Workplace Violations



Thegeneral objective of the proposed study is to identify the reasonsfor unreported workplace violation. Specifically, the study aims todocument the prevalence of unreported workplace violations in the barand restaurant sector systematically (Bryman 35).

Relevanceof the study

Inaddition to previous studies, the research seeks to illuminate theconnections between workplace conditions in low-wage industries. Itshall document the various kinds of workplace conditions and providean explanation why the violations remain unreported (Bryman 37).


Thepopulation for the study shall involve all low-wage employees in thebar and restaurant industry. The sample shall be randomly allocatedand sufficient to represent the overall population (Bryman, 35).


Thestudy shall entail interviews that will be conducted with the sampledpopulation. Phone interviews and census-style door to door interviewsare inadequate in capturing the primary population of interest. Thedetails of low-wage employees in the bar and restaurant industriesare hard to find in the official databases due to several reasons.First, the workers are reluctant to take part in interviews due tothe fear of retaliation from their employers. Second, trust is animportant issue whenever dealing with details of a worker`s job,their wages, and personal background (Bryman 52).

.Inlight of the above difficulties, the study shall utilize therespondent-driven sampling (RDS) approach to gain entry and access tothe respondents. The method depends on the social networks of therespondents to connect to more respondents. The process shall involvethe identification of one respondent in a given bar or restaurantthat will consequently engage other similar respondents from his /her social networks (Bryman 51).

Asone of the chain related methods such as snowball, the methodutilizes a dual structure of incentives. It entails remunerating therespondents for both the time they spend on the survey and for eacheligible member that they recruit into the survey. A coupon basedquota system shall be used to limit the number of recruitments foreach respondent. The initial contacts with respondents shall beissued with some specially numbered coupons to pass to other eligiblecandidates. The new candidates’ shall present the coupons to thestudy site for recording and given other coupons to recruit newrespondents. Upon visiting the study site, the respondents will beassured about the clandestine nature of the information they provide.The interviewers shall engage with the respondents and issue themwith a questionnaire. The questionnaire shall contain guidelines anddetailed information about the study. After the questionnaire, theresearcher shall engage in a brief focus group discussion with therespondent after which the respondents shall be released (Bryman 53).

Theprincipal advantage of the respondent-driven sampling method lay onthe mathematical model of the social networks. The reality of socialnetworks is that they differ from one respondent to the other andconsequently, some workers have more likeliness to be recruited thanothers. The data from the survey shall be weighed based on therespondents to ensure that the results are a representative of thewhole population and not the workers with an extensive socialnetwork. Besides, the respondent-driven sampling method clearlyinforms the recruiters about the type of workers that are eligiblefor the survey. The bar and the industry sector shall be convertedinto simple titles that will be used as criteria recruitment for thesurvey (Bryman 54).


Thedata collection period shall entail observation of the variousworkers at their workplaces. Observation is necessary to ascertainthe information obtained during the interviews as well as identifyingissues that were left out during the interview. The aim ofobservation is to document various aspects such as time and the scopeof work of the employees. Besides, it shall provide answers to the“why questions” that arise during the study. The researcher shallaim to identify any possible additional forms of abuse at theworkplace such as mistreatment and harassment omitted from the study.Indirect observation shall be utilized to decrease the Hawthorneeffect (Bryman 37).

Focusgroup discussions

Thestudy shall utilize focus group discussions mainly to identify thenonverbal behavior as an input for the study. The aim is to enablethe researcher to recognize the attitudes of the respondents inproviding information and consequently modify the moderator’sdecision. Focus group discussions shall assist in screening therespondents by identifying them on a face to face basis. Besides, theface-to-face interaction shall ensure relevance of the topic andassist in bringing up new information that is not covered byinterviews and observations (Bryman 37).


Thestudy shall utilize case studies to explore relevant areas in thefield of workers violations. An analysis of the previous recent casestudies in the workers violation field shall be conducted toascertain the available information to avoid duplication. Inaddition, it shall be used in guiding the design of data collectiontools such as questionnaires. Besides, case studies shall augment theidentification of critical research gaps relevant to the currentstudy. Case studies shall ease the mode of conducting the research byproviding an understanding of the various available methodologies toapproach different situations during the study. It shall entail pastresearch conducted on workplace violations and why they are notreported. Case studies in other related fields shall be utilized forcomparison purposes. They shall augment the quality of the study byassisting to avoiding previous mistakes done by researchers (Bryman39)


Bryman,Alan. QualitativeResearch 2: Vol. 1.Los Angeles: SAGE, 2007. Print.