Vaccines are considered an effective way of boosting a child’simmunity against childhood illnesses. Owing to this effectiveness andthe obligatory nature of vaccination, many individuals may possiblynot contemplate of vaccination as optional. However, there areparents who object to having their children vaccinated (Balding,2006). This has resulted in the emergence of laws in some casescompelling parents to have their children vaccinated and in othercases allowing parents to decide on if to vaccinate or not.
In the following discussion, the paper compares and contrasts vaccinelaw in the United States to that of Canada.
In the US, it is mandatory in many states to have childrenvaccinated. All American states mandate documentation as verificationof vaccination prior to school entrance (Salmon, 2003). Most statesadditionally have laws mandating vaccination for licensed day care(CDC, 2015). Some states stipulate the type of vaccine and dosage toadminister (Salmon, 2003).
In Canada, it is not mandatory to administer vaccines to children.The country lacks a general vaccination guideline (Walsh, 2014). Itis just three provinces, Ontario, Manitoba and New Brunswick, whichmandate documentation as evidence that a child has been vaccinatedprior to school entrance (Vaccine Choice Canada, 2015).Vaccine laws in Canada are uncommon. Provinces have the freedom ofdeciding which vaccine to incorporate in practice schedules (Mah etal, 2010).
Canadian parents have more rights on deciding whether to vaccinatetheir children or not to when compared to US parents. The law doesnot compel Canadian parents to authenticate they have vaccinatedtheir children, specifically prior to school admittance, which is anobligatory law in America.
Different countries have exceptional laws on vaccines. Somecountries are lenient while others consider vaccination veryimportant hence, enacting laws to make it mandatory. Canada andUnited States are a perfect illustration of the contrast in vaccinelaws.
Balding, B. (2006). Mandatory vaccination: Why we still got to getfolks to take their shots. Harvard Law School. Retrieved from https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/8852146/Balding06.html?sequence=2
CDC. (2015). Vaccines and Immunizations. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/imz- managers/laws/state-reqs.html
Mah, C. L., Guttmann, A., McGeer, A., Krahn, M., Deber, R. B. (2010).Compulsory school- entry vaccination laws and exemptions: Who isopting out in Ontario and why does it matter? Healthcare Policy,5(4), 37-46.
Salmon, D. A. (2003). Mandatory immunization laws and the role ofmedical, religious and philosophical exemptions. UnpublishedCommentary, 1-4.
Vaccine Choice Canada. (2015). Immunization is not mandatoryin Canada. Retrieved from http://vaccinechoicecanada.com/exemptions/immunization-is-not-mandatory-in-canada/
Walsh, J. (2014). Should Canada mandate the vaccination ofschoolchildren? McGill Journal of Law and Health. Retrievedfrom http://mjlh.mcgill.ca/blog.php?blog_id=107