Urinary Tract Infection

UrinaryTract Infection

UrinaryTract Infections (UTI) are health conditions that occur in theurinary system due to the effects on the organs (Foxman,2010).In most cases, UTI is caused by bacteria in the digestive system thateventually gets into the urinary tract. Notable, in this case, is theE.colithat inhabit the GIT (Foxman,2010).Essentially, UTI can occur in the lower tract thereby affectingbladder and urethra, while on the upper tract infection affect thekidney and the uterus.

Pathophysiologyof lower and upper urinary tract infection

Bothupper and lower UTI demonstrate structural abnormalitiescharacterized by renal abscesses, development of cysts and hormonalabnormalities (Foxman,2010).Upper UTI leads to metabolic abnormalities due to the kidneyinfection while the lower UTI leads to bladder abscesses.

Effectof gender and age on pathophysiology

Genderand age are notable factors that influences pathophysiology and havea notable impact in determining the prescription and diagnosis. Inthis case, women are more likely to experience UTI while exhibitingmore infections such as yeast (Maglianoet al., 2012).On the other hand, elderly people especially those with spinal cordrelated problems are at a higher risk than other populace (Maglianoet al., 2012).As such, conditions such as diabetes are common among the elderlypatients with UTI.

Impactof gender and age on diagnosis and treatment

Womenmay be diagnosed differently since in most cases men developprostatitis,and the antibiotic offered should cure that while most women developvaginitis problem (Lutters&amp Vogt-Ferrier, 2008).Men with prostatitis should take antibiotics for weeks. However, thegeneral treatment encompasses prescription of antibiotics but theyoung people are the more responsive hence shorter prescription of 3to seven days.

Threeday prescription of pathophysiology of UTI

Acommon treatment plan for both Lower and Upper UTI is a three-dayuptake of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, as alternatively referred asTMP-SMX and a sulfa drug (Lutters&amp Vogt-Ferrier, 2008).When treating lower UTI, it is the three-day plan should includeinflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen due to the urethritis andbladder inflammation. Upper tract infection needs a lot ofparacetamol due to pain.


Foxman,B. (2010). The epidemiology of urinary tract infection.&nbspNatureReviews Urology,&nbsp7(12),653-660.

Lutters,M., &amp Vogt-Ferrier, N. B. (2008). Antibiotic duration fortreating uncomplicated, symptomatic lower urinary tract infections inelderly women.Status and date: Edited (conclusions changed), published in,(3).

Magliano,E., Grazioli, V., Deflorio, L., Leuci, A. I., Mattina, R., Romano,P., &amp Cocuzza, C. E. (2012). Gender and age-dependent etiology ofcommunity-acquired urinary tract infections.&nbspTheScientific World Journal,&nbsp2012.