook of Psalms tells us that the law of God is a source of sense andcomfort (119:52). Apostle Paul encourages the Corinthians thatprophecy, which is also the word of God, has an intended purpose. Thepurpose is to comfort, encourage, and strengthen the believers (1Corinthians 14:3). The Bible acts as a comfort tool, but it is alsothe builder of hope. Hope that God will eventually deliver and keepthe promises He had made (Sanders, 2013). Apostle Paul in the book ofRomans 15 educates the reader that, “everything that had beenwritten in the past, was meant to teach us so that our endurance andencouragement of the Bible, would result in Hope” (MacDonald etal., 2013). The Psalms 119 expresses the manner in which the Psalmistfinds a sense of hope in the word of God that Isaiah suggests thateven the mountains and islands find hope in His laws (42:4).
ThePrimary Reason: Connection with God. It is easy to sum up theScriptures’ value as something that is able to provoke and comfortthe counselee, which is also at the heart of majority of counselingstrategies. These counselors aim at comforting and encouraging thosethat are hurting. Yet, humans are also interested in urging them togrow in areas that they may have been stuck. As much as it is not onthe encyclopedia for every single problem, the Scripture is rich inguiding and counseling for God’s people considering they live in“broken world” (Adams, 2010). Christian counseling is a salve forwounds, discipline for the wayward, offers hope for the hopeless,comfort for the depressed, and the addicts find assistance for livingwith distorted desire. The listed are the resources and riches theBible offers, and it would be foolish for the Christian counselors toassume and neglect such resources.
Advantageoususe of the Scripture in Therapeutic Settings
Theuse of Scripture in Christian counseling ensures human beings becomemore thoughtful. The advantageous use of the scripture does not actas guidelines, which should not be seen as rules nor do they possesspower themselves. Almy (2000) cautions one to be wary of those thatattempt to turn the guidelines into methods that never fail. Theadvantage is that when trying to consider the use of a particulartechnique, the clinicians perform well, especially when consideringinstances of assessment, competency, and well-informed consent.
Theuse of the Scripture during counseling is in similar occasionrequires well-crafted consideration of human competency to do so,which include potential personal biasness, client and understandingof the purposes, consideration, and contextual concerns (Adams,2010). These consideration and concerns have the ability to improveand advance on the therapeutic relationships, while achieving thepurpose for its original intended purpose.
Competency:Competent care dictates the hallmark of the entire therapeutic codeof ethics. The codes, according to Almy (2000), call for theclinicians to acquire training and expertise for the employedinterventions. He further reiterated that, “in those emergencyparts in which acceptable recognized preparatory standards oftraining are not in existence, and the psychologist take reasonablesteps in ensuring the work’s competence…”
Consideringthe lack of literature body and training in clinical therapy formajority of spiritual interventions, the Christian counselors maydemand to seek out discipleship experts and pastoral care thatpossess their own ability to use the Bible well. Such kind oftraining would include the principles of hermeneutic and knowledge ofthe many literary genres. However, it will necessarily include thetraining in the Scripture’s art of incorporating the Bible andopening it to individuals to ways of experiencing the growth ofself-awareness and God.
AvoidingBiases: The section of competent Christian counselors is a part ofthe ongoing personal biasedness evaluation. The biases are likely tobe present however, they ought to understand and reduce their impacton other people. Christian counselors use the Bible and itsscriptures to do well in reviewing and comparing personal experiencesfrom the Bible, more so from other’s hands. But how might theabusive experiences of the text impact therapeutic evidenceapplications?
TheMessage has to go through one first: Just the way the counselorsshould not rely much on superficial knowledge with interveningtreatment and neither would they use the Bible and its Scriptureswithout substantial practice and familiarity. MacDonald et al. (2013)advice that when Christian counselors uses the Scripture withouthaving to wrestle personality with its message and meaning,individuals tend to do so in a more superficial manner. If one has todo total justice to the word of God, then one must go through them,but be on our need to kneel and pray so as to avoid the counsel thatwe has human beings do not have to follow.
Assessment:Competency in clinical intervention is included through theassessment of humans, which is prior to initiation of interventionstrategy. When using Biblical Scriptures in counseling, wiseChristian counselors put into consideration matters ofcontextualizing goals, people, and contextualized message ofdelivery. Just like the Gospel of Mathew, value interest in HebraicBible readers, Athenian culture is addressed by Paul, at theAreopagus. Similarly, human beings consider the best helpful ways tocommunicate with each other by use of explicit and implicit messagesused in Christian counseling. Though Christian counseling is notregarded to be evangelism in real sense, individuals attempt to passacross the message that is likely to be received and internalized inthe manner that is intended.
