WAYS TO BETTER IDENTIFY AND PREVENT CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR 5
Waysto Better Identify and Prevent Criminal Behavior
Waysto Better Identify and Prevent Criminal Behavior
Overthe years, criminal behavior has been a major issue of concern topsychologists. Many behavioral psychologists argue that criminalbehavior emanates from either nature or nurture influence. AccordingtoCox(2012), the major controversy has been whether it is the geneticmakeup of an individual or it is the environment that determines anindividual’s criminal behavior. Reliable sources contend that boththe genetic composition and the environment play a role in thecriminality of a person.Cox(2012), notes that criminal behavior that the globe is experiencing ahigh increase in the rate of crimes. According toCox (2012),the genetic pre dispossession for criminality does not automaticallydetermine the criminal behavior of a person. In this case, criminalbehavior arises when an individual is exposed in an environment thatis conducive for criminal activities. According toReiss & Roth(2009), today, the criminal justice systems have become a hub forpeople with psychological problems. However, it should be noted thatcriminal behavior is psychological in most cases and if these peopleare labeled as criminals, then the society simply createsstigmatization to the people with psychological problems. In thecontemporary epoch, the criminal behavior is taking a completelydifferent shape with juvenile crime increasingly becoming major issueof concern. Apparently, criminal behavior is becoming more common injuveniles a factor that has instigated the formation of juvenile jailsystems. However, a close scrutiny of criminal behavior ascertainsthat jailing individuals with psychological problems provides only ashort term solutions towards criminal behavior. The intent of thispaper is to examine the whole notion of criminal behavior byexploring the possible ways of identifying and preventing criminalbehavior in the society.
Asthe contemporary world advances with each passing day, criminals tooare investing new methods perpetuating their illicit activities inthe society. Most important is that criminals are already used to theold ways of crime identification and prevention. As a result, theyhave come up with new ways of advancing their social vices. Thistherefore implies that the institutions mandated with theresponsibility of crime control need to come up with better ways oftracking and preventing criminal behavior in the society. Over theyears, numerous theories have been postulated by different people ina bid to unravel criminal behavior. The positivist school of thoughtfor example emphasizes on understanding the root cause of a criminalbehavior as the main mechanism for identifying and preventingcriminal behavior. Positivists thus use empirical data and scientificmethods to fully comprehend criminal behavior. Other theories aboutcriminal behavior are biological theories of crime, psychologicaltheories of crime as well as the social learning of theory of crimeidentification. It is evident that though these theories usedifferent research methods, they all concur to the fact that criminalbehavior is an effect of the genetic composition and the environment.
Thesubject of identifying criminal behavior therefore varies from onescholar to the other. According toReiss & Roth(2009), identification of crimes depends on the offender, thefrequency in which the crime is committed and the type of crimecommitted. The use of biometrics technology has been outlined as akey method of identifying and preventing crimes in the contemporarysociety. Biometrics depicts the process of fingerprinting, facialscanning and recognition, iris scans as well as the palm scans.According to a report that was released by the federal bureau ofinvestigation, biometrics technology has helped America detect andreduce crime rate by 30% within the last two years. More accuratefingerprinting system increases efficiency and accuracy in crimeinvestigations. Fingerprinting has been outlined as the most reliablemechanism of tracking criminals because the probability of theoffender leaving his or her fingerprints in the crime scene is 98%.Moreover, palm capture is another additional tool. Establishing anaccurate palm print database is a major boost to the detectives.According toReiss & Roth(2009), criminals usually leave their palm prints 30% of the timethey commit crimes.
Furthermore,facial recognition is an improved method of identifying crimes. Thisimplies that criminal behaviors can be detected using CCTV camerasand then the faces captured during the crime scenes can be scanned toknow the offenders. Facial recognition has been outlined to be 80%accurate.
Anothermethod of identifying criminal behavior is through the use of irisrecognition, scent and gait recognition. If well implemented, thismethod can offer additional tools for law enforcement officers toeasily identify crimes.
DNAis also a better method of identifying crime perpetrators. Here, asample of the criminal’s DNA can be compared to the evidence fromthe crime scene. In a situation where the suspect has not beenidentified, the offender profiles in DNA databases can be compared tothe evidence garnered from the scene of crime in order to ascertainthe perpetrator.
Inconclusion, it is evident that criminal behavior emanates from bothnurture and nature. As a result, law enforcement officers should usethe most appropriate methods to identify criminal behavior and theroot cause of the behavior. The use of biometrics technologytherefore offers the best methods of identifying and preventingcriminal behavior in our socity.
Cox, B.(2012). Crimesof the 21st century.New York: Crescent Books.
Reiss,A., & Roth, J. (2009). Understandingand preventing violence.Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.