WaterShortage in Arizona
Arizonais known as a State that grows of different crops such as cotton,alfalfa grass and many more. However, some of this crops use a lot ofwater. The problem of water in Arizona started around 1922, afterseven different Western States that share the river’s water met andcame up with an agreement on how they would be able to share theColorado River.
Unfortunately,the plan had some shortcomings because of the underestimation of thewater that the river could provide for them. In addition, there arerecords of mismanagement of the water resources by the differentstates. The solution to this problem of shortage of water in theColorado River would be obtained from water conservation and theArizona farmers are switching from growing crops that use a lot ofwater to planting other crops that use less water.
Therehave been warnings that Arizona could run out water in the next fewyears. The claims mostly from unprofessional bodies causedsignificant panic in the state with some people taking it the onlineplatforms to mourn Arizona. The projections made by the CentralArizona Project that is responsible for the movement of water fromColorado to Phoenix and Tucson warned that the canal might reduce itsdeliveries to the urban areas by 2019 (McKinnon). It appears as agradual desertification of the highly agricultural state. However,the Arizona water experts outline that there should not be any needto worry since the inconvenience is not the first one. They cite the2004 warning that claimed that the canal could not continuedelivering water to Arizona. The river’s level went very low in2011 when there was very low water supply (McKinnon). However, therecorded trends of water shortage in the state should make theresidents worry. The water level on Colorado River has not increasedin more than a decade. The river serves more than 40 million peopleincluding the residents of Arizona. Since 2000, the river hasrecorded a continuously lowered level. Moreover, the rainfallpatterns in the state have continued to deteriorate with the SkyHarbor station recording only 0.06 inches since June this year(McKinnon). The 1968 congressional pact between California andColorado pushes the residents of Arizona on the receiving end. Theagreement permitted the building of the Arizona canal throughCalifornia. However, California has the right to hold water duringdry spells. The other reservoirs that supplement Colorado Riverincluding Salt, Lake Mary and Roosevelt are at an average of 49% incapacity (McKinnon). The current situation should, therefore, causealarm.
McKinnon,Shaun. "5 Reasons to Panic about Arizona`s Water, and 5 ReasonsNot to." Azcentral. 11 Aug. 2014. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
Jacobson,Julie. "How A Historical Blunder Helped Create The Water CrisisIn The West." NPR. NPR, 25 June 2015. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
Holthaus,Eric. "Yes, the Drought Is Bad in California. It’s Going to BeMuch, Much Worse in Arizona." Web. 26 Oct. 2015.