TheContextualized Message: Every clinical care occurs within and runsacross relational and cultural contexts. The counselors considermatters of current events, culture, relational attachments, history,and transference when determining the most efficient and effectiveinterventions, which is advantageous when compared to other forms ofcounseling (MacDonald et al., 2013). The Christian counselor inquestion uses the Scripture whenever he or she wants to determine themanner in which these factors influence the kind of passageconsidered the most effective.
Flexibilityin the Delivery Form: The work undergone in contextualization ofBiblical messages to the patient begin the moment that the meetingbetween the counselors and the counselees meet to collect personaldata and background, and is continued until termination. In such ascenario, the spirit leading the counselor humbly recognizes the needto pray and process over the manner in which they bring forth thecounselee to the text and ultimately near God (Davediuk, 2013).Additionally, whether he seek answers to read them loud, act out,read silently, meditate upon words, image, or phrase whether weassign or paraphrase a reading it like homework, it is thusimperative that we put into consideration why we tend to choose thiskind of form to avoid falling into unhelpful myopia.
Follow-up:Wise Christian counselors’ interventions and statements ought toelicit and stir counselees to continue with the reflection anddialogue. When Christian counselors fall into the temptation ofmaking speech, whether in favor of it or against the counselees, orintervention without reflecting, it less likely lead into thecounselees’ activity, for example attempting on, fighting with it,and the like (Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). All the same, theeffective use of the Bible and its Scriptures is required to promotethe ongoing dialogue between the counselee and the counselor. Whilecertain questions asked during the therapy may appear obvious, thespirit, shape, and rapport created behind them are very important(Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). Awkward attempt and missteps thattries out the passage during a session does not necessarily mean orannounce failure, especially when follow-up questions reveal that thecounselor only cares about honest response and the client’squestions.
Theadvantages of follow-up are even more important, especially whenusing the Bible and Scriptures to teach, correct, and confront (Almy,2010). To consider Paul’s letters in the Bible that talked aboutheadship and submissive marriage, both the victims and abusers haveused the Scripture (Ephesians 5) to excuse oneself in all kinds ofevil behavior. MacDonald et al. (2013) observed that it would be yet,unless the biblical Scripture is not a mere repository of the truthbut is a connective tissue that connects people with Christ it isthus unlikely that the most pursuant arguments will have a lot ofimpact.
InformedConsent: The counselees are more likely to improve and flourish whenthey possess a clear sense of direction, agreement, purpose, andmethods of intervening therapy. If at all the purpose of applyingbiblical text is not stated clearly, then the clients are more likelyto consider their own to be possible but with inaccurate conclusions(MacDonald et al., 2013). Christian counselors will more likelydemand every opportunity to have a discussion on the value, reason,and possible impact it will have on the client. The discussions havethe higher possibility of assisting the clients to avoidmisconstruing and misunderstanding the purpose of the Bible in theprotocol of treatment.
BenefitsPsychology Offers a Christian Counselor
Itis an important issue to have a look at considering Christians couldbe better equipped to serve the needs of other people and evenhandled their own problems. This would easily be done when theyembrace the actual truth that is found in psychology. The founder ofnouthetic counseling, Jay Adams, admitted that he believed that everyother Christian is able and is expected by the lord to offercounseling a few times within he or her schedule (Sanders, 2013). Ifpeople run away from psychology, we stand the risk of chasing awaythose people at the time of need. We ourselves would eventually losethe benefits we would likely have gained all through the years ofresearch and what the study of psychology has to offer.
Counselingis very important and plays a huge role, more so in life and in theministry of Christianity. The book of proverbs says that, “Hear thecounsel and receive instructions, that thou may be wise until theend” (19:20). Many years of psychological study enables thecounselors to be very effective in assisting people with relationaland personal difficulties. Psychology aids in documentation,assessment, diagnosis, behavior modification, treatment planning, andeven rearranging furniture in the office, all in the best interest ofthe client.
