BARRIERS TO CRITICAL THINKING 4
TwoBarriers that Influence Critical Thinking
Criticalthinking entails the capacity of an individual to think clearly aswell as rationally concerning what the individual should believe oreven what the person should do. Critical thinking is crucial becauseit helps an individual to handle problems in a systematic manner aswell as engage in independent and reflective thinking (Sen,2011 pp. 16).There are various aspects that are considered to be barriers tocritical thinking, but this report will only cover two of theaspects, which are fear and stubbornness. In the report, it will beargued that fear and stubbornness makes individuals to loseconfidence in making rational decisions, thus hindering criticalthinking.
Individualsusually feel comfortable, when they have positive perceptionconcerning an issue. It is this positive perception that providesindividuals with the confidence of facing issues in a systematicmanner (Paul & Elder, 2002 pp. 41). However, anything thatundermines the positive perception of individuals is threatening andcauses fear to resolving issues systematically. Fear can prevent anindividual from pursuing a certain issue since it makes an individualunable to confront evidence and facts regarding a given issue. At anindividual and institutional level, fear impedes critical thinking.Fear undermines the critical thinking of individuals since it drivesthem to the lowest levels of thinking (Paul & Elder, 2002 pp.40). When an individual has fear, he/she is likely to thinkcritically because fear makes an individual to be seen as petty andlittle. For example, when a person has fear of expressing his/herthought, he negatively perceives that he is not worth dealing with anissue. This breaks the confidence to think critically and renders aperson incapable of thinking rationally.
Anindividual is considered stubborn in case he/she clings to his/herbeliefs even when there are facts and evidence that puts his/herviews in question (Sen,2011 pp. 18).A person that is stubborn will in most cases feel uncomfortable bythe decision that he/she makes because of the facts ad evidencepresented that makes his/her belief wrong. Whenever a personencounters an issue severally, he/she usually have the same way ofhandling the issue, despite the issue being perceived to havechallenges. It is always important to look at new facts and evidencethat emerge concerning a given issue in order to aid in resolving theissue or making rational decisions concerning the issue. This isusually not the case for a stubborn person an individual that isstubborn usually clings to his/her old decisions of handling an issuewithout necessarily looking at any new evidence and facts that haveemerged concerning an issue. It is due to this reason thatstubbornness is considered to hinder critical thinking. When astubborn individual knows that he/she is stubborn, he/she is hinderedto make rational decisions because he/she thinks that new evidenceand facts may be brought forward to challenge or question his/herbelief. Therefore, stubbornness makes individuals not to beconfident, when making decisions. It is this lack of confidence thatmakes individuals incapable of thinking critically as well as makinglogical decisions.
Inconclusion, fear and stubbornness are perceived to hinder criticalthinking. Fear and stubbornness are perceived to hinder criticalthinking because they prevent an individual from pursuing a certainissue because they make an individual unable to confront evidence andfacts regarding a given issue. Individuals should not fear or clingto their beliefs in order to boost their critical thinking.
Paul,R. & Elder, L. (2002). CriticalThinking: Toolsfor Taking Charge of Your Professional and Personal Life.Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: FT Press.
Sen,M. (2011). Anintroduction to critical thinking.Delhi: Longman.