Accordingto Clinton et al. (2002), psychology as a whole, offers a better anddeeper understanding of the patterns of individuals’ thoughts sothat the counselor in question can equip them with life challenges.Consequently, there are all probable resources, which can be used tooffer treatment to heal an individual’s relationship standards andgoals. If at all we are going to assume responsibility as Christiancounselors, we should thus take advantage of whatever the psychologyhas to offer (Clinton et al., 2002).
TheoriesHeld up to Scripture: To hold up the Scripture to secular theories ofpsychology and throwing up concepts that match with what the word ofGod teaches, is integral in theology and psychology. Practicallyspeaking, all this is accomplished through exploration of how thewidely accepted theories of psychology today is viewed, or aspects ofthose psychology theories could be used in conjunction with thebiblical Scripture used for counseling. This type of thoroughresearch study provides additional benefits since it helps inachieving a better understanding of the problem and its possiblesolution (McMinn, 2011). Psychological theories have to be betterfiltered through the Scripture from the bible for two intendedpurposes: To preserve what is considered the truth in them and falsein those psychology theories.
Basingit on person-centered therapy, the therapist tends to extract thegoodness that comes from the client, which was originally there(McMinn, 2011). Rodger’s person-centered therapy is actually basedon the “belief that a person seeking assistance is the well-judgedtowards the direction that result in growth” (Almy, 2010). The bookof Obadiah in the Bible disagrees with the theory. The Scripture putsa sense of responsibility on every person for his own theory. It putscertain level of responsibility, while justice is executed by theLord God Himself in a bid to establish righteousness.
Additionally,we can assume certain things from the Rodgers theories however, wemust also always hold onto the man’s ideas that are up against theScripture. This is because it is an example of how unique anddifferent thoughts from God are about his own things (Davediuk,2013). Since we have offered protection to ourselves from the basisof danger from Rodger’s theory, it is thus fair to also acknowledgewhatever he said that was genuine, true, and useful in therapy.
Counselingand Clinical Psychology
Clinicaland counseling psychologists have talked a lot about the integrationof practice and faith. One advantage the Christian psychologists haveis acquiring a Biblical view of human beings nature and the manner inwhich God intervenes to assist people in trouble. After doing this, aChristian psychologist then examines every proposed psychotherapymodel (Clinton et al., 2002). To compare its philosophicalassumptions with its personality models, abnormality, health, andpsychotherapy, God’s total view and Christian presuppositions isthen presented in the human beings.
Thestep is advantageous considering it requires clear thoughts andevaluations of every therapy aspect model. This evaluative processideally, would occur frequently at the higher level. Unfortunately,most Christian psychologist is not necessarily in programs with theChristian world view. Those with it have a very distinct advantage inthe process, even though some Christian institutions are to a largerextent intentional than others about assisting students go throughthe evaluative process (Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). Majority ofpsychologists come to terms with their own psychotherapy model, butafter confronting the practical realities. What would be veryadvantageous at this point the previous experiences of evaluationmodels.
Davediuk(2013) have come up with appraisal psychotherapy models. Every majormodel is thoroughly and carefully compared with most of the Christianpresuppositions. They concluded in the end that, “no theory of thetheories could be rejected out of the hand however, none could alsobe wholeheartedly endorsed by a Christian counseling” (Davediuk,2013). Every single theory is lacking, especially when it is comparedwith God’s view however, some drags closer than others based onthe Worldview of the Bible. While the God’s word presents a greatdeal in terms of personhood, it however fails to propose the exactpsychology until today.
Importanceof Anthropology for Christian Counseling
First,it offers a narrative optic, more so with organizing the empiricalinformation. Most of the domains and in particular the most importantones provide anthropological dominant categories for organizinginformation that pertains human personality, future flourishing, andpathology (Davediuk, 2013). To organize information in this mannerhelps Christian counselors in viewing deep into people’s aspects.
McMinn(2011) observed how this optic can represent a predictive role in theinvestigation while coming to understand the disorder’s origins. Iffor example an adult client is faced with problems with issues ofintimacy or always feeling uncomfortable with interpersonal setting,would force one to refuse being in the relationship. It is a fair,but by no means infallible, the presumptions for the therapists toguide the direction of psychological therapy.
Secondly,these domains can offer a normative hermeneutic of the interpretivelens for the interpretation of clinical information. Every domainpresent normative truths that concerns people with implications forpeople flourishing spousal complementary, engendered embodiment, andthe need for selfless love. This is advantageous as it presentcentrality to the family, responsible freedom know ability of thetruth, and nature’s perfectibility. Additionally, these are usefulbecause of the interpretive principles for the empirical data (Almy,2010). Christian counseling steers one away from having falseconcluding statements, which the data may be interpreted in responseto erroneous principles may justify.
Thirdly,McMinn (2011) noted that they provide a more cosmological,eschatological, and ontological backdrop for placing human existencein a more disordered world. Christian counseling provides answersthat weigh transcendent questions, for example, the origin, nature,and human destiny. In addition, it also question evils of a person,profession’s relevancy, and the gravest human soul disorders.Again, it provides the epistemological foundation for underlyingassumptions of psychology of basic goodness of a person and groundsof hope across the universe.
Althoughthe philosophical and theological domains has to necessary sticktogether for the entire anthropological picture, however, philosophicdomains to be better assented and understood to. Christian counselorscan prevail on their own and better still be normative working inorganizations and interpretations of empirical findings. In relationto this, the most controversial implicating scenarios are all obviousenough (MacDonald et al., 2013). In relation to these, Christiancounselors are posited to give and receive self-sacrificing love tobe the center of love and within human relational flourishment.Davediuk (2013) noted that it will conflict selfist tendencies of themajority of modern systems of beliefs. Christian counselors emphasizeto their clients the need and importance of knowing God.
Christiancounselors emphasizes on posits on the importance of getting to knowGod and having the good will conflict with the beliefs of those onesin denial. The objectivity and transcendent of the good and goingtrue nuptial significance of people’s sexual complements thatconflicts with people defined by gender. In every case, the beliefthat opposes in just that, it is not a concluding necessity to anempirical fact. It is therefore not a concluding belief to proceedsfrom some of the clearly defined and least manifested implicitnormative to anthropological framework. This serves in organizing,interpreting, and existent situation to the empirical findings.
Psychologydefines human emotions behaviorally as part of complex patterns ofreactions in which individuals try to deal with significantpsychological events. Christian counseling, according to Clinton etal. (2002), involves behavioral, experimental, and physiologicaldimension. In Christian philosophy, emotions are defined to be apsychic activity at a person’s sensory part. This happens when thecreatures are able to away or forward towards objects that hassensible interest. Counselors warned that emotions enable peoplesurge forward, take interest, interact with what surrounds them.
Duringcounseling, moral reasoning better explained by Kohlberg’s theoryon the manner in which they are generated, and on the amount of whatis dominating the field. The theory, according to MacDonald et al.(2013), focused primarily on the improvement and development of moralunderstanding and reasoning during counseling sessions. Even with itsadvantages, the philosophical shortcomings for this theory have sincebeen widely criticized from all directions, including religious andsecular realms. MacDonald et al. (2013) advices that if we can getacross and past the philosophy and definition of justice to be theoverarching moral principles, and pay more attention on thedevelopmental stages of thinking during counseling sessions, it wouldhave a lot of advantages.
Additionally,the moral development literature offers detailed information abouthow individuals counseled are in a better position to developmorally, and are not present to develop morally. A better explanationof dealings from God throughout the Bible’s history are able toshade light on the importance of staging moral development, asproposed by Kohlberg’s theory (Greggo & Sisemore, 2012). Fromthe Bible, the ideals from God’s dealings have always been love.God wanted to use Christian counselors to help internalize betterrelationship based on love from within and among individuals. Whenpeople fail to understand this kind of thinking, God tries to reachout in ways that accelerate and improves the love between Him and Hispeople through counseling sessions and the Scripture.
Christiancounselors, individuals with more insight greatly impact the lives ofothers. Christian counselors not only create a great difference inthe psychological lives of individuals but, also in the generalaspects of their lives. In fact, most individuals often testify thatChristian counseling is far much better than Biblical counseling.According to Clinton et al (2002), for this reason, Christiancounselors are often urged to lengthen their teachings in parts ofthe communities other than their therapeutic offices.
Withreference to Jesus Christ, counselors reckon that He died for thesins of all, and for this reason Christian counselors have the roleof dispensing their teachings to as many people as possible (Clintonet al., 2002). It is for this, and many other clear reasons that thepsychological advantages of Christian counseling are noted by humanbeings. With the knowledge, individuals are able to understand thephenomena that cannot be solely deciphered by Biblical teachings. Asa result, most individuals resort to emulating tenets of Christianityrather than those of psychology. Nonetheless, it is also important torealize that there are instances where psychology and Christianityclash.
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